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10 Angolares 1926, Angola

in Krause book Number: 67
Years of issue: 14.08.1926
Signatures: Unknown signature
Serie: Decree No.12131 of 14.08.1926
Specimen of: 14.08.1926
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 150 х 100
Printer: Thomas de la Rue and coy, LTD, Londres

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Angolares 1926




Portugese coat of arms.


10 Angolares 1926

On left side are weaver and spinner.

On right and left sides are stylized columns.

At the top is the coat of arms of Portugal.

coat portugal

The coat of arms of Portugal was officially adopted on 30 June 1911, along with the republican flag of Portugal. It is based on the coat of arms used by the Portuguese Kingdom since the Middle Ages.

The Portuguese coat of arms is the result of almost a millennium of modifications and alterations. Starting with Henry of Burgundy blue cross on a silver shield, successive elements were added or taken, culminating with the complex heraldic design that was officially adopted in 1911 (after the Republican Revolution of 1910). The two stripes bear the colours of the Portuguese flag: red and green.


After the official recognition of the Kingdom of Portugal as an independent country in 1143 (it had been declared in 1139), silver bezants were added to the Burgundian flag, symbolising coins and the right the monarch had to issue currency, as leader of a sovereign state. Eventually, and given the enormous dynamism of medieval heraldry, it is believed that the shield degraded and lost some elements in battle, eventually losing the cross format. This is how King Sancho I inherited the shield from his father, Afonso Henriques, with no cross and the quinas (the five escutcheons with the silver bezants) in its place.

Later, the number of silver bezants in each escutcheon would be reduced from eleven to five by King Sebastian I, and modern explanations interpret them as the five wounds of Jesus Christ, although this is highly improbable.


It was during the reign of Afonso III that the red border with golden castles (not towers, as some sources state) was added. Although the number of castles could vary between eight to twelve, Afonso IV would define them as twelve and Sebastian I would finally fix them as seven. They supposedly represent the Moorish castles conquered by the Kingdom of Portugal during the Reconquista. Their origin is probably Castilian, but unlike Spanish castles, which usually have their gates coloured blue (hence opened), Portuguese castles were always depicted with gold gates (hence closed). As a matter of fact, Afonso III was the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal and thus was not expected to inherit the throne, which was destined to go to his elder brother King Sancho II of Portugal. As a second son, the coat of arms of Afonso III included both the arms of his father and the arms of his mother Urraca of Castile, thus the Castillan red border with golden castillan castles, around the Portuguese shield inherited from his father.

Armillary sphere:

An important element of Portuguese heraldry since the 15th century, the armillary sphere was many times used in Portuguese colonial flags, mainly in Brazil. It was a navigation instrument used to calculate distances and represents the importance of Portugal during the Age of Discovery, as well as the vastness of its colonial empire when the First Republic was implemented.

Although it is commonly used as a "republican" element, as opposed to the monarchist crown in the blue/white flag (see Flag of Portugal), some monarchist flags, such as the flag of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, already depicted armillary spheres. The incorporation of the armillary sphere into the 1816 flag of the United Kingdom of Portugal is related to the adoption of the first flag of the Kingdom of Brazil, an armillary sphere on a blue background.

The coat of arms sported different crowns during imperial rule of Portuguese and foreign crowns:

Pre mid-1500s the coat of arms had an open imperial crown,

Crown of the House of Habsburg,

Various crowns of the House of Braganza (1640-1817),

Crown of João VI (1817-1910).

O viaduto do Lengue na linha de Benguela

Landscape of western (hilly) Angola.

Why? I answer:

I think, that I have succeeded, by comparing many photographs, in finding the bridge, shown on the banknote. But, that's my personal opinion!

On the banknote is the Lenga railway viaduct, on the line to Bengela.

I managed to find the bridge shown on the banknote by personal comparison of the photo. It's my personal opinion!

On a banknote is a railway viaduct Lenga, on Bengela line. They used the photo, made in 1906, and printed by newspaper "The Railway Times", issued on 30 March 1907, pages 329-332.

Many thanks to this site. Only there I could find this photo.

So far, I have no detailed information on this railway line. I only have a suspicion that this section is included in the Bengel railway network.

Bengel (the full name of the Sau-Felipe de Bengel (port. Sune Felipe de Benguela)) is a city in Angola, the administrative center of Bengel's province.

The Bengel Railway (port. Caminho de Ferro de Benguela), also called the railway Katanga-Bengel, is the railway line passing through the central part of Angola and the South of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from west to east and is the largest and most important railway in the south West Africa. It serves to connect the city of Tenka, Congo, with the railway Cape Town-Cairo (Kindu-Kongo to Porta-Elizabeth-Yuzhno-African Republic).

The point of exit to the coast is the port of Lobit on the Atlantic coast, from where all types of products are exported: from minerals to food, industrial goods, animals.

The company managing the Angolsky plot from Lobit to the LUAU is the railway company Bengel-E.P. (Port. Empresa Do Caminho de Ferro de Benguela-E.P). In the Congolese section, from Dillo to Tenka, the Dear Railway Society of Congo (French Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer du Congo) is being controlled.

The total length is 1866 km., Connecting the Copperbelt region with the Atlantic Ocean. In the future, it is planned to connect the road with the railways of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique, which will allow you to form a network of railways covering South Africa and connecting the Atlantic and Indian oceans.

The railway began to be built on March 1, 1903, its first operational section was opened in 1905, about 20 km. long. In 1912, railway work reached the platea-do-and-in-and-out (423 km.) In the center of the Portuguese Angola, reaching the Katanga district (1350 km.) In the Belgian Congo, in the late 1920s, the first shipment of ores began. The railway between 1930 and 1970 has repeatedly beat transportation records, but in 1976 the operations were discontinued due to the civil war in Angola. In the 1990s, the railway began to work on short segments, mainly between the central region of Angola with Porto-Do-Clit.

In 2004, the China Railway Construction company won a tender for the reconstruction of the Bengel Railway. The project is met according to Chinese standards. The speed of trains is increased to 90 km per hour. The Chinese railway replaced the old Belgian railway destroyed during the civil war in Angola.

On March 5, 2018, the transportation of ore from the Tenque Fungurume mine was resumed to the Congo, where copper and cobalt were mined, the cargo was delivered to the port of Lobit. From this date, the railway has fully earned, having connected the city of Tenke (Congo) with the city of Lobit (Angola).

Denominations in numerals are in all corners, in words centered.


10 Angolares 1926

Panthera leo

The lion (Panthera leo) is a large cat of the genus Panthera native to Africa and India. It has a muscular, broad-chested body, short, rounded head, round ears, and a hairy tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dimorphic; adult male lions are larger than females and have a prominent mane. It is a social species, forming groups called prides. A lion's pride consists of a few adult males, related females, and cubs. Groups of female lions usually hunt together, preying mostly on large ungulates. The lion is an apex and keystone predator; although some lions scavenge when opportunities occur and have been known to hunt humans, the species typically does not actively seek out and prey on humans.

The lion inhabits grasslands, savannas and shrublands. It is usually more diurnal than other wild cats, but when persecuted, it adapts to being active at night and at twilight. During the Neolithic period, the lion ranged throughout Africa, Southeast Europe, the Caucasus, Western Asia and northern parts of India, but it has been reduced to fragmented populations in sub-Saharan Africa and one population in western India. It has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996 because populations in African countries have declined by about 43% since the early 1990s. Lion populations are untenable outside designated protected areas. Although the cause of the decline is not fully understood, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are the greatest causes for concern.

One of the most widely recognised animal symbols in human culture, the lion has been extensively depicted in sculptures and paintings, on national flags, and in contemporary films and literature. Lions have been kept in menageries since the time of the Roman Empire and have been a key species sought for exhibition in zoological gardens across the world since the late 18th century. Cultural depictions of lions were prominent in Ancient Egypt, and depictions have occurred in virtually all ancient and medieval cultures in the lion's historic and current range.

Denomination in numerals is on right side. Lower in words.