header Notes Collection
Top

1000 Rupees 1987, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 124
Years of issue: 30.06.1987
Edition: --
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr. Arifin M. Siregar, Direktur: Mr. Sujitno Siswowidagdo
Serie: 1982 - 1987 Issue
Specimen of: 30.06.1987
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 68
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Rupees 1987

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Sultan Hasanuddin Tumenanga Ri Balla Pangkana (12 January 1631 - 12 June 1670) was the 16th Ruler of The Sultanate of Gowa from 1653 to 1669. He was proclaimed as Indonesian National Hero on 6 November 1973. Sultan Hassanudin was born in Makassar, Gowa Kingdom (on what is now part of South Sulawesi) under the name I Mallombasi Muhammad Bakir Daeng Mattawang Karaeng Bonto Mangepe. He was the second prince of the 15th King of Gowa, Sultan Malikussaid. Upon his conversion to Islam, Hassanudin changed his name to Sultan Hasanuddin Tumenanga Ri Balla Pangkana.

Sultan HasanuddinSuccession, war and rebellion.

After his accession to the throne of Gowa, Hasanuddin was faced with a turbulent situation as the Netherlands|Dutch colonized the East Indies. During this period, the Kingdom of Gowa was the sole large east Indonesian kingdom which was not yet colonized by the Dutch. In 1666, under the leadership of Captain Cornelis Speelman, the VOC (Verenlgde Oostindische Compagnie/United Eastindies Company) sought to seize each and every east Indonesian kingdom to monopolized the spice trade, though were unable to colonize Gowa.

In order to resist Dutch encroachments, Hasanuddin tried to gather each of the kingdom’s military powers to attack the Dutch East Indies Company collectively. The wars between the Dutch and the States continued to worsen until the Dutch increased their military presence. Eventually, but not without several defeats and losses of the Dutch performed by the King of Gowa Hasanuddin and his army's, the Kingdom of Gowa had no other choice, but to agree to peace with the Dutch under the terms of the Bugaya treaty.

Following the signing of the Bugaya treaty, Gowa felt that the treaty was unfair and that they were disadvantaged by the terms of the treaty. As a result, Gowa continued to attack the Dutch. Finally, the Dutch sought military assistance from Batavia, resulting in a fierce and a bloody war between the Dutch and Gowa. The war continued until the company managed to conquer Gowa’s last stronghold, Sombaupu Fort, on 12 June 1669. Sultan Hassanudin retreated and abdicated as the King of Gowa. He died a year later, at the age of 39 on 12 June 1670, and was buried in Katangka, Makassar.

Avers:

1000 Rupees 1987

Sisingamangaraja XIIThe engraving on banknote is made after this image of Sisingamangaraja XII.

Patuan Besar Ompu Pulo Batu, better known as Sisingamangaraja XII (1849 - 17 June 1907) was the last priest-king of the Batak peoples of north Sumatra. In the course of fighting a lengthy guerrilla war against the Dutch colonization of Sumatra from 1878 onwards, he was killed in a skirmish with Dutch troops in 1907. He was declared a National Hero of Indonesia in 1961 for his resistance to Dutch colonialism.

Top right is the National emblem of Indonesia.

garuda

It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, top left in words.

Revers:

1000 Rupees 1987

Sultan’s Palace (Kraton Yogyakarta)Sultan’s Palace (Kraton Yogyakarta).

Sultan’s Palace or Kraton in javanese language is grand and elegant architecture. Sultan’s Palace is located in the center of Yogyakarta city. Sultan’s Palace was build by Pangeran Mangkubumi in 1775, whose the prince, was then called Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. He choose the right place for the site of the building, right between Winongo River and Code Rivera swamp area that dried up then.

Sultan’s Palace stretches from north to south. The front yard of Sultan’s Palace is called Alun-alun Utara (North Square) and the back yard called Alun-alun Selatan (South Square). The design of this historical building demonstrates that the Palace, the obelisk (the Tugu, the column) and Mount Merapi positioned in one line. It is believed that the axis is blessed. In the old-times, Sri Sultan is used to concentrate his mind along this axis before leading a meeting, making decision or giving order to his people.

Each part of the building has its own name. Sultan’s Palace meeting hall is called Pagelaran, It is the place where formal meetings of the Kraton’s officials are held. Manguntur Tangkil Hall is the place where the Sultan has his seat. This hall is in the Siti Hinggil. Siti means ground/land, while Hinggil means high. So, it is called Siti Hinggil because the place where it was built is higher than any other ground around it. It was once a tiny island on the swamp. The front gate is called Danapratopo. Two giant statues called Gupala guard it. One is called Cingkorobolo and the other is Boloupoto. The two statues are perceived may protect the Sultan’s Palace from any harm or evil.

The main part of the Kraton is called Purworetno, a place where the Sultan performs his duties. Beside Purworetno, there are two-story buildings called Panti Sumbaga. This building is the Sultan’s private library. The building where the Sultan lives is called Gedong Kuning. Visitors of Sultan’s Palace can enjoy the atmosphere of the Kraton as it was centuries ago. Wedding ceremonies and Palace meetings often held with puppet shows help to recreate the ancient setting. Many sets of Gamelan instruments, antiques, and heirlooms make the Sultan’s Palace as one of the most interesting tourist site in Yogyakarta. Sultan’s Palace is the dwelling place of Sultan Hamengku Buwono X and his family.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners, in words in lower right corner.

Comments: