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1000 Rials 2017, Yemen

in Krause book Number: 129c
Years of issue: 05.06.2017
Signatures: Governor of the Central Bank: Mohamed Awad Bin Humam (in office from 2010 till 2016)
Serie: 2017 & 2018 Issue
Specimen of: 2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 155 х 69
Printer: Гознак, Московская печатная фабрика, филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

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1000 Rials 2017




Denomination, coat of arms.


The coat of arms (emblem) of Yemen depicts a golden eagle holding a scroll in its claws. Arabic is written on it. الجمهورية اليمنية‎ or Al-Jumhuriya-al-Yamania (Republic of Yemen). On either side of the eagle are the national flags of Yemen.

On the chest of the eagle is a shield. In the shield, on top - a coffee tree. Yemen is considered the birthplace of the coffee drink. Although the coffee tree came to Yemen from Ethiopia, it is from Yemen that the drink begins its triumphant journey to the Arabs, Turks, to the countries of European culture, and from Europeans to the New World. It is from the Yemeni plantations (south of Arabia - “Happy Arabia” of antiquity) that the best coffee variety was called “arabica”, and from the Yemeni port of Mocha - “mocha”.

At the bottom of the shield is a golden dam and four blue wavy lines. This is the famous Marib Dam. The city of Marib is the capital of the ancient state of Saba.

The city flourished thanks to the famous half-kilometer Marib dam (VII century BC) on Wadi Denna (Danakh). The destruction of the Marib dam in the VI century. n. e. even mentioned in the Quran.


1000 Rials 2017


Seiyun Palace was the royal residence of the sultan of Kathiri, located in the town of Seiyun in the Hadhramaut region, Yemen. It is one of the world’s largest mud-brick structures.

It was completed in the 1920s when the central Hadhramaut province was part of the British protectorate of Aden. At present it is a museum. It opened its doors to the public in 1984. It was closed at the start of the Yemeni Civil War when Al-Qaeda entered Hadramawt.

Because of the ongoing conflict, it is at "risk of collapse". That left it vulnerable to the 2020 Yemen flood that killed dozens of people.

The museum showcases items excavated in the province, including tombstones that date back to the Stone Age and the dawn of civilisation in Yemen. There are also Bronze Age statues, and pottery and ancient manuscripts from the pre-Islamic period. However, its most prized possessions are stashed away, for fear that one of Yemen's warring groups could target them.

It resembles a giant sandcastle with turrets at its corners. It is seven stories tall and overlooks the town.

To the right and left of the Palace are shown, I think, stylized Qamariya windows.


1000 Rials 2017

باب اليمن‎

Bâb el-Yemen and a view in Sana.

The Yemen Gate or Gate of Yemen (Arabic: باب اليمن, romanized: Bâb el-Yemen) is the main gate of Sana's old fortified wall, on the southern extremity of the walled city. Its current appearance dates to the XVII century, having been designed by Sam the son of Noah. Today, it is the most ornate of the gates of Sana's Old City. Passengers travelling southward, en route to Ma'bar and Dhamar, would depart from this gate.

As one enters the gate, one quickly notices the Yemeni architecture, high towering houses made of baked bricks decorated and waterproofed with lime plaster and qadad, one of the characteristic features of Sana's Old City. Many of the houses make use of decorative windows, designed as fanlights fitted with stained glass, enclosed within muntins of gypsum plaster and lime-coated sash. Windows that are typical of the Old City of Sana'a are the alabaster qamariyyah, and the stained glass fanlight (‘aqd mulawwan). The Great Mosque of Sana'a is located about 300 yards from the Yemen Gate. The old city of Sana'a is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its unique architectural characteristics, most notably expressed in its multi-storey buildings decorated with geometric patterns.

The brass rings on the left and right columns at the entrance of the Yemen Gate were made by Jewish artisans during the period of the monarchy under the Imams.

Opposite Bab al-Yaman to the north of the Old City is Bab es-Sha'ub.

باب اليمن‎

Sana'a (Sana; Arabic صنعاء‎) is the capital and largest city of Yemen. Sana'a is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities and one of the highest capitals in the world (2200 meters).

In 1986, the Old City of Sana'a was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List and has a distinctive architectural character, especially expressed in multi-storey buildings decorated with geometric patterns. As a result of the invasion of Yemen, since 2015, the forces of the Saudi coalition destroyed the Old City.

باب اليمن‎

The white minaret of the al-Jami' al-Kabir bi-San'ah mosque is visible in the background.

The Great Mosque of Sana'a (Arabic: الجامع الكبير بصنعاء‎, al-Jāmiʿ al-Kabīr bi-Ṣanʿāʾ) is an ancient mosque in Sana'a, Yemen, and one of the oldest mosques in the world. The mosque is said to have been founded in the early Islamic period, suggested to be in 633. While the precise date of construction is unknown, the earliest recorded renovations occurred under Caliph al-Walid I in the early VIII century, implying a possible earlier date of construction. The mosque was reportedly built in part from spolia from the Himyarite-era Ghumdan Palace and from the Axumite Christian Church of al-Qalis that formerly occupied the site. The Great Mosque is the largest and most notable of over one hundred mosques in the Old City of Sana’a.

The building has undergone renovations in the VIII century, the XIII century, and in the Ottoman period. An important archaeological find was the Sana'a manuscript, discovered there during restoration in 1972. Today, the Great Mosque of Sana’a is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Old City of Sana'a.

باب اليمن‎

On right side is the Window of the mosque al-Jami' al-Kabir bi-San'ah.