header Notes Collection

10 Dollars 2013, Canada

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 29.11.2013
Signatures: Deputy Governor: Mr. Tiff Macklem, Governor: Mr. Mark Carney
Serie: The Frontier Polymer Series
Specimen of: 29.11.2013
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 152.4 х 69.85
Printer: Canadian Bank Note Company Limited, Ottawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Dollars 2013




The main security features of the new banknotes are two transparent windows: one - in the form of a maple leaf (national heraldic symbol of Canada), another - in the form of a broad vertical strip with two metalized images - reduced portrait of Honorable Sir John Alexander Macdonald and one of the buildings of the Parliament of Canada (Image have a holographic shine and well visible from the front and back).

At 10 Dollars that is the Library of Parliament.

The Library of Parliament (Bibliothèque du Parlement) is the main information repository and research resource for the Parliament of Canada. The main branch of the library sits at the rear of the Center Block, on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, and is the last untouched part of that larger building's original incarnation, after it burned down in 1916. The library has been augmented and renovated a number of times since its construction in 1876, the last between 2002 and 2006, though the form and decor remain essentially authentic.


10 Dollars 2013

John Alexander Macdonald

The engraving on banknote is made after the portrait of John Alexander Macdonald by Canadian artist Sir George Robert Parkin (8 Februarz 1846 - 25 June 1922), 1908.

Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 - 6 June 1891), was the first Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873, 1878-1891) and one of Canada's Fathers of Confederation. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned almost half a century. Macdonald served 19 years as Canadian Prime Minister; only William Lyon Mackenzie King served longer. Macdonald was designated as the first Prime Minister of the new nation, and served in that capacity for most of the remainder of his life, losing office for five years in the 1870s over the Pacific Scandal (corruption in the financing of the Canadian Pacific Railway). After regaining his position, he saw the railroad through to completion in 1885, a means of transportation and freight conveyance that helped unite Canada as one nation. Macdonald is credited with creating a Canadian Confederation despite many obstacles, and expanding what was a relatively small colony to cover the northern half of North America. By the time of his death in 1891, Canada had secured most of the territory it occupies today.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners.


10 Dollars 2013


The expansion of the railway in the 1880s was hailed as a remarkable feat of engineering for a young country with a varied and often treacherous terrain. At the time, the railway was the longest ever built, and its completion demonstrated Canada’s pioneering spirit by linking our eastern and western frontiers, connecting people, and facilitating the exchange of goods. Today, The Canadian train, winding its way through the Rockies showcases Canada’s natural beauty and symbolizes what we accomplished as a young nation.

The train featured on the $10 note symbolizes the engineering feat of linking Canada by rail. In 1871, British Columbia agreed to join Confederation on the condition that the federal government build a railway to link the new province with the East (Manitoba was the province’s closest neighbour). Canada’s first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, who is also featured on this note, kept that promise. The resulting rail expansion is one of his great legacies.

At present, The Canadian train still connects country. Its route showcases the country’s geographic diversity, from Toronto, our largest city, to the Pacific coast, and allows both Canadians and visitors to experience the breadth of our country from the unique perspective of a railcar. The Canadian is represented here as a symbol for rail activity across the country playing a critical role in our economy and transporting people and goods to small and large communities alike.

Located in Jasper National Park, the mountains featured on the $10 note showcase the grandeur of the Canadian Rockies. It is Lectern Peak, Aquila Mountain, Mount Zengel and other mountains. Rather than feature only one mountain range, these various peaks were selected to highlight the diverse and majestic nature of the Rockies.

Mount Zengel is a 8,088 ft. / 2,465 m. mountain peak in Alberta, Canada. Based on peakery data, it ranks as the 734th highest mountain in Alberta and the 1897th highest mountain in Canada.

Aquila Mountain is a 8,957 ft. / 2,730 m. mountain peak in Alberta, Canada. Based on peakery data, it ranks as the 475th highest mountain in Alberta and the 963rd highest mountain in Canada.

Lectern Peak is a 8,688 ft. / 2,648 m. mountain peak in Alberta, Canada. Based on peakery data, it ranks as the 575th highest mountain in Alberta and the 1228th highest mountain in Canada.


The map on the back of the $10 note shows Via Rail train pulled using F40PH-2 locomotive. This image was provided by Natural Resources Canada.

VIA Rail Canada 6400-6458 are GMDD F40PH-2D locomotives (often known as F40PH-2's). They were built in three batches, with most of the fleet still in active service.

The F40PH locomotives were purchased to allow for the retirement of much of VIA's run-down and antiquated locomotives that they received from CN and CPR. The fleet was meant to become the primary long-distance motive power for VIA, with the LRC's providing the bulk of the Corridor service. The second round of budget cuts in January 1990 meant that many of the troublesome LRC's could be put into storage, and the F40PH's would provide the majority of all service.

These units are amongst the last F40PH's built, and are some of the most advanced. While they are classified as -2's, they are closer in technology to 50-series units, with radar wheelslip systems. Much as most other F40PH's, the HEP alternator is gear-driven from the prime mover, meaning that it must run at a constant RPM regardless of the speed of the actual locomotive. The D at the end of the designation signifies the desktop control stand that the units are equipped with.

After initial purchase, many had to operate in service leading either a steam generator car, or existing VIA locos equipped with steam generators (FP9's, F9B's, FPA4's, FPB4's, etc) as VIA still had a significant fleet of steam-heated passenger cars the HEP-powered F40's could not heat. Modernization and rebuilding of the passenger car fleet with HEP in the 1990's helped eliminate this.

Some surplus units were leased to power-short Canadian Pacific in the 1990's to operate in freight service, often combined with other CP units or lease units on freights.

In the late 90's most of the units had a livery update, featuring large Canadian flags applied to the sides, a thicker blue stripe, and the words "Canada" added.

The clean air room air intake vents on the roof of the units changed to a different style over the years. Most were re-equipped by the early-mid 2000's, but unit 6414 carried its early style intakes until (at least) late 2007.

A few units were previously equipped with an extra high-output spot beam just below the main headlights. This was incorporated into the rebuild program, as were the extra emergency horns found on Operation Lifesaver unit 6411 before rebuild.

In the 2000's, most of the lower numbered units were assigned to the east out of Montreal, and most of the higher numbers to the west out of Vancouver for maintenance. A few higher numbered units were assigned Winnipeg as well.

The purchase of the GE P42DC locomotives in 2001 allowed VIA to rest the overworked F40PH fleet, and even allowed VIA to send one unit (6400) in for a major refurbishment and upgrading. It emerged in 2006, with a new prime mover, new traction motors and electricals, plug-in layover system, and a computerized control and diagnostic system. VIA announced that the rest of the fleet would be rebuilt in late 2007, but would feature a refurbished prime mover and a separate HEP genset in an effort to make the units more efficient and more reliable. It is expected that they will be able to provide another 15 years of reliable service once outshopped.

Early in 2009 CAD Railway Industries in Lachine, Quebec outshopped 6402. Resplendent in the new "Renaissance" scheme, it carried most of the improvements of 6400 as well as a new, separate HEP system enclosed in the extended rear carbody. CAD began the overhaul of eight locomotives at a time once the testing and debugging process was completed. The overhaul program will be completed in 2012.

In July 2013, unit 6403 was renumbered 6459. This was done to avoid having 6403 "immortalized" on the new $10 polymer bills, which featured an image of The Canadian with 6403 leading, lest any accident or incident involve it.

A number of units were given special full body wraps and paint schemes over the years for promotional and advertising purposes (such units are noted in the wrap table, as well as in the roster). The length of time the wraps were applied varied depending on the promotion and contract details. The Spiderman 2 wrapped units lasted a lot longer than normal: apparently, when VIA tried removing the wraps on 2 of their 6 Spiderman 2 wrapped units it damaged the paint underneath, hence the wraps were left intact on the remaining 4 units until they were rebuilt years later. When Spiderman 3 came out in 2007, the remaining Spiderman 2 wrapped units were still in service! (Canadian public transit discussion board)

Build date 1975-1992.

Maximum speed - 110 mph (177 km/h)

Power output - 3,000-3,200 hp (2.2-2.4 MW)

Builder - GM Electro-Motive Division (EMD)

Power type - Diesel-electric

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.


The banknotes are manufactured by Ottawa-based companies Canadian Bank Note Company and BA International. They are made from a single sheet of polymer substrate branded as "Guardian" manufactured by Innovia Films, which is the only supplier of the substrate for the Frontier Series, based on a polymer developed in Australia and used by Note Printing Australia to print the banknotes of the Australian dollar since 1988. The material is less likely to tear than cotton-based paper, and is more crumple resistant and water resistant. The polymer notes are made of recyclable biaxially-oriented polypropylene (BOPP).