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100 Rupees 1992, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 127
Years of issue: 28.12.1992
Edition: --
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr. Adrianus Mooy, Direktur: Mr. Sujitno Siswowidagdo
Serie: 1992 Issue
Specimen of: 28.12.1992
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 136 x 68
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

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100 Rupees 1992

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Raden Mas Soewardi Soerjaningrat (Suwardi Suryaningrat, from 1972 Ki Hadjar Dewantara, Ki Hajar Dewantara, which some write Ki Hajar Dewantoro to reflect its Javanese language sounds, Yogyakarta, May 2, 1889 - Yogyakarta, April 26, 1959, hereinafter abbreviated as Soewardi or KHD) was a leading activist in the Indonesian independence movement, columnist, politician, and pioneer of education for native Indonesians in Dutch colonial times. He founded the College Student Park, an institution that provides an educational opportunity for indigenous commoners which otherwise was limited to the aristocracy and the Dutch colonials. His birth date is now celebrated in Indonesia as National Education Day. He was confirmed as a National Hero of Indonesia by Indonesia's second president, Sukarno, on 28 November 1959.

Avers:

100 Rupees 1992

Парусник PinisiThe pinisi or phinisi is a traditional Indonesian two-masted sailing ship. It was mainly built by the Konjo tribe, a sub-ethnic group of Bugis-Makassar mostly residents at the Bulukumba regency of South Sulawesi but was, and still is used widely by the Buginese and Makassarese, mostly for inter-insular transportation, cargo and fishing purposes within Indonesian archipelago.

Top right is the coat of arms of Indonesia.

garuda

The National emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Garuda, the vehicle (vahana) of Vishnu appears in many temples of ancient Indonesia. Temples such as Mendut, Borobudur, Sajiwan, Prambanan, Penataran, Belahan, and Sukuh depict the images (bas-relief or statue) of Garuda. In Prambanan temple complex there is a single temple located in front of Vishnu temple, dedicated to Garuda. However there is no statue of Garuda inside the chamber today. In the Shiva temple, also in Prambanan complex, there is a relief telling an episode of Ramayana about Garuda's nephew who also belongs to the bird-god race, Jatayu, tried to rescue Sita from Ravana's hand. The deified statue of King Airlangga depicted as Vishnu mounting Garuda from Belahan, probably the most famous statue of Garuda from ancient Java. Now the statue is one of the important collection of Trowulan Museum.

Garuda appear in many traditions and stories, especially in Java and Bali. In many stories Garuda symbolizes the virtue of knowledge, power, bravery, loyalty, and discipline.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners, centered in words.

Revers:

100 Rupees 1992

Krakatau

Krakatoa or Krakatau (Krakatau). It is a volcanic island situated in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. The name is also used for the surrounding island group comprising the remnants of a much larger island of three volcanic peaks which was obliterated in a cataclysmic 1883 eruption, unleashing huge tsunamis (killing more than 36,000 people) and destroying over two-thirds of the island. The explosion is considered to be the loudest sound ever heard in modern history, with reports of it being heard up to 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from its point of origin. The shock waves from the explosion were recorded on barographs around the globe.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Comments:

In UV yellow and red.