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100 Dirhams 2013, Morocco

in Krause book Number: 76
Years of issue: 19.12.2013
Signatures: Government comissioner: Khalid Safir, Governor: Abdellatif Jouahri
Serie: 2013 Issue
Specimen of: 2012
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 145 x 70
Printer: Dar As-Sikkah (DAS), Moroccan State Printing Works

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Dirhams 2013




King Mohammed VI and denomination 100.


100 Dirhams 2013

Mohammed VI

Mohammed VI (Arabic: محمد السادس‎, born 21 August 1963) is the King of Morocco. He ascended to the throne on 23 July 1999 upon the death of his father, King Hassan II.

Mohammed was the second child and oldest son of Hassan II and his second wife, Lalla Latifa Hammou. On the day of his birth, Mohammed was appointed Heir Apparent and Crown Prince. His father was keen on giving him a religious and political education from an early age; at the age of four he started attending the Qur'anic school at the Royal Palace.

Mohammed completed his primary and secondary studies at Royal College and attained his Baccalaureate in 1981, before gaining a bachelor's degree in law at the Mohammed V University at Agdal in 1985. His research paper dealt with "the Arab-African Union and the Strategy of the Kingdom of Morocco in matters of International Relations". He has also frequented the Imperial College and University of Rabat. He was furthermore appointed President of the Pan Arab Games, and was commissioned a Colonel Major of the Royal Moroccan Army on 26 November 1985. He served as the Coordinator of the Offices and Services of the Royal Armed Forces until 1994.

In 1987, Mohammed obtained his first Certificat d'Études Supérieures (CES) in political sciences, and in July 1988 he obtained a Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA) in public law.In November 1988, he trained in Brussels with Jacques Delors, then-President of the European Commission.

Mohammed obtained his PhD in law with distinction on 29 October 1993 from the French University of Nice Sophia Antipolis for his thesis on "EEC-Maghreb Relations". On 12 July 1994, he was promoted to the military rank of Major General, and that same year he became President of the High Council of Culture and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Moroccan Army.

He speaks Arabic, French, Spanish and English.

The New York Times reported that prior to ascending to the throne, Mohammed "gained a reputation as a playboy during the years he spent waiting in the wings, showing a fondness for fast cars and nightclubs."

On 23 July 1999, Mohammed succeeded his father as king, being enthroned in Rabat on 30 July.

Dar al-Makhzen (Fez)

In the background, as as seems to me!, is a stylized representation of the gates of Dar al-Makhzen Palace, on Alaouites Square, in the city of Fes.

The royal palace in Fes, or Dar al-Makhzen, is unfortunately closed to the public, but it's still worth a visit from the outside. The seven golden gates that mark the entrance to the palace, one can only imagine how magnificent it is inside. These famously beautiful brass doors with matching knockers are covered in intricate patterns and grace the covers of many Morocco travel books.

Dar al-Makhzen (Fez)Dar al-Makhzen (Fez)Dar al-Makhzen (Fez)

The doors are surrounded by tiles or zellis and carved cedar wood:

The current king of Morocco uses the palace when he visits Fez. It has stunning gardens, mosques, beautifully painted ceilings, and an ancient Quran study school or madrasah built in the XIV century.

The Dar al-Makhzen (Arabic: دار المخزن) of Fez is the royal palace of the King of Morocco in the city of Fez, Morocco. Its original foundation dates back to the foundation of Fes el-Jdid ("New Fez"), the royal citadel of the Marinid dynasty, in 1276 CE. Most of the palace today dates from the Alaouite era (XVII-XX centuries). The vast grounds are home to multiple private structures, patios, and gardens, but historically also included administrative offices and government tribunals. Today, the most publicly visible parts of the palace are its main entrances at the Old Mechouar (to the northeast) and the highly ornate XX-century gates at Place des Alaouites, near the Mellah (to the southwest). (


In top right corner is the royal crown of Marocco and Maroccan stars.

The green stars symbolize (each) the Five pillars of Islam.

coat of arms

On top is the coat of arms of Marocco.

The current coat of arms of Morocco (formally, the royal coat of arms) was introduced 14 August 1957. It was developed by the graphic artists Gauthier and Hainaut and shows a green pentagram, specifically a two-dimensional Penrose pentacle on a red background before the Atlas Mountains and a rising sun. The royal crown is on top. Two lions function as the holders of the shield. On the ribbon underneath, the Arabic inscription is written: (Arabic: إن تنصروا الله ينصركم‎) (If you glorify God, He will glorify you) (Quran, Verse 7, Sura 47).

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners. In words - on top.


100 Dirhams 2013

Tan-Tan MoussemTan-Tan Moussem

Tan-Tan Moussem, the annual gathering of the nomadic tribes of Southern Morocco - the banknote shows tents and Berbers on camels.

The Tan-Tan Moussem is an annual gathering of more than thirty tribes from southern Morocco and other parts of Northwest Africa in Tan-Tan, a town in south-western Morocco. In traditional Berber culture, a moussem is "a type of annual fair with economic, cultural and social functions."

This particular gathering was first held in 1963 to "promote local traditions and provide a place for exchange, meeting and celebration". It is said to have been associated with Mohamed Laghdaf, a Saharan leader who fought the French and Spanish colonizers for decades, died in 1960, and was buried near Tan-Tan. The gathering was banned by the authorities in 1979 due to security concerns, but was revived again in 2004 with the help of UNESCO and the Moroccan Ministry of Tourism. Originally it was held in May, but is currently held every December.

Nomadic tribes travel to the moussem from all over the Sahara, making it the largest gathering of nomadic tribes in northern Africa. Around 800 tents are set up to accommodate them, with some used for special exhibits on traditional Berber tribal life.

A wide variety of activities happen at the gathering. It is "an opportunity for tribes to socialize with song and dance, swap stories, share herbal remedy knowledge, compete in horse races and engage in some serious camel trading" and "buy, sell and exchange foodstuffs and other products, organize camel and horse-breeding competitions, celebrate weddings." Further, the festival includes "a range of cultural expressions such as musical performances, popular chanting, games, poetry contests and other Hassanie oral traditions." This moussem also includes the fantasia, a choreographed reenactment of an cavalry charge by Berber tribesmen who raise their rifles to the air and issue a warcry.

Wind farm Wind farm

Wind turbines, symbolizing renewable energy.

Scientists simulated what would happen if 9 million square kilometers of the Sahara desert were covered by renewable energy sources.

They focused on this region because there are few people living there and at the same time there is a lot of sun and wind. In addition, the Sahara is located close to major energy markets in Europe and the Middle East.

The researchers calculate that mass installation of wind and solar power plants in the desert will generate four times more energy than the world currently uses annually.

Previous studies have shown that the installation of wind and solar power plants will affect the temperature, but this study also showed an effect on vegetation.

"Our simulation results suggest that large-scale solar and wind farms in the Sahara will more than double rainfall, especially in the Sahel region, where rainfall will increase from 20 mm to 500 mm per year," said Yang Li, a scientist at the Illinois university and lead author of the study.

"As a result, the area of ​​vegetation will grow by about 20%," says the scientist.

In the Sahel, a semi-arid region located south of the Sahara, where there were wind farms, precipitation increased by 1.12 mm. per day, according to the study.

"The main message for people, politicians and investors is the enormous benefits to people, society and ecosystems from such wind and solar power plants," the researcher adds.

"In light of our results, we hope we can change our energy sources, as the main impact of such power plants on the climate is the reduction of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, which can minimize the effects of climate change. This will help save fresh water, food and life on our planet" , say the researchers. ( .rus).

Against the background are the patterns of Moroccan (Rabat) carpets.

"Every Moroccan carpet is a unique poem created by the soul and hands - no machine is such a power" - so translated poem, posted in a store in Meknes.

In the XVII century. Muslims who fled to Morocco from Andalusia spread the Persian technique of knotted weaving in their new homeland, meanwhile the local Berber tribes made their own carpets for centuries. There are three types of Moroccan carpets: Rabat - the Persian knot weave with Arabic pattern, Berber carpets of the Middle and High Atlas and kilims, thinner and not woven, but woven.

Over the past centuries, the technique of making carpets has changed little. In the extreme south of Morocco, nomadic tribes still use horizontal looms, transported in a collapsed state and each time pulled on pegs driven into the ground. Drawings are passed down from generation to generation, and carpet makers keep them in mind. Over a large carpet, several people work, each one is engaged in his own plot. Controls the manufacturing process master - tired, attached to each machine. Tired knows the scheme and colors of the whole drawing and often, referring to the workers, everyone in particular sings the names of colors and the number of knots. This rhythmic singing is mastered from an early age. They say that the legendary tired can recall from memory 50-60 drawings. In cities, the process is quickly mechanized, vertical machines are introduced - they allow you to work much faster - and drawings are copied from the samples.

Carpets from Rabat, with a classic mihrab pattern in the center, are similar to Arab carpets. Their characteristic colors are blue, gray and red in different shades. Although Moroccan carpets are quite expensive, they can not be called suitable objects of investment, as they are much inferior in quality to Turkish and Persian. Moroccan carpet in the room Berber carpets are very different, they are uniquely attached to the uniqueness of the patterns: each tribe has its own. At the same time, in the pattern of many carpets the main motif is repeated: these are bright straight lines, and between them a diamond-shaped ornament. This pattern is attributed to magical properties. There are also carpets depicting strange animals: apparently in the past mystical symbols, now they are called to attract the attention of tourists. Traditionally, such carpets are covered with the floor of the nomadic tent, or they are hung out, dividing the tent into separate rooms.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and at the bottom, right of center.


I found an interesting article "My Morocco" by Bruno Barbie, written as a childhood memory in the thirties years of creativity...

In my opinion it is very suitable in the subject of the banknote::

"I was born in Morocco and grew up in the cities of Salé, Rabat, Marrakech and Tangier." When I was very young, Salé seemed to me a real kingdom. "His strict medersa, the calls of the muezzin that merged with the incessant song of the sea, the waves crashing against the cliffs, the beauty of the cemetery I was fascinated by the fortress of Kasb Udaya, the necropolis of Chell, by the waters of the river Bou Regreg, gently beating the sides of the boats floating along it. * Later I lived in Marrakech, a red city located at the foot of the Atlas Mountains, and then - in Tangier, at Gibraltar Strait and Andalusia in the offing.

You can transfer from the desert sands of the Atlas Mountains and from the Atlantic coast to the Mediterranean coasts during the afternoon. Cultures and civilizations are mixed together here in the most incredible combination: Umayyad culture, Andalusian influences, Berber traditions, signs of the Jewish heritage. Despite everything, the Moroccans succeeded in maintaining a sense of human solidarity and harmony with nature. They adapted to the conditions of the modern world and at the same time preserved their own culture.

I conceived this book thirty years ago, when in the early seventies with his wife Caroline returned to his homeland. Since that time, I've come here to work and probably would not have been so crazy to continue the business for such a long time - do not find my childhood memories so bright and alive. The fact that in any other place could be of exceptional aesthetic interest, in Morocco - in the land of tradition - acquires qualities unique, humane features.

As elsewhere, the process of globalization takes its toll, but with all Morocco remains - how much more will it be? - the land is surprisingly calm, timeless. Look at the albums of Delacroix: regardless of the skills, even today you can sketch the same scenes at the corners of the bazaar streets. How many artists, photographers and writers who ever lived in Morocco, fell under the charm of its light, its features and its colors? Probably the most famous of all, Matisse, somehow admitted that this country forced him to re-think his palette.

A photographer here sometimes finds it so difficult to do his work, that before he starts to work with him, he must learn how to merge with the walls. Photographs must be taken very quickly, with all the ensuing risky consequences, or - after long periods of waiting, with boundless patience. Such was the price of these images made between 1970 and 2003. Memories of Morocco can only be captured through a respectful attitude towards it. "