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200 Rials 2018, Yemen

in Krause book Number: 132
Years of issue: 11.09.2018
Edition:
Signatures: Governor of the Central Bank: Mohamed Awad Bin Humam (in office from 2010 till 2016)
Serie: 2017 & 2018 Issue
Specimen of: 2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 69
Printer: Гознак, Московская печатная фабрика, филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

200 Rials 2018

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Denomination, coat of arms.

coat

The coat of arms (emblem) of Yemen depicts a golden eagle holding a scroll in its claws. Arabic is written on it. الجمهورية اليمنية‎ or Al-Jumhuriya-al-Yamania (Republic of Yemen). On either side of the eagle are the national flags of Yemen.

On the chest of the eagle is a shield. In the shield, on top - a coffee tree. Yemen is considered the birthplace of the coffee drink. Although the coffee tree came to Yemen from Ethiopia, it is from Yemen that the drink begins its triumphant journey to the Arabs, Turks, to the countries of European culture, and from Europeans to the New World. It is from the Yemeni plantations (south of Arabia - “Happy Arabia” of antiquity) that the best coffee variety was called “arabica”, and from the Yemeni port of Mocha - “mocha”.

At the bottom of the shield is a golden dam and four blue wavy lines. This is the famous Marib Dam. The city of Marib is the capital of the ancient state of Saba.

The city flourished thanks to the famous half-kilometer Marib dam (VII century BC) on Wadi Denna (Danakh). The destruction of the Marib dam in the VI century. n. e. even mentioned in the Quran.

Avers:

200 Rials 2018

Al Hudaydah

Eastern gate of the historic city of Zabid, Al Hudaydah Governorate, Yemen.

The historical city of Zabid is one of the ancient cities of Yemen, located in the west of the country, 30 kilometers from the Red Sea coast, in the province of Hodeida. It gained its fame thanks to its rich history and outstanding archaeological sites. The city of Zabid in the period from the XIII to the XV century was the capital of Yemen and is considered the first Muslim city in Yemen. Until the 13th century, the city served as the center of the early Yemeni states, represented by the Ziyadid and Najahid dynasties. The city of Zabid is divided into four parts: Kharatulmujambal, Kharatuljami, Kharatulliy, Kharatuldzhiz. In Haratulmujambal there is a mosque of the famous associate of Abu Musa al-Ashari. This place is considered the highest and most ancient place in Zabid. For many centuries, Zabid played an important cultural and religious role throughout the Arab-Muslim world, as the Islamic University was located here, which was the center of Islamic science. All over the world, Zabid was known for its ancient, unique architecture of residential and military buildings. In 1993, the city was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and in 2000 it was already on the “red list” of objects close to destruction. The lack of concern for the preservation of the architectural sights of the old city and its development led to the fact that in 2012 UNESCO warned the Yemeni authorities about the possible exclusion of the city of Zabid from the World Heritage List. (tury.club)

To the right and left of the gate are shown, I think, stylized Qamariya windows.

Revers:

200 Rials 2018

Hauf National Park

Landscape at Hauf National Park in Al-Mahrah Governorate.

Hauf Nature Reserve (Haff District, in the province of Al-Mahra, in Yemen).

In August 2002, the Hauf area was nominated as a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is currently listed as a Preliminary World Heritage Site. It is about 2 hours drive from the border of the Sultanate of Oman and 180 km. from Salalah, one of the largest cities in Oman.

On the right is the mihrab of the mosque - which one is not yet clear. The issue is in search!

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