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500 Pesos Oro 2017, Dominican Republic

Hans-Ludwig Grabowski Katalog. Band 10. Number: 192d
Years of issue: 2017
Signatures: Gobernador del Banco Central: Héctor Manuel Valdez Albizu, Ministro de Hacienda: Donald Guerrero Ortíz (in office August 16, 2016 - August 16, 2020)
Serie: 2014 - 2021 Modified Design Issue
Specimen of: 2014
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 x 67
Printer: De la Rue currency,Gateshead

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500 Pesos Oro 2017




Juan Pablo Duarte. Denomination 500.


500 Pesos Oro 2017

On banknote are Pedro Henríquez Ureña and Salomé Ureña Díaz de Henríquez.

Pedro Henriquez Urena

Pedro Henríquez Ureña (June 29, 1884 - May 11, 1946) was a Dominican essayist, philosopher, humanist, philologist and literary critic.

Pedro Henríquez Ureña was born in Santo Domingo, the third of four siblings. Henríquez's father was Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal, a doctor and politician who was also an intellectual who maintained permanent contact with the most important representatives of the Hispanic Modernism movements from the early XX century. Henríquez Carvajal would become president of the Republic for a brief period in 1916, before the American occupation. He descended from Jews who immigrated in the 19th century from Curaçao. His mother was the eminent poet and feminist Salomé Ureña. Both played a key role in Pedro's formation and education. His brother, Max, and sister, Camila, were also writers.

The young Pedro traveled to Mexico in 1906, where he lived until 1913. About these times he wrote in Horas de estudio. In these years he also wrote about philosophical criticism, specially the seriousness of the thought. Here he made his criticism of positivismo, being one of the first in the Hispanic America, in his articles "El positivismo de Comte" and "El positivismo independiente".

In 1914, in Cuba, he defined what according to him a good critic must be: a flexible scholar who knows how to adopt any point of view. But mainly he must know the spirit of the time and the country he is studying. The critic will always be tributary of the values of the society to which he belongs and thus must fight against them. He obtains his flexibility, sometimes without proposing to it.

Between 1915 and 1916 Henríquez Ureña worked as a journalist in the United States, living in Washington and New York. In this last year he joined the faculty at the University of Minnesota where he taught until 1921. No doubt his travels influenced his work and his thinking. His humanism and Americanism - that is, his firm defense of Hispanic-American cultural values - made him write a final lecture for the Club of International Relations of the University of Minnesota about the "intervencionist policy of the United States in all the Caribbean", since his own nation had been invaded in 1916. In 1921 he traveled to Mexico where his americanismo would acquire a new vigor. Influenced by this atmosphere of enthusiasm towards the culture, he wrote his famous article "The utopia of America".

In 1923 he married Isabel Lombardo Toledano, sister of the famous union leader Vicente Lombardo Toledano. The two had a daughter, Natacha, the following year.

He went to La Plata in Argentina to continue with the study of literature to explain la expresión americana, to try to reach a language that would clarify the fundamental object of its investigation, the American continent. America is for Henríquez Ureña somewhat similar to a text that must be explained and nothing better for the interpretation of that text that the study of the totality of its language. The language is the system par excellence, since through it we registered and we organized our perceptions of the outer world. For that reason the differences of the American Spanish, not only took us to the knowledge to a phonetic study of the region but of the geographic area that each dialectal zone describes. Henríquez Ureña dedicated his research more directly towards linguistics when in 1930 he moved to Buenos Aires, to exert the position of Secretary in the Institute of Philology directed by Amado Alonso.

He was the first Spanish speaker invited to teach at the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures in 1940-1941. As results he wrote and published "Literary Currents in Hispanic America" in 1945.

For Henríquez Ureña, linguistics was a form to analyze in a scientific way the power of the American word, its wealth and its evolution through time. He sustained that language was one of the main instruments that would give rise to a social transformation in the America of the future.

He died in 1946, after suffering a heart attack during his daily commute from Buenos Aires to La Plata. He had been in the process of grading and correcting students' work.

Salomé Ureña Díaz de Henríquez

Salomé Ureña Díaz de Henríquez (October 21, 1850 - March 6, 1897) was a Dominican poet and teacher, being one of the central figures of 19th-century lyrical poetry and advocator for women’s education in the Dominican Republic, influenced by the positivist schools and the normal education of Eugenio María de Hostos, of whom she was an advantaged student. Her works focused on patriotism and family environment.

Although not very extensive, she managed to attract the attention of much of Latin America due to the depth of her works. Among his most notable works are: Offering to the Homeland, The bird and the nest and Shadows, To my mother, among others.

Flowers of mahogany wood

Centered are the flowers of a national symbol (from 1957 till 2011) of Dominican Republic, mahogany wood (La Caoba, Swietenia mahagoni). It grows throughout most of Latin America, up to 35-50 meters in height and 1.8 m in diameter. Dense wood with a reddish tinge gave another name - red wood. Resistant to environmental influences, mahogany was the basic material for the manufacture of furniture in the Spanish colonies, which led to the brink of its extinction.

The seal of Dominican Bank is on left side.


500 Pesos Oro 2017

Central Bank

Buildings of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic (left) and the Auditorium of the Central Bank of the Dominican Republic (right) in Santo Domingo, the country's capital.

The headquarters for Banco Central de Republica Dominicana (Central Bank of the Dominican Republic) in Santo Domingo. Designed by achitect Rafael Calventi, it was completed in 1978 and is considered an example of the Brutalism genre of architectural design.

This asset is a compliment to the Auditorium of the Dominican Republic Central Bank asset which are both at the same location.


All banknotes carry the phrase "Este billete tiene fuerza libertoria para el pago de todas las obligaciónes públicas o privadas". Literally translated as "This bill has the liberatory strength to be used as payment for all public or private obligations".