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200 Dirhams 2013, Morocco

in Krause book Number: 77
Years of issue: 19.12.2013
Signatures: Government comissioner: Khalid Safir, Governor: Abdellatif Jouahri
Serie: 2013 Issue
Specimen of: 2012
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 152 x 70
Printer: Dar As-Sikkah (DAS), Moroccan State Printing Works

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

200 Dirhams 2013




King Mohammed VI and denomination 200.


200 Dirhams 2013

Mohammed VI

Mohammed VI (Arabic: محمد السادس‎, born 21 August 1963) is the King of Morocco. He ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II.

Mohammed was the second child and oldest son of Hassan II and his second wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. On the day of his birth, Mohammed was appointed Heir Apparent and Crown Prince. His father was keen on giving him a religious and political education from an early age; at the age of four he started attending the Qur'anic school at the Royal Palace.

Mohammed completed his primary and secondary studies at Royal College and attained his Baccalaureate in 1981, before gaining a bachelor's degree in law at the Mohammed V University at Agdal in 1985. His research paper dealt with "the Arab-African Union and the Strategy of the Kingdom of Morocco in matters of International Relations". He has also frequented the Imperial College and University of Rabat. He was furthermore appointed President of the Pan Arab Games, and was commissioned a Colonel Major of the Royal Moroccan Army on 26 November 1985. He served as the Coordinator of the Offices and Services of the Royal Armed Forces until 1994.

In 1987, Mohammed obtained his first Certificat d'Études Supérieures (CES) in political sciences, and in July 1988 he obtained a Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA) in public law.In November 1988, he trained in Brussels with Jacques Delors, then-President of the European Commission.

Mohammed obtained his PhD in law with distinction on 29 October 1993 from the French University of Nice Sophia Antipolis for his thesis on "EEC-Maghreb Relations". On 12 July 1994, he was promoted to the military rank of Major General, and that same year he became President of the High Council of Culture and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Moroccan Army.

He speaks Arabic, French, Spanish and English.

The New York Times reported that prior to ascending to the throne, Mohammed "gained a reputation as a playboy during the years he spent waiting in the wings, showing a fondness for fast cars and nightclubs."

On 23 July 1999, Mohammed succeeded his father as king, being enthroned in Rabat on 30 July.


In the background, as as seems to me!, there may be an image of two gates (2 options) in Tangier.

1) Option number 1, and I consider it the most likely - a stylized image of the Kasbah gate - Bab-Fahs.

The walls of Tangier have thirteen gates and seven defensive batteries. In the southern part is the Bab Fahs gate, which connects the Medina area with the rest of Tangier.

2) Option number 2. Blue Gate in the Medina, Tangier.

Tangier is a major port city. It is located in the extreme northern point of Morocco, in a picturesque harbor.

The main attraction of the city is the area of ​​the ancient Medina, with the Kasbah fortress located in it, which was built by the Portuguese in the 18th century. From the observation deck you can see the Strait of Gibraltar and the mountains on the Spanish side.


Historians believe that Tangier was founded by the Carthaginians at the beginning of the 5th century. BC. In Greek mythology, it is said that this city was founded by Antaeus, the son of Poseidon and Gaia. During its history, Tangier was ruled by Arabs, Berbers, Portuguese, Spaniards, British and French. In 1956, Tangier became part of the Kingdom of Morocco. From Tangier you can take a ferry to the coast of Spain.

The city is interesting for its unique color. Here the streets with beautiful colonial buildings of the French era and the ancient Medina with mosques and madrasahs, palaces and an oriental bazaar with fakirs and snake charmers mixed together. Sokko Square is located in the center of Tangier. There are many cafes and restaurants where you can sit on the verandas and admire the city. A pedestrian street begins from the square, which passes through the main sights of the city and ends at the Kasbah of Tangier. The Kasbah was erected on the highest point of the Medina and is quite well preserved to this day. ( .rus)


In top right corner is the royal crown of Marocco and Maroccan stars.

The green stars symbolize (each) the Five pillars of Islam.

coat of arms

On top is the coat of arms of Marocco.

The current coat of arms of Morocco (formally, the royal coat of arms) was introduced 14 August 1957. It was developed by the graphic artists Gauthier and Hainaut and shows a green pentagram, specifically a two-dimensional Penrose pentacle on a red background before the Atlas Mountains and a rising sun. The royal crown is on top. Two lions function as the holders of the shield. On the ribbon underneath, the Arabic inscription is written: (Arabic: إن تنصروا الله ينصركم‎) (If you glorify God, He will glorify you) (Quran, Verse 7, Sura 47).

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners. In words - on top.


200 Dirhams 2013

Container cargo ship at Tanger-Med Port near Tangier, Morocco. Gantry cranes. Lighthouse at Cape Spartel near Tangier.


Tanger Med (in Arabic: طنجة المتوسط ) is a Moroccan industrial port complex, located on the Strait of Gibraltar, with handling capacities of 9 million containers, 7 million passengers, 700,000 trucks and the export of 1 million vehicles.

Tanger Med also consists of an industrial platform for 1100 companies representing an annual export business volume in 2020 of 8000 million EUR,[5] operating in various sectors such as automotive, aeronautics, food processing, logistics and textiles.

The Tanger Med Project is the largest port in Africa. The project is a strategic priority of the Moroccan government for the economic and social development of the North Morocco region. It is part of the economic policy orienting Morocco towards exports, based on eight clearly identified export sectors, with particular emphasis on the free trade agreement with the European Union.

Completion of the «Tangier-Mediterranean» project will have important economic effects in terms of jobs, creation of added value and foreign investment. Its particular position on the Straits of Gibraltar, at the crossing of two major maritime routes, and 15 km. from the European Union will enable it to serve a market of hundreds of millions of consumers through the industrial and commercial free zones which will be run by well-known private operators. It will also win part of the strong growth market of container transshipment and become the leading hub for cereal transshipment, a facility which is non-existent in the north-west African region at present.

Tanger Med is a global logistics gateway located on the Strait of Gibraltar and connected to 180 ports worldwide and provides a processing capacity of 9 million containers, 7 million passengers, 700 000 trucks and 1 million vehicles.

Tanger Med is an industrial hub for more than 1,100 companies from different sectors such as automotive, aeronautics, logistics, textile and trade and represent a business volume of 5,9 BUSD.


Cap Spartel Lighthouse.

Cape Spartel (Cap Spartel) is situated 14 kilometers west of Tangier, the far northwest coast of Africa on the northern Atlantic coast of Morocco. The Spartel Cape was built in 1864 by Sultan Muhammad III and is located about 1,000 feet above sea level at the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar and it is consider a special place in Tangier because it connects with the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean and has wonderful views, next to the lighthouse, where you can go up and take pictures from. Cape Spatrel is wrongly known as the northernmost point of Africa, yet the Ras ben Sakka of Tunisia is the right place.

The Caves of Hercules are situated below the Cape Spartel, and could be reached from from Robinson Plage. So you can visit the legendary Caves of Hercules and enjoy the panoramic views surrounding the lighthouse and do bird watching activities.


The lighthouse was built by Sultan Mohammed IV (r. 1859-1873/1275-1289 AH) in 1864. Approximately a year after construction, the Sultan agreed to transfer responsibility for operating and maintaining the lighthouse to European powers, in accordance with the terms of an agreement signed by Morocco, Austria, Belgium, France, Great Britain, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United States on May 31, 1865. It returned to Moroccan control after independence.

The lighthouse is composed of 24 m. square masonry tower with castellated gallery, lantern, and 1st order Fresnel lens." A two-storey keeper's house is attached. (

Against the background are the patterns of Moroccan (Rabat) carpets.

"Every Moroccan carpet is a unique poem created by the soul and hands - no machine is such a power" - so translated poem, posted in a store in Meknes.

In the XVII century. Muslims who fled to Morocco from Andalusia spread the Persian technique of knotted weaving in their new homeland, meanwhile the local Berber tribes made their own carpets for centuries. There are three types of Moroccan carpets: Rabat - the Persian knot weave with Arabic pattern, Berber carpets of the Middle and High Atlas and kilims, thinner and not woven, but woven.

Over the past centuries, the technique of making carpets has changed little. In the extreme south of Morocco, nomadic tribes still use horizontal looms, transported in a collapsed state and each time pulled on pegs driven into the ground. Drawings are passed down from generation to generation, and carpet makers keep them in mind. Over a large carpet, several people work, each one is engaged in his own plot. Controls the manufacturing process master - tired, attached to each machine. Tired knows the scheme and colors of the whole drawing and often, referring to the workers, everyone in particular sings the names of colors and the number of knots. This rhythmic singing is mastered from an early age. They say that the legendary tired can recall from memory 50-60 drawings. In cities, the process is quickly mechanized, vertical machines are introduced - they allow you to work much faster - and drawings are copied from the samples.

Carpets from Rabat, with a classic mihrab pattern in the center, are similar to Arab carpets. Their characteristic colors are blue, gray and red in different shades. Although Moroccan carpets are quite expensive, they can not be called suitable objects of investment, as they are much inferior in quality to Turkish and Persian. Moroccan carpet in the room Berber carpets are very different, they are uniquely attached to the uniqueness of the patterns: each tribe has its own. At the same time, in the pattern of many carpets the main motif is repeated: these are bright straight lines, and between them a diamond-shaped ornament. This pattern is attributed to magical properties. There are also carpets depicting strange animals: apparently in the past mystical symbols, now they are called to attract the attention of tourists. Traditionally, such carpets are covered with the floor of the nomadic tent, or they are hung out, dividing the tent into separate rooms.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and at the bottom, right of center.


I found an interesting article "My Morocco" by Bruno Barbie, written as a childhood memory in the thirties years of creativity...

In my opinion it is very suitable in the subject of the banknote::

"I was born in Morocco and grew up in the cities of Salé, Rabat, Marrakech and Tangier." When I was very young, Salé seemed to me a real kingdom. "His strict medersa, the calls of the muezzin that merged with the incessant song of the sea, the waves crashing against the cliffs, the beauty of the cemetery I was fascinated by the fortress of Kasb Udaya, the necropolis of Chell, by the waters of the river Bou Regreg, gently beating the sides of the boats floating along it. * Later I lived in Marrakech, a red city located at the foot of the Atlas Mountains, and then - in Tangier, at Gibraltar Strait and Andalusia in the offing.

You can transfer from the desert sands of the Atlas Mountains and from the Atlantic coast to the Mediterranean coasts during the afternoon. Cultures and civilizations are mixed together here in the most incredible combination: Umayyad culture, Andalusian influences, Berber traditions, signs of the Jewish heritage. Despite everything, the Moroccans succeeded in maintaining a sense of human solidarity and harmony with nature. They adapted to the conditions of the modern world and at the same time preserved their own culture.

I conceived this book thirty years ago, when in the early seventies with his wife Caroline returned to his homeland. Since that time, I've come here to work and probably would not have been so crazy to continue the business for such a long time - do not find my childhood memories so bright and alive. The fact that in any other place could be of exceptional aesthetic interest, in Morocco - in the land of tradition - acquires qualities unique, humane features.

As elsewhere, the process of globalization takes its toll, but with all Morocco remains - how much more will it be? - the land is surprisingly calm, timeless. Look at the albums of Delacroix: regardless of the skills, even today you can sketch the same scenes at the corners of the bazaar streets. How many artists, photographers and writers who ever lived in Morocco, fell under the charm of its light, its features and its colors? Probably the most famous of all, Matisse, somehow admitted that this country forced him to re-think his palette.

A photographer here sometimes finds it so difficult to do his work, that before he starts to work with him, he must learn how to merge with the walls. Photographs must be taken very quickly, with all the ensuing risky consequences, or - after long periods of waiting, with boundless patience. Such was the price of these images made between 1970 and 2003. Memories of Morocco can only be captured through a respectful attitude towards it. "