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100 Somoni 2017, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 27b
Years of issue: 2017
Signatures: President of Tajikistan: Эмомали Раҳмон, Chairman of the National Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan: Джамшед Нурмахмадзода
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 x 65
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Somoni 2017




Ismail Samani. Please, read obverse description!


100 Somoni 2017

Abū Ibrāhīm Ismā'īl ibn-i Aḥmad-i Sāmāni (Persian: ابو ابراهیم اسماعیل بن احمد سامانی; May 849 – 24 November 907), better known simply as Ismail-i Samani (اسماعیل سامانی), and also known as Isma'il ibn-i Ahmad (اسماعیل بن احمد), was the Samanid amir of Transoxiana (892–907) and Khorasan (900-907). His reign saw the emergence of the Samanids as a powerful force. He was the son of Ahmad ibn-i Asad and a descendant of Saman Khuda, the eponymous ancestor of the Samanid dynasty who renounced Zoroastrianism and embraced Islam.

The Samanids were native to Balkh, which suggests that they came from a Bactrian background. The family itself claimed to be the descendants of the Parthian Mihran family, one of the Seven Great Houses of Iran during the pre-Islamic Sasanian era. However, this was possibly a mere attempt to enhance their lineage. They may have been originally of Hephthalite descent, due to one of their coins resembling that of the same style of the Hephthalites, instead of the Sasanians. Regardless, the Samanid royal family both spoke and advocated Persian, and also used many pre-Islamic bureaucratic titles, probably part of their aim to spread the belief that their rule was a continuum of the Sasanian Empire.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan is in top right corner.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is on top, left of center.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

Although, left of center is the line with Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Mausoleum and tomb of Ismoili Somonī in Bukhara

Centered - Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, Uzbekistan. Ismail Samani is buried here.

There are so many interesting historical monuments in the world worthy of your attention, but only few of them are destined to remain among the memories of the people who have seen them, that is, without exaggeration, remain vivid for the rest of their lives. The famous mausoleum of the Samanids in Bukhara, without a doubt, is one such monument.

After a visit to the lively, noisy and crowded bazaar on a hot day, you will long for a rest in the shade of trees in the park located nearby. Strolling along the pedestrian zone in anticipation of a refreshing cup of tea while sitting on a tapchan in a chaikhana (teahouse), suddenly behind the trees you notice a structure of honey-sand color with a completely remarkable design.

You steer towards the monument that has caught your attention and stand before a miracle! In fact, no other name suffices for what stands before your very eyes. Your thirst is forgotten; only the desire to find out what building this is remains. Let us enlighten you. It is the Mausoleum of the Samanids, one of the most ancient architectural monuments on the territory of today's Uzbekistan and the most ancient site in Bukhara.

Ismail Samani, the head of the dynasty, commissioned the construction of the mausoleum above the tomb of his father, and he himself is buried here as well, together with his grandson Nasra. The mausoleum was constructed at the end of the 9th - beginning of the 10th centuries, and is a fabulous demonstration of the high level of development of science and construction during the epoch of the Samanids.

The monument is unique in many aspects. Here for the first time, such building materials as baked brick of Standard format are held together with a special ganch-based solution, providing the required strength. As Bukhara at the time was a world center for science, the most precise mathematical calculations were applied. The level of precision and the intricacy of the structure and layout are simply stunning.

Each time you visit, you may get a different perception of these walls and cupola, depending on the time of day, the angle of the light and the shadows playing on the bricks. It is incredibly beautiful - as in a Rembrandt painting, if you permit us the comparison. Laid horizontally and vertically, at different angles, the bricks take on various appearances, at once resembling wooden carvings, a wicker basket, a lacy pattern...

The foundation of the mausoleum is of an almost cubic shape, crowned with one large, and four small domes. All four facades of the mausoleum have an identical decor. In the center of each one stands an arch that connects the internal structure with the external. Each corner is flanked by a powerful three-quarter tower. The top arches connect to the light gallery. The mausoleum gives an impression of extreme lightness and at the same time solid construction, due to the elegant simplicity of its shape and the expressiveness of its decor.

Come to Bukhara! You will be convinced that the opportunity to see the mausoleum of the Samanids with your own eyes alone makes the trip worthwhile. (


100 Somoni 2017

The building of the executive office of the President of TajikistanThe building of the executive office of the President of Tajikistan

The former building of the executive office of the President of Tajikistan, on Rudaki Avenue, in Dushanbe, was built in 1957.

The building of the executive office of the President of Tajikistan

The building of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan, built in 1957, according to the design of the Honored Architect of the Republic Stefan Lukich Anisimov. During the Soviet years, the heads of Soviet Tajikistan Bobojan Gafurov, Tursunboy Uljabaev, Jabbor Rasulov, Rakhmon Nabiev, Kakhar Makhkamov worked in the building.

After independence, for 25 years, the presidential apparatus and government worked here, until, in 2016, they moved to a new building. Currently, the Dushanbe City Hall and the Tourism Committee are located here. ( .rus)

flagAbove the building is the flag of Tajikistan.

The national flag of Tajikistan (Tajik: Парчами Тоҷикистон / پرچم تاجیکستان) was adopted in November 1992, replacing the flag of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic of 1953. It is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and green with a width ratio of 2:3:2, charged with a crown surmounted by an arc of seven stars at the center.

The tricolour preserves the choice of colours in the Tajik Soviet flag.

The middle white stripe has one-and-a-half times the width of the red and green stripes. The red represents the unity of the nation; the green represents the fertile valleys, while the white represents both the snow and ice of the mountains and the colour of cotton.

The crown and stars are set in a rectangle taking up 80% of the flag's total width. The crown represents the Tajik people, as the name Tajik is connected with Persian tâj "crown" in popular etymology.


In English:" Counterfeit banknotes of the National Bank of Tajikistan shall be punished in accordance with the law."


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.