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20 Manat 1995, Turkmenistan

in Krause book Number: 4b
Years of issue: 1995
Signatures: Chairman of the Central Bank of Turkmenistan: Orazow Hudaýberdy Artykowiç (1993 - 2000)
Serie: 1993 Issue
Specimen of: 1993
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 139 × 69
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Manat 1995




Akhal-Teke horse.


Depiction of former President Saparmurat Niyazov's pet, Akhal-Teke horse, Yanardag, a source of pride for the Turkmen people and the national emblem.

The Akhal-Teke is a horse breed from Turkmenistan, where they are a national emblem. They have a reputation for speed and endurance, intelligence, and a distinctive metallic sheen. The shiny coat of palominos and buckskins led to their nickname "Golden Horses". These horses are adapted to severe climatic conditions and are thought to be one of the oldest existing horse breeds. There are currently about 6,600 Akhal-Tekes in the world, mostly in Turkmenistan and Russia, although they are also found throughout Europe and North America.

There are several theories regarding the original ancestry of the Akhal-Teke, some dating back thousands of years. The tribes of Turkmenistan selectively bred the horses, recording their pedigrees orally and using them for raiding. The breed was used in the losing fight against the Russian Empire, and was subsumed into the Empire along with its country. The Akhal-Teke has influenced many other breeds, including several Russian breeds. There has been extensive crossbreeding with the Thoroughbred to create a fast, long-distance racehorse and as a result all Akhal-Tekes have a Thoroughbred ancestor. The studbook was closed in 1932. The Russians printed the first stud book for the breed in 1941, including over 700 horses.


20 Manat 1995


The engraving on banknote is based, presumably, after this photo of former Turkmen president Niyazov.

Saparmurat Atayevich Niyazov (Saparmurat Atayewiç Nyýazow, 19 February 1940 - 21 December 2006) was a Turkmen politician who served as the leader of Turkmenistan from 1985 until his death in 2006. He was First Secretary of the Turkmen Communist Party from 1985 until 1991 and continued to lead Turkmenistan for 15 years after independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

National library (Aşğabat)

Ashgabat. The former building of the Turkmen State Library named after Makhtumkuli (Former Library named after Karl Marx, National Library of Turkmenistan named after Niyazov).

Today - the National Library of Turkmenistan.

Massive, gravitating towards brutalism, the National Library (architect A.R. Akhmedov and others, 1964 - 1976). The strict three-storey building of the library rests on a stylobate, including stairs, ramps, retaining walls, lawns, pools and drains.


20 Manat 1995

The State Emblem of Turkmenistan

The central part of the state emblem is depicted on the banknote.

The State Emblem of Turkmenistan was created after Turkmenistan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The eight-point green starburst (known as the Rub El Hizb), a symbol of Islam, to which a majority of Turkmen profess) with golden edges features in its center a red circular disc which carries sheaves of wheat, five carpet guls, and centered upon that a smaller blue circle with a lifelike (rather than heraldized) depiction of former President Saparmurat Niyazov's pet Akhal-Teke horse Yanardag, a source of pride for the Turkmen people. A round variant of the emblem was used from 1992 until 2003.

The five traditional carpet motifs on the red disc represent the five major tribes or houses, and stand for the traditional and religious values of the country. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Arsary (Ersary), Chowdur (Choudur), and Saryk (Saryq). The Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period, are not represented, nor are several smaller tribes or subtribes.

The green and red colors appear in this shield because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The central elements are surrounded by sheaves of wheat that allude to the custom to welcome to guests with salt and bread. Atop the wheat and the red circle appear a waxing crescent moon of white, typical of Turkic symbology, and five five-pointed stars also of white. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (Welayatlar) of Turkmenistan-Ahal, Balkan, Dashhowuz, Lebap, and Mary. Most of the elements of the coat of arms are present in the national flag.

Astana-babaň kümmeti

The mausoleum of Astana-baba (Turkm. Astana-babaň kümmeti) is located in Turkmenistan on the territory of the Kerkinsky etrap of the Lebap velayat. The local population calls either the mazar of Astana-baba, or the tomb of the brothers Zeid-Ali and Zuveid-Ali and the tomb of their wives - Gyzlar-bibi.

The mausoleum is a part of the memorial complex consisting of a mosque and a tomb. As a matter of fact they are several buildings constructed in various periods. They stay so closely to each other that it is difficult to imagine the original shape of the structure. The mausoleum of Astana-baba is a XIth - XIIth-century monument of architecture. It is the place of "zyuarat" - a regular ritual of worshipping of holy men observed by visiting pilgrims. No one knows for sure who Astana-baba was. But the place where the mausoleum stands is considered sacred and healing. Thousands of sick people gather there annually to receive long-awaited healing. The number of pilgrims grows with each day.

Astana-baba complex includes the mausoleums of Zed-Ali and Zuveid-Ali. The legend about them runs: "The ruler of Balkh (medieval Khurasan) had a beautiful daughter Zuveida. She married the viceroy of the territory but soon after the wedding she died. The mournful father brought the best masters from Merv and Samarkand so that they constructed a beautiful mausoleum in his daughter's memory. However, the mausoleum collapsed right after it had been built.

The same happened to another one and so did to the third. The father was desperate but soon afterwards he saw an old man in his dream. The old man advised him to erect the mausoleum from clay and the water brought from Mecca. The inconsolable father did as he had been told. The soil was mixed with the clay brought from Mecca and the water from Mecca was poured into a well and was used for construction. Soon the mausoleum was completed and after the death of the ruler his body was buried next to his daughter ".

The water in the well was used for the construction of the mausoleum of Zeid-Ali and Zuveid-Ali and is considered holy. ( (Lyussita Kekilliyewa)