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50 Somoni 2018, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 26c
Years of issue: 2018
Signatures: President of Tajikistan: Эмомали Раҳмон, Chairman of the National Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan: Джамшед Нурмахмадзода
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 153 х 65
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Somoni 2018




Bobojon Ghafurov. Please, read obverse description!


50 Somoni 2018

Bobojon Ghafurov

Bobojon Gafurovich Ghafurov (18 December 1908 – 12 July 1977) (Tajik: Бобоҷон Ғафурович Ғафуров) or Babadzan Gafurovich Gafurov (Russian: Бободжан Гафурович Гафуров) was a Tajik historian, academician, and the author of several books published in Russian and Tajik, including History of Tajikistan and The Tajiks.

Ghafurov, the son of poet Roziya Ozod, was born in the village of Isfisar near Khujand in Tajikistan. He received his PhD from the Institute of History of the USSR Academy of Sciences in Moscow in 1941 with a dissertation on the History of the Isma'ili Sect. Ghafurov's book The Tajiks (Tojikon) is especially influential in modern Tajikistan. Instead of accepting that Tajiks were simply Uzbeks who "forgot their language", as Uzbek nationalists commonly argue, The Tajiks argues that Uzbeks were Turkified from the original Iranian population of Central Asia.

From 1944 to 1946, he was the Second Secretary and, from August 1946 to 24 May 1956, he was the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan. From 1956 to the end of his life, Ghafurov served as the Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, and as the editor of the Asia and Africa journal." The town of Ghafurov and Ghafurov district (formally known as Bobojon Ghafurov district), in the Sughd Province of Tajikistan, are named after him.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan is in top right corner.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is on top, left of center.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

Although, left of center is the line with Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Centered are the plant and the book by Gafurov The "Tajiks".

Kitobi Tochikon

Without knowing the history of your people, it is impossible to build a future. The history of mankind testifies that the Tajik people have been known since ancient times as a creative people and continue this ancient good tradition. The great sons of the Tajik people have always protected and defended the ancestral lands and national values of the Tajik people with honor, dignity, loyalty and courage. In the formation of every nation there are great people whose names will never be forgotten for the sake of the people. Fortunately, there are many such personalities in the history of civilization of the Tajik people, and they are not only the pride of our people, but also the pride of the peoples of the world. Academician Bobojon Gafurov is an honorary member of scientific organizations of foreign countries, an honorary doctor of a number of prestigious domestic and foreign organizations and universities, a laureate of the Javohirlal Nehru International Prize and awards from foreign countries. "Tajiks" represent the Tajik people. as a civilized and historic nation for past, present and future generations.

Academician Bobojon Gafurov is one of the greatest sons of the Tajik people, an honorary member of foreign scientific organizations, an honorary doctor of a number of prestigious domestic and foreign organizations and universities, a laureate of the Javohirlal Nehru International Prize and a recipient of awards from foreign countries. For past, present and future generations, Bobochon Gafurov's masterpiece, "Tajiks", represents the Tajik people as a civilized and historical nation. Academician Bobojon Gafurov's book "Tajiks" was published in 1972 and very quickly gained popularity. The hero of the Tajik people, academician Bobojon Gafurov worked tirelessly on the book “Tajiks,” which is considered the passport of the Tajik people. Over the years of research and development of this masterpiece, there were people who hated the nation and created obstacles in the historical and research activities of Bobojon Gafurov. This group of short-sighted people did not want the core values and continuation of the formation and creation of the Tajik people to be a source for future generations. However, despite these difficulties, the great son of the nation, academician Bobojon Gafurov, wrote “Tajiks. Ancient, Ancient and Medieval History” - a masterpiece of the Tajik people, which consists of an introduction and six chapters. This invaluable book contains detailed information, from the construction of a primitive society to the annexation of the Tajiks to Russia, with clear historical dates and events.

The President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Leader of the Nation Emomali Rahmon, in his speech on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the birth of academician Bobojon Gafurov in 2008, emphasized: “The book “Tajikis” was a flame that illuminated the dark pages of the history of the Tajik people.”

Bobojon Gafurov used all the written sources found at that time, as well as data from archaeology, linguistics, anthropology, numismatics and other sciences. In creating this book, he effectively used more than 2,000 domestic and foreign sources, monographs, brochures and scientific articles. This book, along with “Shahname” by Abulkasim Ferdowsi, “History of Bukhara” by Abubakr Narshahi and “Siyosatname” by Nizamulmulk, will serve as the passport of the Tajik people for future centuries.

Rarely in history can you find a political leader or politician who would simultaneously engage in two professions: scientific and leadership. It is gratifying that Bobojon Gafurov was one of these leaders. If in his leadership work he made consistent efforts for the formation and prosperity of Tajikistan, then in his scientific activities he founded the science of national history and oriental studies and devoted himself to the development of the rich history and culture of the Tajik people. During his life, the orientalist scholar Bobojon Gafurov left a rich heritage of cultural and historical works, the number of which can be estimated at approximately 400. Among these valuable works one can proudly name “Tajiks”, “History of the Tajik people in brief”, “Kushan period and the world civilization", "Study of the civilization of Central Asia", "Colonialism and the national liberation movement in the countries of Southeast Asia", "Al-Farabi in the history of civilization" and "Alexander the Great and the East". The book “Tajiks” by the outstanding thinker, Hero of Tajikistan Bobojon Gafurov is the best historical example, which has not lost its value for many years. It reflects the history of not only the Tajik people, but of all humanity. The President of the Republic of Tajikistan, Leader of the Nation Emomali Rahmon, in his Message to the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan (December 26, 2019), emphasized: “We must know our ancestors, honor them and be proud of our Aryan origin. In this regard, the Government of the country is entrusted with the purpose of in-depth study of the glorious history of our people to republish the fundamental work of academician Babajan Gafurov “Tajiks” at the expense of the Foundation of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and before the celebration of the 30th anniversary of State Independence, distribute it free of charge as a gift from the Head of State to every family in the country."

This noble and humanitarian step of the Head of State once again proves respect for national history, culture and the noble sons of the nation. In light of the far-sighted policy of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, we, Tajiks, need to know and respect the glorious history of our people, study the bright pages of heroism and courage of our ancestors and promote it as the basis of the idea of patriotism and devotion to the Motherland.

The scientific value of this fundamental work is enormous. Bobojon Gafurov, with his many years of hard work, introduced us and the peoples of the world to the pages of the bright history of our people. The main result of academician Bobojon Gafurov’s many years of work in the field of historiography is proof that the Tajik people are Aryans and the oldest people of Central Asia. He contributed to the formation of the national consciousness of the Tajik people. Bobojon Gafurov is the beloved son of the Motherland and the Tajik people. We can say with confidence that the good name of this great historian of the nation will forever remain in the memory of generations of the ancient, cultural and civilized Tajik people. (Валиев Давлатёр .rus)


50 Somoni 2018


Teahouse "Sino" on the territory of the Zumrad sanatorium, Isfara, Tajikistan.

The teahouse was built (commissioned) on June 1, 1988 and named after the ancient physician Avicenna.


There is no doubt that it is the Sino teahouse on the banknote, at least the inscriptions on the building testify to this. But....there is one point.

It's about the stairs. The banknote shows a staircase on two sides. I have not found a single photo on the Internet that would show such a staircase in the Sino teahouse.

But I found such a staircase near the Orom restaurant, which is also located in Isfara, but at the bus station. ( .rus)

flagAbove the building is the flag of Tajikistan.

The national flag of Tajikistan (Tajik: Парчами Тоҷикистон / پرچم تاجیکستان) was adopted in November 1992, replacing the flag of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic of 1953. It is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and green with a width ratio of 2:3:2, charged with a crown surmounted by an arc of seven stars at the center.

The tricolour preserves the choice of colours in the Tajik Soviet flag.

The middle white stripe has one-and-a-half times the width of the red and green stripes. The red represents the unity of the nation; the green represents the fertile valleys, while the white represents both the snow and ice of the mountains and the colour of cotton.

The crown and stars are set in a rectangle taking up 80% of the flag's total width. The crown represents the Tajik people, as the name Tajik is connected with Persian tâj "crown" in popular etymology.


In English:" Counterfeit banknotes of the National Bank of Tajikistan shall be punished in accordance with the law."


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.