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50 Pesos 2021, Mexico

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 28.10.2021
Signatures: Junta de Gobierno: Galia Borja Gómez, Cajero Principal: Alejandro Alegre Rabiela
Serie: 2017-2019 Historical Identity and Natural Heritage Issue
Specimen of: 30.01.2019
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 125 x 65
Printer: Banco de México, Mexico

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Pesos 2021




G-type 50-peso banknote (in window) shows the number 50 and a texture of five dots forming a half circle.


50 Pesos 2021

teocalli de la guerra sagrada

The Mexican Golden Eagle (today is on Mexican coat of arms) with cactus Opuntia ficus-indica, and with "Atl tlachinolli" in his beak. The engraving on the banknote was made from the back of a monolithic pre-Columbian miniature of the Aztec temple, created by representatives of the Mexican civilization on the orders of Montezuma II and served as his throne. The monolith is known as "TEOCALLI DE LA GUERRA SAGRADA" ("Pyramid surmounted by the temple of the holy war"). It is currently on display at the National Museum of Anthropology of Mexico.

Atl tlachinolli

"Atl tlachinolli" - Metaphor of the sacred war, which means water-bonfire and consists of two opposite and complementary elements.

Atl tlachinolli, the Mexica war cry.

In several sculptures and codices when war scenes are seen, a curious symbol is usually seen. A symbol that sometimes appears coming out of the mouth of warrior gods kings and animals. It is the atlachinolli, the burnt water. Apparently a war cry from pre-Hispanic times.

It is composed of a band of water and a band of fire intertwined. this is read in the diaphrasism in atl in tlachinolli, (between fire and water), referring to how opposing elements collide violently. undulate. which again represents the idea that it is the opposition to the energetic shock that gives a sense of movement to the universe. (Thomas Aleto)


On background is Mexican mural painting - a representation of the city of Tenochtitlan, taken from part of Diego Rivera’s mural, identified with the caption "LA GRAN TENOCHTITLAN (VISTA DESDE EL MERCADO DE TLATELOLCO)" (THE GREAT TENOCHTITLAN (VIEWED FROM THE TLATELOLCO MARKET)), located in the National Palace in Mexico City.

Mexican mural painting (Mexican muralism; Spanish mural - fresco) is an artistic movement of mural painting in Mexico in the 1920s–1970s, usually focused on reflecting public and political messages as part of efforts to reunite the country under government after the Mexican Revolution. Representatives: Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Rufino Tamayo, Jesus Guerrero Galvan, Miguel Covarrubias, Carlos Merida. From the 1920s to the 1970s, a large number of murals with national, social and political messages were created on public buildings, starting a tradition that continues in Mexico to this day and has influenced art in other countries of the Americas, including the United States. States where it inspired the Chicano art movement.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners. In lower right corner in words.


50 Pesos 2021

The ecosystem of rivers and lakes is represented with a Mexican salamander (known as ajolote) and a corn field within the landscape of Xochimilco, Mexico City, a world cultural heritage site.

Ambystoma mexicanum

Mexican salamander (known as ajolote) (Ambystoma mexicanum) - a species of tailed amphibians from the genus Ambistom, family Ambystomidae.

In the relatively recent past, it lived in several small lakes in central Mexico. Currently, only one lake population has survived.

The total length is 29 cm. The color is black with a bluish tint. Neotenic individuals of this and some other species of the genus are known as axolotls. In laboratory cultures, along with black individuals, white-pink axolotls are also known.


In the background is the landscape of Xochimilco, Mexico City.

Xochimilco (Classical Nahuatl: Xōchimīlco) is a borough (demarcación territorial) in the Mexico City. The borough is centered on the formerly independent city of Xochimilco, which was established on what was the southern shore of Lake Xochimilco in the precolonial period.

Today, the borough consists of the 18 barrios, or neighborhoods, of this city along with 14 pueblos, or villages, that surround it, covering an area of 125 km2. The borough is in the southeastern part of the city and has an identity that is separate from the historic center of Mexico City, due to its historic separation from that city during most of its history.

Xochimilco is best known for its canals, which are left from what was an extensive lake and canal system that connected most of the settlements of the Valley of Mexico. These canals, along with artificial islands called chinampas, attract tourists and other city residents to ride on colorful gondola-like boats called trajineras around the 170 km. of canals. This canal and chinampa system, as a vestige of the area's precolonial past, has made Xochimilco a World Heritage Site. In 1950, Paramahansa Yogananda, in his Autobiography of a Yogi, wrote that if there were a scenic beauty contest, Xochimilco would get the first prize.

Text n English, lower, left: "The ecosystem of rivers and lakes is represented by the Mexican ambystoma (known as axolotl) and cornfield in the landscape of Xochimilco, Mexico City, World Cultural Heritage Sites"

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners. In lower left corner in words.


Banknote Serie G.