header Notes Collection

200 Lari 2006, Georgia

in Krause book Number: 75
Years of issue: 15.04.2007
Signatures: President of the National Bank of Georgia: Roman Gotsiridze (in office March 2005 - October 2007), Minister of Finance of Georgia: Lekso Aleksishvili (in office June 2005 - September 2007)
Serie: 1995 Issue
Specimen of: 2006
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 146 х 72
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

200 Lari 2006



200 Lari 2006

Denomination 200. Abbreviation GEL. Kaikhosro "Kakutsa" Cholokashvili.


200 Lari 2006

ქაიხოსრო იოსების ძე ჩოლოყაშვილი

Kaikhosro "Kakutsa" Cholokashvili (Georgian: ქაიხოსრო [ქაქუცა] ჩოლოყაშვილი; French: Kakoutsa Tcholokachvili; Russian: Кайхосро [Какуца] Чолокашвили [Челокаев], Kaikhosro Chelokayev; 14 July 1888 – 27 June 1930) was a Georgian military officer and a commander of an anti-Soviet guerrilla movement in Georgia. He is regarded as a national hero in Georgia.

Born of a noble family, Cholokashvili was a decorated officer of the Imperial Russian Army during World War I. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he served in the ranks of the Democratic Republic of Georgia. Following the republic's overthrow in a Soviet invasion in 1921, Cholokashvili, with a band of followers, took to the mountains and fought a guerrilla campaign against the Soviet government in the province of Kakheti. After a failed August 1924 anti-Soviet rebellion, during which Cholokashvili commanded the largest single rebel contingent, he fled to France, where he died of tuberculosis in 1930. His remains were reburied, in a state funeral, from the Leuville Cemetery near Paris to the Mtatsminda Pantheon in Tbilisi, Georgia, in 2005.

200 Lari 2006

In the center, from above, in a gold medal, St. George is shown striking a silver dragon - the central element from the coat of arms of Georgia - a silver rider on a silver horse and with a silver spear ending with a golden cross, Saint George with a golden halo, striking a silver dragon.

The background of the banknote the fragments bas-reliefs from Georgian Cultural Heritage Monuments.

200 Lari 2006200 Lari 2006

200 Lari 2006 in UV.

On obverse is shown, again, St. George is shown striking a silver dragon, from Georgian coat of arms, but, this time, with the golden royal crown of the Georgian royal family of Bagrationi (also, from the coat of arms of Georgia).


200 Lari 2006


The central image on the banknote is a view of the Sukhumi embankment, the Abkhazia hotel and the Ritsa hotel.

Sukhum (abkh. Аҟәа, / а́куа/; cargo. სოხუმი, / sokhumi/; from 1936 to 1992 - Sukhumi) is the largest city in Abkhazia. According to the administrative division of Georgia - the capital, a city of republican significance of the Abkhazian Autonomous Republic. Previously, the capital of the Abkhaz SSR and the Abkhaz ASSR.

In the VI century BC. e. on the territory of the city, the ancient Greek colony of Dioscurias arose, then the Roman fortress of Sebastopolis. At the beginning of the VI century, it began to belong to Byzantium. In the Middle Ages, it was part of the Abkhazian kingdom, then the Georgian kingdom. In the 16th - early 19th centuries, the city called Sukhum-Kale was ruled by the Ottoman Empire and local feudal lords. In 1810, it was taken by Russian troops during the Russian-Turkish war of 1806-1812. In the second half of the 1840s, it received the status of a city.


The hotel "Abkhazia" on the Embankment of Mukhadzhirov, which was considered the brand of Sukhum and burned down due to a short circuit in the electrical wiring in 1984, was restored by the Polish construction and restoration company Budimeks. The work was never completed due to the collapse of the USSR and the ensuing Georgian-Abkhazian war.

In 2008, Firma CONTINENTAL bought out the real estate of the former hotel Abkhazia for 72 million 780 thousand rubles. In addition to the cost of the object, 3.8 million rubles were transferred to the budget of Abkhazia when making a purchase and sale transaction. Today, renovation work is underway.

The Abkhazia Hotel in Sukhum was built in the 1930s by the famous Soviet architect Vladimir Shchuko. The complex occupies an area of ​​thirty thousand square meters, its territory is limited by the streets of Lakoba, Leon, Aidgylar and the embankment of the Mahadjirs.

The hotel complex included several different buildings, including a swimming pool, a coffee shop, and a bakery. The hotel was considered one of the best in the USSR. In the 80s of the twentieth century, the Abkhaz branch of the oldest Soviet travel company "Intourist" was located in this hotel. ( .rus)


There is a stunningly beautiful building in Sukhum, the decoration of the embankment and the whole city - this is the Ritsa Hotel, which once bore the name San Remo. Why did the authors name the building that way? The architecture of the Cote d'Azur, with its striking features of French and Italian culture, was ideally suited as an object of imitation in the development of Sukhum in the early 20th century. Evidence of this is the numerous objects of Nice, Monaco, San Remo, which are very similar to the building of the hotel "Ritsa".

Sukhum, with its rich subtropical nature, bright greenery, rich shades of the sea, has become an excellent backdrop for a snow-white building, elegantly overlooking the sea. The corner part of the building is crowned with a beautiful dome, the walls are decorated with patterned bas-reliefs. Appearing back in 1914, the hotel building has been one of the symbols of Sukhum for a century.

The construction of the hotel is connected with the name of the Greek Christopher Spanakis (in Russian it is more familiar Christopher Spanaki). Spanakis was a merchant of the second guild, a timber merchant, who decided to invest in an architectural structure. Construction ended at the same time as the start of the First World War. It was 1914, also associated with the appearance of another beautiful building, which now houses the city administration of Sukhum. For some time, the object served for the City Council and appeared thanks to another Greek - S. Stefanidi. If not for the war, construction might have continued, and Sukhum would have been even more beautiful than it is now.

The erected hotel "San Remo" offered accommodation for guests of the city in 25 rooms, and on the first floor of the building there was the best institution of its kind at that time - the restaurant "Birzha". In connection with the changes caused by wartime, many Greeks, and other nationalities, a rich stratum of the population of Sukhum left the city.

The family of the Greek Christopher Samuridi also left, having sold all their property in 1915. The appearance of several significant buildings in Sukhum is associated with this name. Samuridi built a mansion with a dome, which for a long time served the Council of Ministers of the Abkhaz ASSR, a theater under his own name, which is better known as the Apsny cinema on the street. Lenin, the bank building on Lakoba street, from which a wonderful panorama of Sukhum opened, and some other objects.

The wave of emigration captured the Spanakis family as well. They sell their main treasure, the San Remo Hotel, to a Greek named Theodoros Baltajis. He was a well-known contractor in the region, under his leadership many objects were erected in Kutaisi, Tiflis, (later Tbilisi), Armavir. Theodoros Baltajis takes part in the construction of the Tuapse-Batum railway. Its construction began in parallel with the beginning of the First World War, and was completed only a few decades later.

Badtagis managed to earn a lot of money on construction, it cost nothing for him to buy out such a large facility as the San Remo Hotel, plus this acquisition included two villas in Gagra and Yalta in the ownership of a successful businessman. The scale and significance of the San Remo Hotel can be judged by the fact that it hosted the most important events of the Greek society of Sukhum, as well as various negotiations and debates concerning big politics in the country and abroad.

In 1917, after the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia, property was redistributed in Georgia. The Georgian Menshevik government that came to power decided to alienate large farmlands and nationalize industry. At the same time, objects from the category of smaller private property were not affected.

Global changes came after February 1921. It was then that Soviet power was forcibly proclaimed in Georgia, and already in the spring, on March 4, all more or less large property was nationalized, and bank deposits were confiscated in favor of the state.

As a result of such measures, Theodoros Baltajis lost all his real estate, as well as 200,000 gold (in rubles) stored in banks. I have never seen a large building contractor and huge money for already completed construction work. Baltajis did not stay in the country that disposed of his personal property in such a way, having decided to move to Greece. defaulxft

All objects confiscated from the wealthy stratum of Sukhumi society were plundered by the Bolsheviks. Cafes, restaurants of the city, hotels, the interiors of which were valuable items, as well as personal belongings of the owners of the establishments, were robbed. The San Remo hotel did not escape such a fate, in which valuable things belonging to the former owners remained.

Soon the walls of the building began to meet the guests of the city. The hotel continued to be used for its intended purpose. Those who walked along the sea, admired the beautiful landscapes, listened to the sound of the sea surf, enjoyed the aroma of coffee in the surrounding coffee houses, did not think too much about the former owners of the beautiful building and those thanks to whom the hotel appeared.

Now, on the embankment by the sea, there was a hotel for a variety of vacationers, and in one of the rooms, the entrance to which was from the corner of the building, the “Help to the Child” service appeared. Since then, thousands of people have stayed in the hotel rooms, including many world-famous people. The hotel building gradually became more and more significant in the modern history of Sukhum, and also inspired representatives of cultural bohemia to work.

In 1924, the death of the leader of the world proletariat caused a fiery speech by Leon Trotsky. He, being in Sukhumi, uttered the words about the death of Lenin from the balcony of the San Remo Hotel, overlooking the embankment. In 1930, the poetess Marietta Shaginyan stayed at the hotel.

The history of Sukhum is closely connected with the history of Russia. When cruel orders reigned throughout the country, the leader of Abkhazia, Nestor Lakob, was treacherously killed. This happened at the turn of 1936-1937, after this event in the history of the republic, especially difficult times came. At the San Remo hotel, this was reflected in the change of name. In 1938, the hotel was finally renamed "Ritsa", the signs "San Remo" were removed, and "Ritsa" appeared in their place. But some sources claim that the hotel on the Sukhum embankment has been called "Ritsa" since 1929. The new communist government was getting rid of everything bourgeois, the old name evoked unnecessary memories of the past of the hotel.

During the Soviet rule in Abkhazia, the hotel worked for a long time without a major overhaul. When the building was seven decades old, it was decided to reconstruct it. Further, the building could no longer remain in its previous form, since many of the wooden floors over such a long history in the seaside climate had rotted away, and besides, such satellites of decay as mice and rats started up in the building.

In the year of its 70th anniversary, the hotel opened after reconstruction. But now the appearance of the building has changed: a significant balcony-veranda was demolished, elegantly leaning on support-legs from the side of the embankment. The balcony was covered with exotic plants, which is typical for many Mediterranean countries. Now the building was deprived of such a bright and colorful feature. Also, there was no entrance to the restaurant from the corner of the building, along with it, a certain revival that always reigned inside the building disappeared. The windows of the hotel have also undergone changes. Initially, the frames were made in a style close to modern, and after the reconstruction, the hotel began to look at the world with modern metal frames without any decorative elements.

After the reconstruction, there was no decorative lattice at the base of the roof (from the sea), and the overall color of the building was changed from a single white to white-gray. In the post-Soviet era, the Ritsa Hotel almost completely disappeared into oblivion. In the autumn of 1992, Georgian soldiers set fire to the hotel, it was completely destroyed: the dome collapsed, leaving only the walls.

Restoration work on the hotel began in 2001. 15 years after the destruction, in 2007 the Ritsa Hotel reopened to the public. The rebirth of the hotel is associated with the Abkhaz entrepreneur Beslan Butba and the Chegem-2000 company.

It is planned to build a SPA salon, a swimming pool and a conference hall. Hotel "Ritsa", as an architectural monument of the city, has another mysterious and romantic property - it connects the current residents of the city with people of a bygone era who lived about 100 years ago. After all, in 2014 the hotel turned 100 years old. ( .rus)

The Tsebelda iconostasis

Top, right is The Tsebelda iconostasis.

The Tsebelda iconostasis is an Early Medieval peace of Christian art from Abkhazia/Georgia, a limestone fragment of an altar screen from the 7th or 8th century, which were discovered near the village of Tsebelda in the 1880s.

The two largest surviving fragments are on display at the Georgian National Museum in Tbilisi, with smaller pieces also kept at a museum in Sukhumi. Within a floral frame are depiction of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection. On the left side are two scenes from the life of Saint Peter, while on the right side there is part of the Sacrifice of Abraham with the baptism of Jesus below it. The diversity of biblical repertoire depicted on the Tsebelda iconostasis is rare in the Christian art of that time. The mode and technique of execution display affinities with similar items found elsewhere in Georgia.


Designer of Lari sign: professional artist-ceramist Malkhaz Shvelidze.