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1000 Kronor 2015, Sweden

in Krause book Number: 73
Years of issue: 01.10.2015 (printed in 2014)
Signatures: Johan Gernandt, Stefan Ingves
Serie: Kulturresan (2015-2016 Issue)
Specimen of: 04.2012
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 126 х 66
Printer: Tumba Bruk (Crane and Co.), Tumba, Sweden

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Kronor 2015



1000 Kronor 2015

Dag Hammarskjöld. Denomination 1000.


1000 Kronor 2015

Dag Hammarskjöld

The engraving on banknote was made after this photo of Dag Hammarskjöld. The photo was made in February 1956 by Canadian photographer Yousuf Karsh.

Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (29 July 1905 – 18 September 1961) was a Swedish economist and diplomat who served as the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. As of 2021, he remains the youngest person to have held the post, having been only 47 years old when he was appointed in 1953.

Hammarskjöld's tenure was characterized by efforts to strengthen the newly-formed UN both internally and externally. He led initiatives to improve morale and organisational efficiency while seeking to make the UN more responsive to global issues. He presided over the creation of the first UN peacekeeping forces in Egypt and the Congo, and personally intervened to defuse or resolve diplomatic crises. Hammarskjöld's second term was cut short when he died in a plane crash while en route to cease-fire negotiations during the Congo Crisis.

Hammarskjöld was and remains well regarded internationally as a capable diplomat and administrator, and his efforts to resolve various global crises led to him being the only posthumous recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. He is considered one of the two best UN secretaries-generals, along with his successor U Thant, and his appointment has been hailed as one of the most notable successes for the organization. U.S. President John F. Kennedy called Hammarskjöld "the greatest statesman of our century."

From 1930 to 1934, Hammarskjöld was Secretary of a governmental committee on unemployment. During this time he wrote his economics thesis, "Konjunkturspridningen" ("The Spread of the Business Cycle"), and received a doctorate from Stockholm University. In 1936, he became a secretary in Sweden's central bank, the Riksbank. From 1941 to 1948, he served as chairman of the Riksbank's General Council.

Hammarskjöld quickly developed a successful career as a Swedish public servant. He was state secretary in the Ministry of Finance 1936–1945, Swedish delegate to the Organization for European Economic Cooperation 1947–1953, cabinet secretary for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1949–1951 and minister without portfolio in Tage Erlander's government 1951–1953.

He helped coordinate government plans to alleviate the economic problems of the post-World War II period and was a delegate to the Paris conference that established the Marshall Plan. In 1950, he became head of the Swedish delegation to UNISCAN, a forum to promote economic cooperation between the United Kingdom and the Scandinavian countries. Although Hammarskjöld served in a cabinet dominated by the Social Democrats, he never officially joined any political party.

In 1951, Hammarskjöld was vice chairman of the Swedish delegation to the United Nations General Assembly in Paris. He became the chairman of the Swedish delegation to the General Assembly in New York in 1952. On 20 December 1954, he was elected to take his father's vacated seat in the Swedish Academy.


Right of Dag Hammarskjöld is Emblem of UN.

The emblem was prepared by the Representation Division of the United States Office of Strategic Services in April 1945.

The San Francisco Conference emblem is a circular depiction of the world map extending to 60th parallel south and 100th meridian west of Greenwich in a lower vertical position.

The Secretary General indicates that it is desirable for the Assembly to approve the sketch as the official seal and emblem of the EE, and on December 7, 1946, the Assembly approved the sketch. The revised emblem is a world map with a polar equidistant azimuth projection surrounded by two olive branches. These two symbols speak for themselves. The olive branch in ancient Greece served as a symbol of peace. The world map symbolizes the area that ensures the achievement of its main goal - the world. ( .rus)


On the right side is The United Nations Secretariat Building.

It is a 505-foot (154 m.) tall skyscraper and the centerpiece of the headquarters of the United Nations, in the Turtle Bay/East Midtown neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City. The lot where the building stands is considered to be under United Nations jurisdiction, although it remains geopolitically located within the United States. It is the first skyscraper in New York City to use a curtain wall.

The building was designed by the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer and the Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier.

One notable feature outside the building is a circular pool with a decorative fountain in its center, which was a gift from the children of the United States, paid for by small donations in schools from all across the country.

The building is connected to the Conference Building (which houses the General Assembly), the Security Council, and the Dag Hammarskjöld Library. It houses the administrative functions of the UN, including day-to-day duties such as finance and translation. As part of the UN complex, the building is subject to an agreement between the United Nations and its host country, the United States.

The groundbreaking ceremony for the Secretariat Building occurred on September 14, 1948. A consortium of four contracting companies from Manhattan and Queens were selected to construct the Secretariat Building as part of a $30 million contract.

The 39-story Secretariat Building was completed in 1950 (construction started in 1947), making it the first new structure at the UN Headquarters. Staff started moving in as early as August of that year and it was fully occupied by June 1951.

The UN Secretariat Building was renovated starting in May 2010, and reopened in phases with the first occupants moving in July 2012. On October 29, 2012, the basement of the UN complex was flooded due to Hurricane Sandy, leading to a three-day closure and the relocation of several offices.

The building style has inspired the construction of other curtain wall buildings in Manhattan, such as Lever House, Corning Glass Building, and Springs Mills Building.

1000 Kronor 2015

The denomination repeated several times, placed by Dag Hammarskjöld’s collar: "100010001000100010001000100010001000100010001000100010001000". Text by the denomination on the right side, repeated several times: "SVERIGESRIKSBANK SVERIGESRIKSBANK SVERIGESRIKSBANK".

1000 Kronor 2015

Text on the gable of the UN building ("All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. UNs Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1"), written with no spaces or punctuation and repeated several times: "ALLAMÄNNISKORÄRFÖDDAFRIAOCHLIKAIVÄRDEOCH RÄTTIGHETERDEHARUTRUSTATSMEDFÖRNUFTOCH SAMVETEOCHBÖRHANDLAGENTEMOTVARANDRAIEN ANDAAVGEMENSKAPFNSALLMÄNNAFÖRKLARINGOM DEMÄNSKLIGARÄTTIGHETERNAARTIKEL1". Text on the short edge, repeated several times: "SVERIGESRIKSBANK SVERIGESRIKSBANK SVERIGESRIKSBANK".

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. In words at the top.


1000 Kronor 2015


Laponia - world heritage.

On July 22, 1934, Dag Hammarskjold climbed to the top of Sarektjåhkkå with his comrade!

On banknote is a mountain motif in Swedish Lapland or Laponia from a photograph taken by Swedish photographer Claes Grundsten on July 24, 1998 from the summit Sarektjåhkkå (the highest mountain in the region, height - 2089 meters), looking north-west over the Sarektjåhkkå massif. The pointed summit to the left is Gávabákte (height - 1906 meters), and the one on the far right is Niják (height - 650 meters). The motif is located within Sarek National Park and the Laponian Area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Laponia is a large mountainous wilderness area in Lapland, in northern Sweden. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996; most of it has enjoyed the status of protected areas since the beginning of the XX century. The area has been listed as a heritage site for both natural and cultural reasons. The total area is approximately 9,400 square kilometers (3,600 sq mi.), making it the world's largest wilderness area. In fact, only part of the area is used by the Sami for reindeer pastures. With such a large area, the geography of the area varies greatly; it is dominated by mountains, rivers and lakes. Each nature reserve and national park has its own distinctive features. There is a lot of snow in winter and rain in summer. 95% of the territory is located in the territories of national parks or reserves. Laponia consists of the national parks Muddus, Sarek, Padjelanta and Stora Schöfallet, as well as the Shaunya and Stubba nature reserves. The remaining 5% are in the Sulitelma, Tjuoltadalen and Rapadalen regions (some of which are in Sarek National Park). The village of Porius is a natural point in Laponia, where an information center has recently opened. The area also has three main hydroelectric power plants with adjoining basins, and a large expansion, with 100 wind farms, is planned within this area.

Drýas octopétala

At the bottom - Dryas octopetala, the mountain avens, eightpetal mountain-avens, white dryas or white dryad, is an Arctic–alpine flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. It is a small prostrate evergreen subshrub forming large colonies. The specific epithet octopetala derives from the Greek octo (eight) and petalon (petal), referring to the eight petals of the flower, an unusual number in the Rosaceae, where five is the normal number. However, flowers with up to 16 petals also occur naturally.

As a floral emblem, it is the official territorial flower of the Swedish Lappland, Northwest Territories and the national flower of Iceland.

1000 Kronor 2015

The symbolic polar circle with a mini-text that can be read with a magnifying glass (translated: never measure the height of a mountain until you reach the top. Then you will see how low it is. Dag Hammarskjold, Marking): "nått toppen. Då ska du se hur lågt det var. Dag Hammarskjold, Vägmärken".

1000 Kronor 2015

Map of the province of Lapland, the nature of which aroused great interest in Dag Hammarskjöld.

Dag Hammarskjold was fond of poetry from his youth. At Uppsala University, he specialized in French history and French literature. After his death, a manuscript was found, consisting of diary entries, poems (including in the haiku genre) and notes dating from 1925 to 1961. In 1963, the book was published under the name Vägmärken (possible translations into Russian - "Milestones", literally "Travel signs" - according to experts, this refers to the biblical image: "put yourself a road signs", Book of the Prophet Jeremiah, 31:21); in 1964, this book was published in English, translated and with a foreword by the famous Anglo-American poet Wystan Hugh Auden (1907-1973).

Another serious hobby of Hammarskjold was photography. Many pictures were taken by him during his numerous trips to the mountains of northern Sweden and are dedicated to the beauties of nature. In 2005, on the 100th anniversary of his birth, a photo album with black and white photographs taken by Hammarskjold was released in Sweden, to which about 30 of his haiku poems from the book Vägmärken were selected.

Denominations in numerals are in top right and lower left corners. In words on top.


I got this banknote in Stockholm, on 20 May 2021.

Banknote paper: Manufactured of cotton fibres that are not fluorescent, which is to say they do not emit any light under ultraviolet light (other types of paper may emit a bluish glow).

Banknote numbers: The letters indicate the year in which the banknote was printed. A = 2013, B = 2014 etc. The two first digits indicate where on the printing sheet the banknote was printed. The final seven digits are a serial number.

Safety features:

Colour-shifting image linked to the person portrayed on the banknote, in this case an olive branch. The banknote's denomination, 1,000, is also shown in the image. The image and the denomination gradually change colour between gold and green when you tilt the banknote.

Intaglio print, which makes the paper feel like a banknote and gives it a noticeable raised surface. Run your thumb over it or scrape lightly with a fingernail. Intaglio printing has been used for the portrait, denominations and the text SVERIGESRIKSBANK.

Watermark with the banknote's denomination and portrait that are visible when you hold the banknote to the light. The denomination appears significantly lighter than the rest of the paper.

Security thread embedded in the banknote paper. Visible as a dark line when you hold the banknote up to the light.

A pattern that, together with a matching pattern on the reverse, forms the denomination when you hold the banknote to the light.

UV image (three crowns) that fluoresces (glows) yellow and blue under ultraviolet light. On reverse same feature has denomination 1000 in square, but fluoresces (glows) green.

UV fibres spread across the entire banknote that fluoresce (glow) yellow and blue under ultraviolet light.

In spring 2011, the Riksbank announced a competition for the design of Sweden’s new banknotes. The competition was open to artists, graphic artists, designers and architects and was concluded in April 2012.

After a jury had assessed all entries, the General Council of the Riksbank decided to appoint Göran Österlund's entry Kulturresan (Cultural Journey) as winner. It thus formed the artistic base for the new banknotes.

The competition jury consisted of four members of the General Council of the Riksbank and two artistic experts. The General Council members were Peter Egardt (Chairman), Anders Karlsson, Sonia Karlsson and Allan Widman. The artistic experts were Jordi Arkö and Karin Granqvist.

The portraits on the banknotes were engraved by Gunnar Nehls. The composition of the banknotes was created by Crane AB's design team under the leadership of Karin Mörck Hamilton. The composition is based on the artistic starting point developed by Göran Österlund.

The main substances in Swedish banknotes are cotton (cellulose), synthetic polymers, such as polyester, water and titanium dioxide. The notes are printed using banknote printing inks on banknote paper. The paper is made from cotton fibres that contain various security features, such as security bands, an embedded security thread and invisible UV fluorescent fibres.

The printing inks for offset printing, intaglio, UV fluorescent printing and screen printing contain pigments (organic and inorganic), resin, mineral oils, vegetable oils, waxes (natural and synthetic) and drying agents (cobalt acetate).

The embedded security thread contains iron and aluminium, among other substances.

The banknotes also contain very small amounts of other additives that make the paper stronger. These include, for instance, CarboxyMethylCellulose, epichlorohydrin resin and N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone.

The banknotes have special details in intaglio print which makes it easier for visually-impaired people to tell them apart.

N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidone is harmful in concentrated form but the banknotes contain very small quantities. According to investigations made by the Riksbank and the banknote supplier, there are no health risks in handling banknotes.

The submission proposed providing the banknotes with GPS coordinates and so-called QR Codes. However, the jury deems that this proposal is neither practical nor appropriate from a security standpoint, and thus assumes that it will not be realized. (