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1 Manat 2020, Azerbaijan

in Krause book Number: 38
Years of issue: 2020
Signatures: Governor of Azerbaijan Central Bank: Elman Rustamov (In office 13 January 1995 - 12 April 2022)
Serie: 2020 - 2022 Issue
Specimen of: 2020
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 120 x 70
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1 Manat 2020




Coat of arms of Azerbaijan and denomination 1.


The state emblem of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan gerbi) mixes traditional and modern symbols. The focal point of the emblem is a stylized flame. The flame is in the shape of the word "Allah" written in Arabic (ﷲ‎) to represent the country's majority-Muslim population. As well as a reference to Azerbaijan's eternal natural oil-gas resources, which has given it the nickname "land of eternal fire".

The emblem is supported by a crossed stalk of wheat and an oak bough. Wheat is the symbol of abundance in Azerbaijan. Also, wheat bread is the main staple food. The oak tree is the symbol of power and youth in time.


1 Manat 2020

Topic - music and art.

In the foreground is a treble clef and three Azerbaijani folk instruments - Tar, Kemancha and Daf.


The tar (from Persian: تار, lit. 'string') is a long-necked, waisted lute family instrument, used by many cultures and countries including Iran, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Georgia, Tajikistan (Iranian Plateau), Turkey, and others near the Caucasus and Central Asia regions. The older and more complete name of the tār is čāhārtār or čārtār, meaning in Persian "four string", (čāhār frequently being shorted to čār). This is in accordance with a practice common in Persian-speaking areas of distinguishing lutes on the basis of the number of strings originally employed. Beside the čārtār, these include the dotār (دوتار, “two string”), setār (سه‌تار, “three string”), pančtār (پنجتار “five string”), and šaštār or šeštār (ششتار “six string”).

It was revised into its current sound range in the XVIII century and has since remained one of the most important musical instruments in Iran and the Caucasus, particularly in Persian and Azerbaijani traditional music, and the favoured instrument for radifs and mughams.

The "Azerbaijani tar", "Caucasus tar" or the "11 string tar" is an instrument in a slightly different shape from the Iranian Tar and was developed from the Persian tar around 1870 by Sadigjan. It has a slightly different build and has more strings. The Azerbaijani tar has further one extra bass-string on the side, on a raised nut, and usually 2 double resonance strings via small metal nuts halfway through the neck. All these strings are running next to the main strings over the bridge and are fixed to a string-holder and the edge of the body. Overall the Azerbaijani tar has 11 strings and 17 tones. It is considered the national instrument of Azerbaijan.

According to the Encyclopædia Iranica, Azeri art music is also performed in other regions of the Caucasus, mainly among Armenians who have adopted the mugham system and musical instruments such as the kemancha and tar.

A tar is depicted on the reverse of the Azerbaijani 1 qəpik coin minted since 2006 and on the obverse of the Azerbaijani 1 manat banknote issued since 2006.

In 2012, the craftsmanship and performance art of the tar in Azerbaijan was added to the UNESCO's List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.


Kemenche (Turkish: kemençe) or Lyra is a name used for various types of stringed bowed musical instruments originating in the Eastern Mediterranean, particularly in Armenia, Greece, Iran, Turkey, and Azerbaijan. and regions adjacent to the Black Sea. These instruments are folk instruments, generally having three strings and played held upright with their tail on the knee of the musician. The name Kemenche derives from the Persian Kamancheh, meaning merely a "small bow".

The Azerbaijani kamancha consists of a body, a neck and a spire, which passes through the inside of the body to the outside and connects both halves of the body. The body, neck and pegs of the kamancha are made on a special machine. An important condition for a good sounding instrument is the calculation of the distance between the fretboard and the strings. The total length of the instrument is 700 mm, the body height is 175 mm and the width is 195 mm.

Jalil Mammadguluzade, a classic of Azerbaijani literature, is the author of a play called "Kyamancha". Poet Ali Javadzadeh (Ali Tudeh) belongs to Peru with the poems “Kyamancha and the Banner”. The writer Khalida Gasilova is the author of the story "Kaman".

It is known that in the 19th century there were three-, four-, and even five-string varieties of the kamancha. In the ethnographic fund of the Museum of the History of Azerbaijan, for example, there is a copy of the five-stringed kamancha of the 19th century. The same museum exhibits the kamancha, which belonged to the famous Azerbaijani composer Zulfugar Gadzhibekov. The body and neck of this three-stringed kamancha are decorated with natural mother-of-pearl. A feature of this 19th-century instrument is that part of the body is made of a vertical cut of wood, on which a leather top is stretched.

The kamancha is depicted on the Azerbaijani 1 manat banknote and on the 1 qapik coins.

According to the Iranian Encyclopedia, Azerbaijani music is also performed in other regions of the Caucasus, mainly among the Armenians, who adopted the mugham system and musical instruments such as kamancha and tar.


Daf (Persian: دف) also known as Dâyere and Riq is a Middle Eastern (mainly Iranian) frame drum musical instrument, used in popular and classical music in South and Central Asia. It is also used in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, many regions of Georgia, Pakistan as well as in parts of India and Russian polar regions. It is also popular among Balkans, Bukharan Jews, Caucasians, Kurds, and Macedonians.

Daf is the national musical instrument of Pakistan and is also depicted on the reverse and obverse of the Azerbaijani 1 qəpik coin and 1 manat banknote respectively, since 2006.

It traditionally has a round wooden frame (although in the modern era it may also be made of metal), jingles, and a thin, translucent head made of fish or goat skin (or, more recently, a synthetic material). The sound is produced by hitting the membrane with either hand – the left hand, which also holds the Daf, strikes the edges, and the right hand strikes the center. The right-hand fingers are fastened about their neighbours and suddenly released (like the action of finger-snapping) to produce loud, rapid, sharp sounds.

In the background, barely visible, design elements of ancient Azerbaijani carpets.

Also, in the background, a musical staff is shown - this is part of the national anthem, for the piano.

1 Manat1 Manat

1 Manat 2020 in UV.


1 Manat 2020

Stylized map of Azerbaijan.


On background are the Ornaments (shebeke).

The best example of this art is the exquisite ornamentation on the windows of the palace of the Sheki Khan, built in the XVIII century.

The wonderful ornament of the composition of the palace has a playful, colorful hue, retaining its former appearance, like two centuries ago. The palace is of interest to many visiting tourists, as it still attracts with its splendor and radiance.

Being in close relationship with architecture, the art of ornamentation is mainly of a monumental nature. At the same time, the ornament is a special skill of arts and crafts, as well as one of the complex branches of art that requires experience and technology. The peculiarity of the ornament is that it does not use nails and gluing figures. Frames made of boards and decorated with colored glass are used instead of doors and windows. Usually masters of ornament give preference to traditional natural ornament. At present, the ornament is widely used not only in the restoration of the monuments of Azerbaijan, but also in new buildings and structures. Ornament masters accept orders for hotels and monuments. The ornament of the bath, called Tezebey and located in the city of Baku, was created by the master Soltan.

One of the well-known masters of the Sheki ornament is Tofig Rasulov. He took over this profession from his father and has been practicing this art form to this day. ( .rus)

Şəki xan sarayı

The Palace of Shaki Khans (Azerbaijani: Şəki xanlarının sarayı) in Shaki, Azerbaijan was a summer residence for the Shaki Khans. It was built in 1797 by Muhammed Hasan Khan. The palace was intended to house the Khans who were in charge of controlling Shaki, as viceroys of the ruling Zand and later Qajar Persian dynasties around 1750 until the time when these territories were annexed by the Russian Empire per treaty of Gulistan in 1813 after the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813).

The Palace of Shaki Khans was nominated for List of World Heritage Sites, UNESCO in 1998 by Gulnara Mehmandarova - president of Azerbaijan Committee of ICOMOS—International Council on Monuments and Sites.

On 7 July 2019, the Historic Centre of Shaki with the Khan's Palace was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.