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20 Diram 1999, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 12a
Years of issue: 30.10.2000
Signatures: Chairman: Murodali Alimardon, First Vice-Governor: Sharif Rahimzoda
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 100 x 60
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Diram 1999




The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


20 Diram 1999

Meeting room in old building of the National Bank of Tajikistan. Unfortunately, not a single photo of the meeting room of the old bank building has been found yet!


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is in top left corner.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

On right and left sides are the Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words at bottom.


20 Diram 1999

All internet sites are saying about reverse of this banknote - mountain road and that is ALL!

After reviewing a lot of photos of the republic, I have come to a definite conclusion. I want to note - this is just my guess! So far, no evidence in support of my argument I have not received.

Therefore, it seemed to me, that on the reverse of the banknote is Anzob.


Anzob is a pass over the Gissar ridge in Tajikistan.

The height of the pass reaches 3372 m. From the north there is a relatively gentle ascent along the valley of the river of the same name, in the south there is a steep serpentine descent to the upper reaches of the Varzob River.

The Tashkent - Dushanbe highway passes through the pass. From December to June the pass is closed due to snow drifts and avalanches.


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.