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10 Pesos Oro 2002, Dominican Republic

in Krause book Number: 168
Years of issue: 2002
Edition: 65 000 000
Signatures: Gobernador del Banco Central: Frank Guerrero Prats, Secretario de Estado de Finanzas Fernando Alvarez Bogaert
Serie: No Serie
Specimen of: 2001
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 156 x 67
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Pesos Oro 2002

Description

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10 Pesos Oro 2002

Matías Ramón Mella, born 25 February 1816, is regarded as a national hero in the Dominican Republic. The Order of Merit of Duarte, Sanchez and Mella is partially named in his honor. He was a member of the First Republic's provisional governing board, convened 28 February 1844. Leader of the Dominican independence. In 1838, sixteen years after the entire island of La Hispaniola unified under the domination of Haiti, Mella participated with other Dominican patriots (most notably Juan Pablo Duarte and Francisco del Rosario Sanchez) in founding "The Trinity," a secret society with the aim of overthrowing the regime of Haitian dictator Jean Pierre Boyer.

Flowers of mahogany wood

Centered are the flowers of a national symbol (from 1957 till 2011) of Dominican Republic, mahogany wood (La Caoba, Swietenia mahagoni). It grows throughout most of Latin America, up to 35-50 meters in height and 1.8 m in diameter. Dense wood with a reddish tinge gave another name - red wood. Resistant to environmental influences, mahogany was the basic material for the manufacture of furniture in the Spanish colonies, which led to the brink of its extinction.

The seal of Dominican Bank and denomination are on the left side.

Denominations are in top and lower right corners.

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10 Pesos Oro 2002

El Altar de la Patria

El Altar de la Patria, or The Altar of the Homeland, is a white marble mausoleum in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic that houses the remains of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic: Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, and Ramón Matías Mella, collectively known as Los Trinitarios. Within the mausoleum there are statues of the founding fathers, carved by Italian sculptor Nicholas Arrighini. There is as well an "eternal flame" that is kept lit in memory of the patriots. The Altar is within the Baluatre del Conde and is the main attraction of the Parque Independencia (Independence Park).

Juan Pablo Duarte

In front of the Altar of the Homeland is the monument to Juan Pablo Duarte, which now stays inside of Altar.

Juan Pablo Duarte Díez (January 26, 1813 - July 15, 1876) is one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic. He was a visionary and liberal thinker, who along with Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Matías Ramón Mella, is widely considered to be the architect of the Dominican Republic and its independence from Haitian rule in 1844. He would help create the political-military organization La Trinitaria to fight against the Haitian occupation, achieve independence, and create a self-sufficient nation established on the liberal ideals of a democratic government.

Duarte helped supervise and finance the Dominican War of Independence, paying a heavy toll which would eventually ruin him financially. His then radical views would also make him a controversial figure among fellow Dominicans of the time, and he would be exiled at various occasions after the founding of the new nation. His liberal views went against the conservative elites who sought for heavy-handed control of the nation, and wanted to maintain the traditional regionalisms of the past. Duarte had strong disagreements with Pedro Santana in particular, who he saw as a tyrannical figure directly opposed to his ideals of liberty and independence. Ultimately, he would spend his last days away from the nation he helped shape and would die in exile, this made him a political martyr in the eyes of subsequent generations.

Las Caritas

Right of center are the Las Caritas ("The faces"). It is a collection of Indian inscriptions in a rock formation looking out over Lake Enriquillo in the Dominican Republic. The place is also called the Trono de Enriquillo ("Enriquillo's throne") because it is said the Taíno leader Enriquillo used to camp here during his rebellion.

Denominations are lower left and top right.

Comments:

All banknotes carry the phrase "Este billete tiene fuerza libertoria para el pago de todas las obligaciónes públicas o privadas". Literally translated as "This bill has the liberatory strength to be used as payment for all public or private obligations".