header Notes Collection

1 Riyal 2020, Qatar

in Krause book Number: B219a
Years of issue: 18.12.2020
Edition: 8 000 000 000
Signatures: Governor: Abdullah Saud Al-Thani, Minister of Finance: Ali Shareef Al Emadi
Serie: 2020 - 2022 Issue
Specimen of: 2020
Material: Hybrid material
Size (mm): 135 x 66
Printer: De la Rue currency,Loughton

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Riyal 2020




The coat of arms of Qatar.


The emblem of Qatar (Arabic: شعار قطر‎) is the coat of arms of Qatar.

The emblem shows two crossed white curved swords in a yellow circle. Between the swords there is a sailing ship (dhow) sailing on blue and white waves beside an island with two palm trees. The circle is surrounded by a round doughnut-shaped object, which is divided horizontally, between the two colours of the flag. In the white section, the name of the state of Qatar is written in black, while in the maroon section, the country’s official name is written in white of Qatar.


1 Riyal 2020

Centered is the coat of arms of Qatar.

Across the field of banknote is a pattern in the Islamic style.


Top right is the flag of Qatar.

The national flag of Qatar (Arabic: علم قطر) is in the ratio of 11:28. It is maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side. It was adopted shortly before the country declared independence from Britain on 3 September 1971.

The flag is very similar to the flag of the neighbouring country Bahrain, which has fewer points, a 3:5 proportion, and a red colour instead of maroon. Qatar's flag is the only national flag having a width more than twice its height.


On right side, on background, is a Women's entrance of State Mosque (Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Wahhab Mosque) in Doha, capital of Qatar. This is one of the most recognizable symbols of the country. (


On right side, on foreground is the Dreama flower or Limonium axillare (Forssk.) - national flower of Qatar.

The flower is beautiful with blue and violet colours.

L. axillare is a compact, mound- or mat-forming, half-hardy, evergreen subshrub with fleshy, obovate, grey-green leaves and, in spring, stiff, branched stems bearing purple-pink flowers with white bracts.


1 Riyal 2020

Qatar Central Bank Qatar Central BankQatar

While oil has made Qatar rich - it boasts the highest per capita income in the world - the tiny Gulf nation hasn’t forgotten its seafaring roots.

Prior to the discovery of oil in 1939, pearling was one of Qatar’s primary revenue streams. Not only is it a gamble, approximately one in 10,000 oysters contains a pearl - it was extremely dangerous due to the toll diving took on the body, coupled with the constant threat of lingering barracudas, sea snakes, and sharks nearby.

The pearl’s significance is still honored throughout Qatar today. There is a giant Pearl Monument in Doha, a luxury artificial island called The Pearl was built on one of the nation’s major pearl-diving sites, and the annual Qatar Marine Festival showcases pearling methods as well as its history.

And located on Corniche Street, just before entering Dhow Harbor, stands the Pearl Monument. The fountain sculpture depicts a giant open oyster presenting a massive pearl in its mouth. This fountain, which lights up at night, provides an ideal photo opportunity while paying homage to Qatar’s pearling history.

Pearl diving was a seasonal activity and profession that took place between June and September each year. Divers and crews would set out on a two-month-long journey as well as a 40-day journey in the hopes of returning with a plentiful bounty. But as Japan began cultivating pearl beds and creating oyster farms in the mid-1920s, pearl prices decreased. Coupled with the discovery of oil, Qatar’s priorities underwent a massive shift, and, as they say, the rest is history. (


Qatari boat, with add-ons, today adapted for tourists.