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5 Diram 1999, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 11a
Years of issue: 30.10.2000
Signatures: Chairman: Murodali Alimardon, First Vice-Governor: Sharif Rahimzoda
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 100 x 60
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Diram 1999




The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


5 Diram 1999

Palace of Culture ArbobPalace of Culture Arbob

The Arbob Cultural Palace is a building in Khujand, Tajikistan, the former headquarters of a Soviet collective farm, built in the 1950s and modelled on the winter gardens of Peterhof, St Petersburg.

The main building consists of three wings - with an ornate theatre seating 800 people in the main wing. The South wing currently houses a museum which tells the history of Arbob and of collectivisation and the USSR in Tajikistan.

Outside the building is a procession of fountains and rose gardens running to the arrival driveway and a bust of Lenin.

The center was built in the 1950s under the leadership of Urukhojaev, the head of the collective farm. Urukhojaev was a significant Tajik who sat on Soviet committees and was well known in the area around Khujand and in Tajikistan generally.

The building had particular significance in 1992, when it was the site for the meeting of the Tajik Soviet which officially declared independence from the Soviet Union. It was the site where the Tajik flag was chosen.

More recently, in the late 1990s it was also the site where peace conferences following the Tajik civil war were held. In particular, Tajik President Emomalii Rahmon first came to prominence speaking at the Palace, and it was the site for a "plov of peace" which celebrated successful negotiations towards an agreed end to the Tajik civil war.


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is in top left corner.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

On right and left sides are the Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words at bottom.


5 Diram 1999


Mazar (Mausoleum) of Kambar Bobo near Chiluchorchashma.

Chiluchorchashma (Chiluchor-Chashma, Chilicher-Chashma, 44 chashma) is a source of sacred water. It is located on the right bank of the Kafirnigan River, 12 kilometers west of the Shaartuz region or 6 km. from the center of the Nosiri Khusrav district (formerly Beshkent), in the Shaartuz district of the Khatlon region. One of the most wonderful sources of fresh water.

Archaeologists give this source an age of 10-15 thousand years. Although the historian Abu Sad al-Samani (1113-1166) in the 12th century reports about Chiluchorchashma, without mentioning his name as a “famous spring in Kabodiyon” with medicinal water. This very large source has survived to this day. It is located in the Beshkent Valley, which in the past (before Soviet-era irrigation works) was a hot, lifeless steppe.

The name in Tajik means forty-four springs and comes from “chashma” - spring, spring, spring. Five large springs hit the base of a small hill, which split into 39 smaller springs. The water of the springs forms a channel 10-15 meters wide, in which “sacred” fish (various species of the genus Marinka), as well as trout, live. The source is known to residents of Tajikistan and neighboring Uzbekistan, and they often come here in the summer when the air temperature is more than +35 Celsius. Visitors pray, bathe (the canal is a bathing area for men) and make sacrifices. Water from 17 springs is considered healing. Plane trees and poplars grow on the territory of the spring, and there is a large orchard.

Above the source there is a small hill with a small mazar - a mausoleum, an object of veneration for Muslims. According to local traditions, a saint named Kambar Bobo was buried there, who was the man who looked after the horse of Ali ibn Abu Talib (599-661) and looked after his mule Duldul. Nearby are the graves of four other unknown saints. In Soviet times, an off-farm rest house for cotton growers and milkmaids was organized on the site of the mazar.

This is a holy place associated with Ali - "kadamja" ("place of the path"). According to local legend, when Ali visited the area preaching Islam, the nearby Romit River was dry. Ali then named her Kofarnikhon. Having reached the place where Chiluchorchashma is located, Ali struck at the foot of the hill, and where his fingers touched the ground, they began to knock out five of the purest springs.

The source was one of the most revered places in the Kabad bekst and gave birth to the Beshkent oasis. Here, around spring, the Khoja families settled as sheikhs. In 667, a sheikh from the outskirts of Medina was sent here, accompanied by two assistants and a servant. At the beginning of the XX century, there were 60 Khoja farms in Chiluchorchashma, eight of which belonged to the Taj group. Miyen (center) and traced his ancestry to Umar (581-644), who is considered the second Orthodox caliph. Miyon occupied a high position in the Kokand Khanate. Miyon Chiluchorchashmy owned the source as a hereditary waqf; they received taxes from irrigated lands and donations from numerous pilgrims. A descendant of the Arab sheikh Ismail Assomutdinov is currently the custodian of the oasis.

The distance from the city of Dushanbe to Chiluchorchashma is about 205 km. and can only be reached by taxi or your own car. The road from the capital of Tajikistan to Chiluchorchashm is quite flat and paved. ( .rus)


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.