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5 Rupees 1959, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 65
Years of issue: 19.01.1960 - 31.12.1966
Edition: --
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr, Loekman Hakim , Direktur: Mr. TRB. Sabaroedin
Serie: Flower Series 1959
Specimen of: 01.01.1959
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 125 x 65
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

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5 Rupees 1959

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The National emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

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5 Rupees 1959

Polianthes tuberosa  Hybrid Polianthes tuberosaPolianthes tuberosa or the tuberose (Bunga Sedap Malam in Indonesian), is a perennial plant related to the agaves, extracts of which are used as a note in perfumery. In Indonesia grows on Java and Timor islands.

The common name derives from the Latin tuberosa, meaning swollen or tuberous in reference to its root system. Polianthes means "many flowers" in Greek. In Mexican Spanish, the flower is called nardo or vara de San José, which means "St. Joseph’s staff". This plant is called rajanigandha in India, which means "fragrant at night". It is called kupaloke in Hawaiian.

The tuberose is a night-blooming plant native to Mexico, as is every other known species of Polianthes. It grows in elongated spikes up to 45 cm. (18 in.) long that produce clusters of fragrant waxy white flowers that bloom from the bottom towards the top of the spike. It has long, bright green leaves clustered at the base of the plant and smaller, clasping leaves along the stem. Epiphyllous adhesion of stamens is seen in the flower.

Members of the closely related genus Manfreda are often called "tuberoses". In the Philippines, the plant is also known as azucena, and, while once associated with funerals, it is now used in floral arrangements for other occasions.

Denominations in numerals are in top right, lower right and left corners. Right, centered, in words.

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5 Rupees 1959

Anthreptes simplex Anthreptes simplexThe plain sunbirds (Anthreptes simplex) are the species of bird in the Nectariniidae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Other common names: Plain-coloured Sunbird

Taxonomy: Nectarinia simplex S. Müller, 1843, Sumatra and Borneo.

Birds from Borneo, having different colour gloss on forehead of male, described as race simplicior, possibly worthy of recognition. Proposed races xanthochlora (from Tenasserim, in S. Myanmar) and euthapsinus (Bunguran, in Natuna Is) considered indistinguishable from those elsewhere in range. Treated as monotypic. (www.hbw.com)

Delonix regiaThe plain sunbirds are sitting on Delonix regia flowers.

Delonix regia is a species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It is noted for its fern-like leaves and flamboyant display of flowers. In many tropical parts of the world it is grown as an ornamental tree and in English it is given the name royal poinciana or flamboyant. It is also one of several trees known as Flame tree.

This species was previously placed in the genus Poinciana, named for Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy, the XVII century governor of Saint Christophe (Saint Kitts). It is a non nodulating legume.

The flowers of Delonix regia are large, with four spreading scarlet or orange-red petals up to 8 cm long, and a fifth upright petal called the standard, which is slightly larger and spotted with yellow and white. They appear in corymbs along and at the ends of branches. The naturally occurring variety flavida (Bengali: Radhachura) has yellow flowers. The pods are green and flaccid when young and turn dark-brown and woody. They can be up to 60 cm long and 5 cm. wide. The seeds are small, weighing around 0.4 g. on average. The compound leaves have a feathery appearance and are a characteristic light, bright green and are doubly pinnate. Each leaf is 30-50 cm. long with 20 to 40 pairs of primary leaflets or pinnae, each divided into 10-20 pairs of secondary leaflets or pinnules.

Delonix regia is endemic to the Madagascar's dry deciduous forests but has been introduced into tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. In the wild it is endangered, but it is widely cultivated elsewhere.

Denominations in numerals are in top right and lower left corners.

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