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1000 Lire 1990, Italy

in Krause book Number: 114a
Years of issue: 08.10.1990
Edition: 2 160 000 000
Signatures: Il Governatore: Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Il Cassiere: Fortunato Speziali
Serie: Serie 1990 - 1994
Specimen of: 08.10.1990
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 112 х 61
Printer: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Rome (from 1978)

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Lire 1990

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori and Bank of Italy logo.

Avers:

1000 Lire 1990

Maria Montessori

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Maria Montessori. The date and author of the photo are unknown.

Maria Tecla Artemesia Montessori (August 31, 1870 - May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name, and her writing on scientific pedagogy. Her educational method is in use today in public and private schools throughout the world.

Dr Maria Montessori has been described as an educator, scientist, physician, philosopher, feminist and humanitarian, and was the first early childhood educator to be nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr Montessori felt strongly that a radical reform of education was essential if there was to be any hope for peace in our time.

She intended that children be placed at the center of society to enable all children to become caring, self motivated and fulfilled individuals, able to create a harmonious and peaceful future for humanity. (Montessori house of children)

Pattern on the background.

Lower is coat of arms (unofficial arms of Italy).

Winged lion of St.Mark of Venice above 3 shields of Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi.

The Lion of Saint Mark, representing the evangelist St Mark, pictured in the form of a winged lion, is the symbol of the city of Venice and formerly of the Republic of Venice. It appears also in both merchant and military naval flags of the Italian Republic. The Lion of Saint Mark is also the symbol of the award of the Venice Film Festival, the "Golden Lion", and of the insurance company Assicurazioni Generali.

Denomination in numeral is in top left corner. Top, centered, in words.

Revers:

1000 Lire 1990

Bambini allo Studio

The engraving on banknote is made after this painting.

Boy and girl perform schoolwork. From the painting "Bambini allo Studio" ("Children in the class") by Italian artist Armando Spadini (1883-1925).

Today is in collection of the Bank of Italy.

Denomination in numeral is in top right corner.

Comments:

Designer: Giovanni Pino.

Obverse engraver: Franco Zannotti.

Reverse engraver: Anna De Angelis.

In UV yellow.