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1 Somoni 2010, Tajikistan

in Krause book Number: 14a
Years of issue: 2010
Signatures: President of Tajikistan: Эмомали Раҳмон, Chairman of the National Bank of the Republic of Tajikistan: Муродалӣ Маҳмадиевич Алимардон
Serie: 2000 Issue
Specimen of: 1999
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 141 x 65
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Somoni 2010




Mirzo Tursun-zade. Please, read obverse description!


1 Somoni 2010

Мирзо Турсунзода

Mirzo Tursun-zade (Mirzo Tursunzoda; 1911, Karatag - 1977, Dushanbe) - Tajik Soviet poet. People's Poet of the Tajik SSR (1961). Hero of Socialist Labor (1967). Hero of Tajikistan (2001, posthumously). Laureate of the Lenin Prize (1960) and the Stalin Prize of the second degree (1948). Member of the CPSU(b) since 1941.

Born on April 19 (May 2), 1911 in the village of Karatag (now the city of Tursunzade, Tajikistan), in the family of a blacksmith.

Prominent statesman and public figure, deputy of the USSR Supreme Council, member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan, Chairman of the Soviet Committee for Solidarity of Asian and African Countries, member of the Soviet Peace Committee, member of the All-Union Committee for Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR in the field of literature, art and architecture, chairman of the Tajik Republican Peace Committee, Chairman of the Committee for Awarding State Prizes of the Tajik SSR named after. Rudaki, member of the editorial board of the poet's library of the publishing house "Soviet Writer" and the 200-volume library of world literature, member of the Main Editorial Board of the Tajik Soviet Encyclopedia, full member of the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik SSR (since 1951).

Mirzo Tursunzade became a classic during his lifetime. He wrote in Russian and Tajik. Almost all of the poet’s works have been translated into Russian and have been published several times in republican and all-Union presses, in literary collections, and as separate books. Translated into Tajik many works of Russian writers and writers of the USSR republics: A. S. Pushkin, T. G. Shevchenko, N. A. Nekrasov, Dzhambul, Shota Rustaveli, Sh. R. Rashidov, Zulfiya and others.

Tursun-zade signed a Letter from a group of Soviet writers to the editors of the newspaper Pravda on August 31, 1973 about Solzhenitsyn and Sakharov.

In 1925 he entered a Soviet school. He studied at the Dushanbe boarding school and pedagogical college. In 1930 he graduated from the Tajik Institute of Education in Tashkent. He worked as the head and executive secretary of the newspaper "Komsomol Tojikiston", the head of the literary department of the Leninabad Musical Drama Theater. A. S. Pushkin.

In 1935 he worked at the Writers' Union of Tajikistan, was the head of the organizational and mass department and the head of the drama section. In 1939 he was elected Chairman of the Board of the Writers' Union. In 1942 he headed Glavlit, and in 1943 - the Republican Arts Administration. Since 1959, Mirzo Tursun-zade has been Secretary of the Board of the Union of Writers of the USSR.

Died on September 24, 1977 in Dushanbe. The great son of Tajikistan was buried in Dushanbe at the “Luchob Cemetery”: the tomb mausoleum of Mirzo Tursun-zade was built on Luchob Hill.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan is in top right corner.


The emblem of the National Bank of Tajikistan shows three snow-capped ridges - Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs (same as on the coat of arms).


The State Emblem of Tajikistan is on top, left of center.

It is a modified version of the original emblem of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic that was in use until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The crown at the center of the emblem is the same as the Tajik national flag, and refers to the Persian word taj, meaning crown, from which the name of the Tajik people is said to be derived, according to one interpretation. The base of the emblem contains a representation of a book and the Pamir Mountains. The emblem is flanked by cotton on one side and wheat on the other, as well a banner of the national red-white-green colors of Tajikistan is wrapped around the cotton and wheat.

According to M.Revnivtsev, the "crown", depicted in the center of the national flag and coat of arms in the upper part of Tajikistan, includes three stylized fixtures - three sacred inextinguishable fire that are the subject of religious worship in the Zoroastrian temples. A central element of "crown" symbolizes the world mountain Hara, located in the center of the world, and the curved arc of gold at the bottom of the emblem represents "retaliation bridge" Chinvat, where the Day of Judgment Zarathustra will separate the righteous from the wicked soul.

Seven gold five-pointed stars, according M.Revnivtsev, represent one of the basic concepts of Zoroastrianism - the seven good spirits Amesha Spenta - incarnation and inner circle of the supreme god Ahura Mazda (Ormuzd). Located along the arc of a circle of gold stars form Farn - sun shining beginning, the divine fire, its material emanation from analogue halo of Christian saints.

21 sunbeam - repeated three times in the group at 7-rays - represent the three emanations of Ahura Mazda with 7 good spirits Amesha Spenta.

Golden Mountains with silver tops - snow-capped ridges Alai, Zaalaysky Mountains and the Pamirs.

Wheat ears - a symbol of agriculture and settled life, inherited, like the rising sun, the emblem of the Soviet Union.

Although, left of center is the line with Tajik national ornament (pattern).

Centered are the green globe and an outline of Tajikistan.


1 Somoni 2010


The old building of the National Bank of Tajikistan on Ave. Rudaki, 107a in Dushanbe.

I am not sure of the accuracy of the following information, it is being verified!

The construction of this now demolished building, the main office of the National Bank, began in the late 1980s: the building was erected for the Central Committee of the Komsomol of Tajikistan. In the second half of the 1990s, the bank acquired the unfinished building, completed construction and moved there on December 21, 2005.

flagAbove the building is the flag of Tajikistan.

The national flag of Tajikistan (Tajik: Парчами Тоҷикистон / پرچم تاجیکستان) was adopted in November 1992, replacing the flag of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic of 1953. It is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and green with a width ratio of 2:3:2, charged with a crown surmounted by an arc of seven stars at the center.

The tricolour preserves the choice of colours in the Tajik Soviet flag.

The middle white stripe has one-and-a-half times the width of the red and green stripes. The red represents the unity of the nation; the green represents the fertile valleys, while the white represents both the snow and ice of the mountains and the colour of cotton.

The crown and stars are set in a rectangle taking up 80% of the flag's total width. The crown represents the Tajik people, as the name Tajik is connected with Persian tâj "crown" in popular etymology.


In English:" Counterfeit banknotes of the National Bank of Tajikistan shall be punished in accordance with the law."


The somoni (Tajik: cомонӣ) is the currency of Tajikistan. It is subdivided into 100 diram (Tajik: дирам). The currency is named after the father of the Tajik nation, Ismail Samani (also spelled Ismoil Somoni).

The somoni was introduced on 30 October 2000; it replaced the Tajikistani ruble, at the rate of 1 somoni = 1000 rubles.

The currency is divided into 100 diram for one somoni. Diram banknotes were first introduced on 30 October 2000 to start the currency off and coins were introduced later in 2001 with the intention of creating a more efficient monetary system and gradually replacing the diram notes. This was also the first time circulating coins were introduced in Tajikistan.