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10000 Manat 1998, Turkmenistan

in Krause book Number: 11
Years of issue: 1998
Signatures: Chairman of the Central Bank of Turkmenistan: Orazow Hudaýberdy Artykowiç (1993 - 2000)
Serie: 1995 Issue
Specimen of: 1996
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 165 х 78
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10000 Manat 1998




Akhal-Teke horse.


Depiction of former President Saparmurat Niyazov's pet, Akhal-Teke horse, Yanardag, a source of pride for the Turkmen people and the national emblem.

The Akhal-Teke is a horse breed from Turkmenistan, where they are a national emblem. They have a reputation for speed and endurance, intelligence, and a distinctive metallic sheen. The shiny coat of palominos and buckskins led to their nickname "Golden Horses". These horses are adapted to severe climatic conditions and are thought to be one of the oldest existing horse breeds. There are currently about 6,600 Akhal-Tekes in the world, mostly in Turkmenistan and Russia, although they are also found throughout Europe and North America.

There are several theories regarding the original ancestry of the Akhal-Teke, some dating back thousands of years. The tribes of Turkmenistan selectively bred the horses, recording their pedigrees orally and using them for raiding. The breed was used in the losing fight against the Russian Empire, and was subsumed into the Empire along with its country. The Akhal-Teke has influenced many other breeds, including several Russian breeds. There has been extensive crossbreeding with the Thoroughbred to create a fast, long-distance racehorse and as a result all Akhal-Tekes have a Thoroughbred ancestor. The studbook was closed in 1932. The Russians printed the first stud book for the breed in 1941, including over 700 horses.


10000 Manat 1998


The engraving on banknote is based, presumably, after this photo of former Turkmen president Niyazov.

Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (Saparmurat Atayewiç Nyýazow, 19 February 1940 - 21 December 2006) was a Turkmen politician who served as the leader of Turkmenistan from 1985 until his death in 2006. He was First Secretary of the Turkmen Communist Party from 1985 until 1991 and continued to lead Turkmenistan for 15 years after independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Tuerkmenbashi Koeshgi

The Turkmenbashi Palace is located in the center of Ashgabat, on Independence Square, next to the modern Oguzhan palace complex. The Turkmenbashi Palace was the official residence of the first president of Turkmenistan. The palace, decorated in oriental style, was erected on the site of several blocks of private houses, in 1994-1997, according to the project of architect R. Bellon.

The pediment of the main entrance of the palace is decorated with a gilded bas-relief of the first president of Turkmenistan, Saparmurat Niyazov, and the central part of the palace is crowned with a huge golden dome. When decorating the interior halls, white marble and expensive woods were used. More than 70 million dollars were spent on the construction of the palace.

In the center of the hall on the first floor is the main staircase that leads to the second floor, to the office of the head of state. The floors of the palace are covered with handmade carpets, and in one of the rooms there is a geographical map embroidered on the carpet. National ornaments were used as decorations. After the death of S. Niyazov in 2006, it became known simply as the "Presidential Palace". ( .rus)


10000 Manat 1998

The State Emblem of Turkmenistan

The central part of the state emblem is depicted on the banknote.

The State Emblem of Turkmenistan was created after Turkmenistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The eight-point green starburst (known as the Rub El Hizb), a symbol of Islam, to which a majority of Turkmen profess) with golden edges features in its center a red circular disc which carries sheaves of wheat, five carpet guls, and centered upon that a smaller blue circle with a lifelike (rather than heraldized) depiction of former President Saparmurat Niyazov's pet Akhal-Teke horse Yanardag, a source of pride for the Turkmen people. A round variant of the emblem was used from 1992 until 2003.

The five traditional carpet motifs on the red disc represent the five major tribes or houses, and stand for the traditional and religious values of the country. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Arsary (Ersary), Chowdur (Choudur), and Saryk (Saryq). The Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period, are not represented, nor are several smaller tribes or subtribes.

The green and red colors appear in this shield because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The central elements are surrounded by sheaves of wheat that allude to the custom to welcome to guests with salt and bread. Atop the wheat and the red circle appear a waxing crescent moon of white, typical of Turkic symbology, and five five-pointed stars also of white. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (Welayatlar) of Turkmenistan-Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, and Mary. Most of the elements of the coat of arms are present in the national flag.

Saparmyrat Hajy metjidiSaparmyrat Hajy metjidi

The Saparmyrat Hajji (Turkmen: Saparmyrat Hajy metjidi) is a mosque in Gökdepe, Turkmenistan. Commissioned in memory of the defenders of Gökdepe Fortress, it was built between 1994 and 1995, during the presidency of President Saparmyrat Nyýazow. The mosque - with its blue dome and four minarets - is a prominent landmark in Gökdepe.

Ashgabat architect Kakajan Durdyyev designed the structure. The mosque was opened in 1995 and named in honour of President of Turkmenistan Saparmyrat Nyýazow's Hajj in 1992. The tender went to Bouygues in 1994, who had the mosque built in one year.

In 2008, Turkish firm SUR Turizm Inşaat Ticaret ve sanayi LTD STI renovated the mosque, and additionally designed and built ritual banquet facilities with capacity of 1,000 guests plus the Gökdepe National Museum located on the mosque's grounds. The contract included landscaping of the surrounding territory. The cost of reconstruction plus building the banquet hall and museum was cited as $34 million.

The mosque has a dark green dome in the center, surrounded by four half-domes of lower height but same shade. The interior of the mosque is a square hall - extending outside to a square courtyard. Four minarets, each having a height of 63 meters, were installed at the four corners of this courtyard to represent the age of Muhammad. Adjacent to the mosque in the east, is a two-floored complex centered around a star-shaped pool. Small white domes adorn the perimeter of the complex's ceiling as well as the mosque courtyard.

A chandelier - сhaving 260 lamps - hangs from the center of the mosque. The walls are embossed with motifs of traditional Turkmen carpets while the interior of all domes are decorated with pastel blue designs. The mosque is reported to have a capacity for 8,000 worshipers.