header Notes Collection

200 Lira 2017, Turkey

in Krause book Number: 227
Years of issue: 2017
Signatures: Governor: Murat Uysal, Deputy Governor: Erkan Kilimci
Serie: Series 2009
Specimen of: 01.01.2009
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 160 x 72
Printer: Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası Banknot Matbaası, Ankara

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

200 Lira 2017




Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and denomination 200.


200 Lira 2017

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 - 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, reformist statesman, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament.

Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns led to victory in the Turkish War of Independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern and secular nation-state. Under his leadership, thousands of new schools were built, primary education was made free and compulsory, and women were given equal civil and political rights, while the burden of taxation on peasants was reduced. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

Above the denomination, in center - the five pointed star.

Top left are Braille dots for the visually impaired.

Metal insert - rose and dove.

On the right side is a hologram window with denomination inside.

Denominations in numerals are in lower eft and top right corners, in words and in numeral centered.


200 Lira 2017

Yunus Emre

Yunus Emre (also known as Derviş Yunus (Yunus the Dervish) (1238-1328) was a Turkish folk poet and Sufi mystic, who greatly influenced Turkish culture. His name, Yunus, is the equivalent to the English name Jonah. He wrote in Old Anatolian Turkish, an early stage of Turkish. The UNESCO General Conference unanimously passed a resolution declaring 1991, the 750th anniversary of the poet's birth, International Yunus Emre Year.

Yunus Emre has exercised immense influence on Turkish literature from his own day until the present, because Yunus Emre is, after Ahmed Yesevi and Sultan Walad, one of the first known poets to have composed works in the spoken Turkish of his own age and region rather than in Persian or Arabic. His diction remains very close to the popular speech of the people in Central and Western Anatolia. This is also the language of a number of anonymous folk-poets, folk-songs, fairy tales, riddles (tekerlemeler), and proverbs. Yunus Emre was a Sunni Muslim.

Like the Oghuz Book of Dede Korkut, an older and anonymous Central Asian epic, the Turkish folklore that inspired Yunus Emre in his occasional use of tekerlemeler as a poetic device had been handed down orally to him and his contemporaries. This strictly oral tradition continued for a long while. Following the Mongolian invasion of Anatolia, facilitated by the Sultanate of Rûm's defeat at the 1243 Battle of Köse Dağ, Islamic mystic literature thrived in Anatolia; Yunus Emre became one of its most distinguished poets. The poetry of Yunus Emre - despite being fairly simple on the surface - evidences his skill in describing quite abstruse mystical concepts in a clear way. He remains a popular figure in a number of countries, stretching from Azerbaijan to the Balkans, with seven different and widely dispersed localities disputing the privilege of having his tomb within their boundaries. Yunus Emre's most important book is Risaletu’n Nushiyye.

His poems, written in the tradition of Anatolian folk poetry, mainly concern divine love as well as human destiny.


On left side is Yunus Emre Complex and Tomb in Eskişehir (Yunus Emre Külliyesi ve Türbesi).

Yunus Emre Museum was opened to visitors by the Ministry of Culture in 1974 in Mihalıçcık district of Eskişehir.

Yunus Emre's tomb, which was found in Eskişehir in the XIII century, was destroyed during the Greek occupation, and a new tomb was built behind a fountain built in 1949.

The tomb sarcophagus, built in the style of the XVII century Seljuk architecture, decorated with rumi and palmette, was placed in the middle of an open mausoleum with eight columns, connected to each other by arches.

In 1982, a culture house, mosque and fountain were added to the place where this mausoleum is located. At the same time, a statue of Yunus Emre was placed here. In the museum established in the Culture House, books introducing Yunus Emre and plates containing Yunus Emre's quatrains are exhibited. There are architectural fragments and some ethnographic artifacts left from Yunus Emre's first tomb here. ( .tur)

In the center are the most memorable poetic lines of Yunus Emre - "Sevelim ve sevilelim", which translated from Turkish means "Let's love and be loved".

The roses and doves, symbolizing peace and poetry.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words lower, centered.


I got this banknote in Famagusta, North Cyprus, in September 2021.

Interesting fact: On larger denominations Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is looking exactly at you. The angle of his bust is turning more from you on smaller denominations. That's why Turks saying: "If you have just little money, then Ataturk will not even look at you".