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100 Rupees 1985, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 122
Years of issue: 01.02.1985
Edition: --
Signatures: Gubernur: Mr. Arifin M. Siregar, Direktur: Mr. Sujitno Siswowidagdo
Serie: 1982 - 1987 Issue
Specimen of: 01.02.1985
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 133 x 64
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

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100 Rupees 1985

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The coat of arms of Indonesia.

Avers:

100 Rupees 1985

Goura victoria

The Victoria Crowned Pigeon (Goura victoria). It is a large, bluish-grey pigeon with elegant blue lace-like crests, maroon breast and red iris. It is part of a genus of three unique very large, ground-dwelling pigeons native to the New Guinea region. The bird may be easily recognized by the unique white tips on its crests and by its deep "whooping" sounds made while calling. Its name commemorates the British monarch Queen Victoria.

The Victoria crowned pigeon is distributed in the lowland and swamp forests of northern New Guinea and surrounding islands. It usually occurs on areas that were former alluvial plains, including sago forests. Though typically found at or near sea-level, occasionally birds of this species may venture up in the hills to an elevation of up to about 3,000 feet. They fly from sea to tree every day.They usually eat plants only because they can't find regular food.

Top right is the coat of arms of Indonesia.

garuda

The National emblem of Indonesia is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Garuda, the vehicle (vahana) of Vishnu appears in many temples of ancient Indonesia. Temples such as Mendut, Borobudur, Sajiwan, Prambanan, Penataran, Belahan, and Sukuh depict the images (bas-relief or statue) of Garuda. In Prambanan temple complex there is a single temple located in front of Vishnu temple, dedicated to Garuda. However there is no statue of Garuda inside the chamber today. In the Shiva temple, also in Prambanan complex, there is a relief telling an episode of Ramayana about Garuda's nephew who also belongs to the bird-god race, Jatayu, tried to rescue Sita from Ravana's hand. The deified statue of King Airlangga depicted as Vishnu mounting Garuda from Belahan, probably the most famous statue of Garuda from ancient Java. Now the statue is one of the important collection of Trowulan Museum.

Garuda appear in many traditions and stories, especially in Java and Bali. In many stories Garuda symbolizes the virtue of knowledge, power, bravery, loyalty, and discipline.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners, centered in words.

Revers:

100 Rupees 1985

Asahan DamThe Asahan River, the only outlet to Sumatra's Lake Toba, a huge natural storage reservoir inside one of the largest collapsed volcanoes in the world, contains three hydroelectric power plants. A fourth has been planned by the Indonesian state electricity authority, Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN). With restructuring of the electricity industry in the early 1990s, this proposed plant, known as Asahan, was slated for private sector development.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Comments:

Designer: Heru Soeroso.