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20 Lari 2021, Georgia

in Krause book Number: 78
Years of issue: 2021
Signatures: President of the National Bank of Georgia: Koba Gvenetadze
Serie: 2016 Issue
Specimen of: 2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 132 х 66
Printer: Polska Wytwornia Papierow Wartocziowych, Warszawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Lari 2021



20 Lari 2011

Denomination 20. Emblem of Lari. Prince Ilia Chavchavadze.


20 Lari 2021

20 Lari 2021

Prince Ilia Chavchavadze (Georgian: ილია ჭავჭავაძე; 8 November 1837 - 12 September 1907) was a Georgian writer, political figure, poet, and publisher who spearheaded the revival of the Georgian national movement in the second half of the 19th century, during the Russian rule of Georgia. He is Georgia's "most universally revered hero."

Inspired by the contemporary liberal movements in Europe, as a writer and a public figure, Chavchavadze directed much of his efforts toward awakening national ideals in Georgians and to the creation of a stable society in his homeland. His most important literary works were: The Hermit, The Ghost, Otaraant Widow, Kako The Robber, Happy Nation, Latters of a Traveller and Is a man a human?!. He was editor-in-chief of the periodicals "Sakartvelos Moambe" (1863-1877) and "Iveria" (1877-1905), and authored numerous articles for journals. He was a devoted protector of the Georgian language and culture from Russification. He is considered the main contributor of Georgian cultural nationalism. The three main ethnic markers of Georgian identity, according to Chavchavadze, consisted of territory, language, and Christianity. Despite this, his nationalism was secular.

Chavchavadze was fatally wounded in Tsitsamuri, outside Mtskheta, by a gang of assassins. His legacy earned him the broad admiration of the Georgian people. In 1987 he was canonized as Saint Ilia the Righteous (წმინდა ილია მართალი, tsminda ilia martali) by the Georgian Orthodox Church. Today, Georgians revere Chavchavadze as "The Uncrowned King" (უგვირგვინო მეფე, ugvirgvino mepe) and the "Father of Nation".

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On top are the magazine "Sakartvelos Moambe" and "Iveria" (იბერია), founded by him and his personal belongings (lens, watch, pen and inkwell).

In 1863 I. Chavchavadze published the magazine "Herald of Georgia" ("Sakartvelos Moambe"), but after the twelfth issue the magazine was closed. "Herald of Georgia" ("Sakartvelos Moambe") was the first organ of the "sixtienants" ("Tergdaleulni").

In 1879-1885 he was the deputy chairman, and since 1887 - the chairman of the Society of literacy. In 1877-1902 - editor of the literary and political newspaper "Iveria", which upheld the right of the Georgian people on the national culture.

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The center shows the building of the editorial office of the newspaper "Iveria" (იბერია), in Tbilisi, which was founded by Ilya Grigoryevich Chavchavadze.

The map of Georgia is in lower right corner.

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20 Lari 2021 in UV.


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On foreground is the equestrian statue of Vakhtang I of Iberia (ვახტანგ I გორგასალმა).

In 1961, at the area in front of the temple Metekhi, on a rock, was embellished the equestrian statue of Vakhtang Gorgasali (sculptor E. Amashukeli, architects T. Kandelaki, DI Morbedadze, winners of a public competition in 1958).

This neighborhood is not accidental - it is the first Vakhtang strengthened the faith of the Georgian people, built churches and monasteries. And now is the king Vakhtang hand and makes the sign of Tbilisi, the main square of the old town of Meydan, and protects against the enemies of this holy land.

Vakhtang I Gorgasali (Georgian: ვახტანგ I გორგასალი) (c. 439 or 443 – 502 or 522), of the Chosroid dynasty, was a king of Iberia, natively known as Kartli (eastern Georgia) in the second half of the 5th and first quarter of the 6th century.

He led his people, in an ill-fated alliance with the Byzantine Empire, into a lengthy struggle against Sasanian Iranian hegemony, which ended in Vakhtang's defeat and weakening of the kingdom of Iberia. Tradition also ascribes him reorganization of the Georgian Orthodox Church and foundation of Tbilisi, Georgia's modern capital.

Dating Vakhtang's reign is problematic. Ivane Javakhishvili assigns to Vakhtang's rule the dates c. 449–502 while Cyril Toumanoff suggests the dates c. 447–522. Furthermore, Toumanoff identifies Vakhtang with the Iberian king Gurgenes known from Procopius' Wars of Justinian.

Vakhtang is a subject of the 8th or XI century vita attributed to Juansher, which intertwines history and legend into an epic narrative, hyperbolizing Vakhtang's personality and biography. This literary work has been a primary source of Vakhtang's image as an example warrior-king and statesman, which has preserved in popular memory to this day.

He emerged as one of the most popular figures in Georgia's history already in the Middle Ages and has been canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church as The Holy and Right-Believing King Vakhtang (Georgian: წმინდა დიდმოწამე მეფე ვახტანგი) and is commemorated on November 30 (O.S.: December 13).

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On background, behind the statue, is a schematic map of Tbilisi, made in 1735. Author - Vakhushti Bagrationi, he is also the author of "History of Georgia". ( .rus).

Left of the monument is a view on old Tbilisi.

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Georgian coat of arms is in top right corner.

The coat of arms of Georgia is one of the national symbols of the republic. It is partially based on the medieval arms of the Georgian royal house and features Saint George, the traditional patron saint of Georgia. In addition to St. George, the original proposal included additional heraldic elements found on the royal seal, such as the seamless robe of Jesus, but this was deemed excessively religious and was not incorporated into the final version.

The State coat of arms of Georgia is a heraldic shield, on its red field is depicted a silver rider on a silver horse and with a silver spear ending with a golden cross, Saint George with a golden halo, striking a silver dragon. The shield is crowned with the Iverian (Georgian) crown. The supporters are two golden lions, standing on a compartment of stylized grape vine ornament. The compartment is embellished with a silver-purple motto ribbon (face is silver, back is purple). On the silver field of the ribbon with black Mkhedruli letters is written the motto "ძალა ერთობაშია" ("Strength is in unity"). On the ribbon, in the beginning and the end of the inscription, are depicted purpure heraldic crosses.

Although the shield is officially described as purpure, it is often depicted as red.


Designer of Lari sign: professional artist-ceramist Malkhaz Shvelidze.