header Notes Collection

1 Diram 1999, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 10a
Years of issue: 30.10.2000
Signatures: Chairman: Murodali Alimardon, First Vice-Governor: Sharif Rahimzoda
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 100 x 60
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Diram 1999




The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


1 Diram 1999

Ayni Opera and Ballet Theatre

Tajik State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater named after Sadriddin Aini.

Address: Rudaki Avenue, building No. 28.

Architects: A. Junger, D. Bilibin, V. Golly, M. Zakharov.

Builder: L. A. Toritsyn.

Construction started: 1938.

The most beautiful building in the city. On February 17, 1942, the Opera and Ballet Theater named after Sadriddin Aini was completed in Dushanbe. The newspapers wrote: “This is Stalin’s gift to the Tajik people.” Work at the site did not stop, although all efforts in the country were devoted to military construction.

Palace of Tajik Art. One of the first monumental buildings in Dushanbe. Created according to the design of Leningrad architects. White columns, wide balconies, bas-reliefs on the walls.

The building opened on February 17, 1942. Because of the war, work was not stopped. The palace was completed on the personal instructions of Joseph Stalin. They worked in several shifts, ordinary townspeople helped.

During the war, more than 30 theater and musical groups were evacuated here. And they had to be located somewhere. There were houses of culture, and this was the first real theater.

After the collapse of the USSR, Soviet symbols were removed from the facade. There are no more busts of leaders here; they have been replaced by national paintings. There was no museum in the original project. Now it stores personal belongings of the actors, photographs and posters.

In the modern theater, the auditorium and stage have changed. It can be used to perform technically complex and mass productions. Up to 300 people can be on site at the same time. (МИР24 .rus)


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is in top left corner.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

On right and left sides are the Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words at bottom.


1 Diram 1999


The roof of the world – this is how the Pamir Mountains are often translated. The Pamirs are located across Tajikistan, China, Afghanistan and Pakistan, and are connected with some of the other highest mountain ranges in the world, such as the Tian-Shan, Karakorum, Hindu Kush, and Himalayas. The Pamir Mountains differ because of their severity and high elevations. There are many glaciers, lakes and rivers to be found among the mountains. The environment is tough, though there are places for alpine deserts with a polar climate.

There are few mountains over 7000 meters (22,966 feet) in the Pamirs. The highest point of Pamir is Kongur Tagh (7649 m. or 25,095 ft.), located in the territory of China. Tajikistan has such peaks as Ismoil Somoni Peak (7495 m. or 24,590 ft.), Lenin Peak (7134 m. or 23,406 ft.) and Korzhenevskaya Peak (7105 m. or 23,310 ft.). Apart from these peaks, you can see many other mountains that are over 6000 meters high as well.

There are many lakes in the Pamirs. The largest one is Karakul, located at the height of 3914 meters (12,841 ft.) above sea level. Another famous lake of the Pamirs is Sarez: it appeared after an earthquake in 1911, when huge landslide blocked a gorge forming a dam, and the space began to fill with water from the Bartang River. It took 37 years for the lake to form; after that, its area reached 17 square km (6.56 square miles), and the length reached 70 km. (43.5 miles). In addition, the Pamirs are home to numerous lakes like Yashilkul, Rangkul and Zorkul, in addition to many smaller lakes.

The Pamirs also have a great number of glaciers, with the Fedchenko Glacier standing out. It is the largest glacier of Pamirs, as well as the longest glacier in the world outside the Arctic and Antarctic. (


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.