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500 Rials 2017, Yemen

in Banknotes Book Number: 128
Years of issue: 30.11.2017
Signatures: Governor of the Central Bank: Mohamed Awad Bin Humam (in office from 2010 till 2016)
Serie: 2017 & 2018 Issue
Specimen of: 2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 157 х 68
Printer: Гознак, Московская печатная фабрика, филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

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500 Rials 2017




Denomination, coat of arms.


The coat of arms (emblem) of Yemen depicts a golden eagle holding a scroll in its claws. Arabic is written on it. الجمهورية اليمنية‎ or Al-Jumhuriya-al-Yamania (Republic of Yemen). On either side of the eagle are the national flags of Yemen.

On the chest of the eagle is a shield. In the shield, on top - a coffee tree. Yemen is considered the birthplace of the coffee drink. Although the coffee tree came to Yemen from Ethiopia, it is from Yemen that the drink begins its triumphant journey to the Arabs, Turks, to the countries of European culture, and from Europeans to the New World. It is from the Yemeni plantations (south of Arabia - “Happy Arabia” of antiquity) that the best coffee variety was called “arabica”, and from the Yemeni port of Mocha - “mocha”.

At the bottom of the shield is a golden dam and four blue wavy lines. This is the famous Marib Dam. The city of Marib is the capital of the ancient state of Saba.

The city flourished thanks to the famous half-kilometer Marib dam (VII century BC) on Wadi Denna (Danakh). The destruction of the Marib dam in the VI century. n. e. even mentioned in the Quran.


500 Rials 2017

مَسْجِد ٱلْمُحْضَارمَسْجِد ٱلْمُحْضَار

Al-Muhdar Mosque (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلْمُحْضَار, romanized: Masjid Al-Muḥḍār) or Al-Mihdar Mosque (Arabic: مَسْجِد ٱلْمِحْضَار, romanized: Masjid Al-Miḥḍār) is one of the historical mosques in the ancient city of Tarim, in the Yemeni province of Hadramaut. It is attributed to Omar Al-Mihdar bin Abdul-Rahman Al-Saqqaf (Arabic: عُمَر ٱلْمِحْضَار بِن عَبْد ٱلرَّحْمَٰن ٱلسَّقَّاف, romanized: ʿUmar al-Miḥḍār bin ʿAbd Ar-Raḥmān As-Saqqāf), a Muslim leader who lived in the city during the XV-century.

The building is characterized by Islamic geometric design. Its layout consists of an open courtyard surrounded by four corridors, the biggest of which contains the qiblah, which is adorned with three exquisite frescoes decorated with geometric, floral and scriptural motifs. In the center of the qibla corridor, there is the iconic minaret, which at about 50 meters high is the highest mudbrick structure on Earth. It is square-shaped and there is a staircase reaching to the top inside. It was built around 1914 CE (1333 AH), and is built of adobe.

مَسْجِد ٱلْمُحْضَار

This minaret was designed by the architect 'Awad Salman 'Afif al-Tarimi (Arabic: عَوَض سَلْمَان عَفِيْف ٱلتَّرِيْمِي, romanized: ʿAwaḍ Salmān ʿAfīf At-Tarīmī), who had already carried out many designs and constructions of clay lattices and domes, and the maintenance and supervision were conducted by Abu Bakr bin Shihab (d. 1345 AH). It is considered one of the most important architectural sites and destinations for visitors and researchers of the city of Tarim.

Al-Ahqaf Library occupies the ground floor of the mosque building, which was built to accommodate the need to store the large number of manuscripts in the city of Tarim and neighboring cities. Tarim has been considered a distinguished Islamic scientific center since the X-century in Wadi Hadramaut region.

To the right and left of the Mosque are shown, I think, stylized Qamariya windows.


500 Rials 2017

Dar al-HajarDar al-HajarDar al-Hajar

The Dar al-Hajar (Arabic: دار الحجر, "Stone House" or "Rock Palace") is a former royal palace located in Wadi Dhar about 15 kilometers from Sana'a, Yemen. Built in the 1920s as the summer retreat of Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, ruler of Yemen from 1904 to 1948, it sits on top of a structure built in 1786 for the scholar al-Imam Mansour. The palace stayed in the royal family until the Yemen revolution of 1962. The palace is now a museum. In 1974, Pier Paolo Pasolini used the palace as the home of Princess Dunya in his film The Arabian Nights.

On right side is the Qamariya window of the The Dar al-Hajar.