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2 Kwacha 1986, Zambia

in Krause book Number: 24c
Years of issue: 1986
Edition: 22 208 369
Signatures: Governor: Dr. L. S. Chivuno (in office 1986-1988)
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 1980
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 134 x 68
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

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2 Kwacha 1986

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Kenneth David Kaunda

Avers:

2 Kwacha 1986

Kenneth David Kaunda (born 28 April 1924), also known as KK, served as the first President of Zambia, from 1964 to 1991. Kaunda is the youngest of eight children born to an ordained Church of Scotland missionary and teacher. He followed his father's steps in becoming a teacher. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from European rule. Dissatisfied with Nkumbula's leadership of the African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress, later becoming the head of the United National Independence Party. He was the first President of the independent Zambia.

Centered - the African Fish Eagle.

Haliaeetus vocifer

The African Fish Eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer) or the African Sea Eagle is a large species of eagle that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa wherever large bodies of open water occur that have an abundant food supply. It is the national bird of Zimbabwe, Zambia and South Sudan.

In the middle, on background is flower Thunbergia alata.

thunbergia alata

In much of the warmer world, Thunbergia alata, or black-eyed susan, is well known as a fast-growing, long-flowering, friendly creeper. In South Africa it is a general favourite as it is not fussy about soil, needs only moderate water, doesn't go rampant, is mostly evergreen and covers ugly places beautifully. It has even been honoured in the standard set of South African postage stamps.

It is found from tropical Africa southwards through the eastern parts of Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Swaziland to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape. (It has long been cultivated so the natural areas are not clear.) It has become naturalized in Asia and Malesia and is invasive in Hawaii and Australia. In Africa it is usually found on forest margins but it can occur in dryer, open areas. It is sometimes seen along roads near settlements, but it does not seem to become a nuisance. It needs full sun or light shade. It is half-hardy, needing fairly warm conditions but, with protection, young plants can survive some frost. In cold areas treat it as an annual.

Used mainly as an ornamental plant, Thunbergia alata makes a good screen when used to cover unsightly dead trees or walls. It needs some support, as it cannot cling. Use fences, trellises, arches, arbours and pillars or a lightly shading tree. (Pergolas would probably be too big.) Alternatively, plant this creeper in groups as a ground cover, or on a bank or terraces where it can trail downwards. Hanging baskets are also a possibility.

In East Africa, black-eyed susan is used as a vegetable or stock feed. Medicinally it is used for skin problems, cellulitis, back and joint pains, eye inflammation, piles and rectal cancer. Gall sickness and some ear problems in cattle are also treated with this plant. Some people can get contact dermatitis from it.

The Coat of arms of Zambia is lower, to the right side.

coat Zambia

The coat of arms of Zambia was adopted on 24 October 1964 when the Republic of Zambia reached its independence. This coat of arms is adapted from the arms of the Colony of Northern Rhodesia which dates to 1927.

The eagle of liberty African Fish Eagle represents the conquest of freedom and nation's hope for the future.

The pick and hoe represent the country's economic backbone: agriculture and mining, as well as the characteristics that have influenced Zambia's evolution and nature. The shield is a representation of Victoria Falls with white water cascading over black rock. The Victoria Falls represents the Zambezi river, from which Zambia takes its name. The coat of arms also has emblems of Zambia's natural resources: minerals and mining, agriculture and wildlife.

The shield is supported by two figures which represent the common man and woman of the nation. The country's motto is "One Zambia, One Nation", which emphasizes the need for unity in a country of over 60 ethnic groups.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words centered.

Revers:

2 Kwacha 1986

The teacher and the student on the left side, the school building is centered.

Chance of Association with the fact, that the first president was a teacher.

Denominations in numerals are in all corners. In words lower, centered.

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