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3 Somoni 2010, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 20
Years of issue: 2010
Signatures: President of Tajikistan: Эмомали Раҳмон, Chairman of the National Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan: Шариф Раҳимзода
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 2010
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 141 x 65
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

3 Somoni 2010




Shirinsho Shotemur. Please, read obverse description!


3 Somoni 2010

Шириншоҳ Шоҳтемур

Shirinsho Shotemur (Tajik: Шириншоҳ Шоҳтемур Shirinshoh Shohtemur; Russian: Шириншо Шотемор Širinšo Šotemor; 1 December 1899 – 27 October 1937) was a prominent Pamiri politician who made a major contributions to the early history of Soviet Tajikistan and was instrumental in the establishment of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic.

Shotemur was born on December 1, 1899 in Shughnon District, Tajikistan, to a poor farmer family. At the age of 13 Shotemur started assisting his family on the field. From 1914 to 1918 he worked at a factory in Tashkent. In 1921 he began pursuing a political career and was sent back to the Pamirs as a member of the political-military team. From 1923 to 1924 he worked as an instructor of the national minorities department of Tajikistan's Communist Party Central Committee. At the same time he headed the Tajik communist section.

During his lifetime Shirinsho Shotemur held many leading positions in the Tajik government and in the communist party. In 1937 Shotemur was charged with participation in an anti-Soviet nationalistic organization and arrested in Moscow. Later the same year the Military board of the Supreme Court of the USSR sentenced Shotemur to death. He was executed on October 27, 1937. In 1956 Shotemur was posthumously rehabilitated by Military board of the Supreme Court of the USSR.

Shirinsho Shotemur was one of the main initiators of establishing the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924. As of 1927 Shotemur was the Tajik ASSR's representative in the Uzbek SSR. In 1929, Shirinsho Shotemur successfully insisted on joining Sughd Province to the Tajik ASSR. The same year he initiated the exit of Tajikistan from the Uzbek SSR and the establishment of the new Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic. Many Soviet historians believe that his initiatives to separate Tajikistan from the Uzbek SSR caused his rivals to falsify charges against Shotemur, which led to his death sentence. Shirinsho Shotemur was awarded with prestigious state awards during his lifetime, as well as posthumously, including awards from the Republic of Tajikistan in 1999 and 2006.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan is in top right corner.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is on top, left of center.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

Although, left of center is the line with Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Centered are the feather pen and opened book.


3 Somoni 2010


Government House (the building of the Parliament of Tajikistan) in Dushanbe.

Architect: Anisimov S.L.

The end of the 30s and the beginning of the 40s was the heyday of architecture and urban planning in Stalinabad. In 1938, a competition was announced to develop a design for the main administrative building of Soviet Tajikistan - the Government House.

After a competition, the design of the architect Anisimov was adopted as the basis for the design solution.

A site was chosen for construction in the central part of the city, on Communications Square (later named after V.I. Lenin, then Dusti). The project provided an area for holding demonstrations and military parades on national holidays. It was supposed to form a public center here and lay the foundation for a new architectural appearance of the city.

The construction of the building took place during the war and post-war years 1940 -1949. The first stone of the building of the Government House was laid on April 9, 1940 by the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan (Bolsheviks) Dmitry Protopopov.

Construction lasted nine years and was completed only in 1949, already under the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Bolsheviks, Bobodzhan Gafurov.

The Government House (now the Parliament building) is one of the most monumental buildings in our city. The building was built in the style of Soviet neoclassicism. Magnificent bas-reliefs (sculptor Elena Tatarinova) with heraldic compositions and images of the Tajik people decorate the facade of the central entrance; the side entrance porticoes are made in the style of the Italian High Renaissance.

Two wings (one facing Tehran (Gorky) Street and the other facing Rudaki (Lenin) Street, together with the central part, form with their ends one of the sides of the main square of the city. The proportions of the main facade, its scale in relation to the area and the quality of the details make this building an undoubted achievement Soviet architecture in the history of Dushanbe.

Today the Government House is one of the tourist attractions in Dushanbe.

The name of Stefan Lukich Anisimov is associated with key pages in the construction history of the capital of Tajikistan in the 1940s - 1980s.

The architect is not with us, but his ideas and the architectural monuments created with his participation, as well as other buildings, still decorate our city and regularly become the subject of discussions among historians, architects, local historians and defenders of the preservation of old Dushanbe.

Stefan Lukich Anisimov (1910-1985) arrived in Stalinabad in 1936.

For almost half a century - from 1936 to 1985 - he worked as one of the leading architects of the republic.


Looking at these dates, it is not difficult to understand that it was Anisimov’s lot that fell to the most important page in the urban history of our city in the XX century. In the pre-war years and in subsequent years, hundreds of buildings and structures were built according to his designs in Dushanbe and other cities of the republic.

Among Anisimov’s creative works, the Government House, the building of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan, the Republican Library named after. Firdavsi in Dushanbe, building of the National Bank of Tajikistan.

And according to his designs, more than three hundred administrative and medical buildings, industrial buildings, and educational institutions were built in many cities and villages of Tajikistan.

Among them are the Dushanbe Textile Factory, the Dushanbe Tobacco Factory, the Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after. Lenin in Dushanbe, the capital's Central Department Store (TSUM), the building of the Pedagogical Institute in Kulyab, the building of the Pedagogical Institute in Leninabad, etc. (Азия Плюс .rus)

flagAbove the building is the flag of Tajikistan.

The national flag of Tajikistan (Tajik: Парчами Тоҷикистон / پرچم تاجیکستان) was adopted in November 1992, replacing the flag of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic of 1953. It is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and green with a width ratio of 2:3:2, charged with a crown surmounted by an arc of seven stars at the center.

The tricolour preserves the choice of colours in the Tajik Soviet flag.

The middle white stripe has one-and-a-half times the width of the red and green stripes. The red represents the unity of the nation; the green represents the fertile valleys, while the white represents both the snow and ice of the mountains and the colour of cotton.

The crown and stars are set in a rectangle taking up 80% of the flag's total width. The crown represents the Tajik people, as the name Tajik is connected with Persian tâj "crown" in popular etymology.


In English:" Counterfeit banknotes of the National Bank of Tajikistan shall be punished in accordance with the law."


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.