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1000 Francs 1962, Republic of Congo

in Krause book Number: 2a
Years of issue: 15.02.1962
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1962 Issue
Specimen of: 01.08.1953
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 185 x 106
Printer: TDLR (Thomas de la Rue & Company), London

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1000 Francs 1962




On watermark field is an inscription: "Emission du Conseil Monétaire de la République du Congo".

In English:"Issue of the Monetary Council of the Republic of Congo".

On the issues of the same banknote, during the existence of the Belgian Congo, the watermark was the head of a water goat (which is shown on the reverse of the banknote).

On this issue, after the Republic of the Congo gained independence from Belgium, the watermark was removed and replaced with this overprint. The signatures were also removed.

However, it seems to me that there are still some slightly noticeable watermarks on the paper, in the form of obscure patterns. I have not exactly considered it yet, but I put the photo here.


1000 Francs 1962

Frame composed of guilloche forms in rehearsal. The value "1000" is repeated in all corners. A security background is made up of small scrolls intertwined in repetition and a large rose in pink and blue in the center of the note. On the sides, the Congolese stars are printed in white. On the upper border, the issuing institute "CENTRAL BANK OF BELGIAN CONGO AND RWANDA-URUNDI", then the date of issue in black and below, the value "THOUSAND FRANCS", words "Payable at the sight" ("Payables a vue").

Below, a scene at the edge of a river with palm trees, two men in dugouts and houses.

boatsA dugout or dugout canoe is a boat made from a hollowed tree trunk. Other names for this type of boat are logboat and monoxylon. Monoxylon (μονόξυλον) (pl: monoxyla) is Greek - mono- (single) + ξύλον xylon (tree) - and is mostly used in classic Greek texts. In Germany they are called einbaum ("one tree" in English). Some, but not all, pirogues are also constructed in this manner.

The well-watered tropical rainforest and woodland regions of sub-Saharan Africa provide both the waterways and the trees for dugout canoes, which are commonplace from the Limpopo River basin in the south through East and Central Africa and across to West Africa. African Teak is the timber favoured for their construction, though this comprises a number of different species, and is in short supply in some areas. Dugouts are paddled across deep lakes and rivers or punted through channels in swamps (makoro) or in shallow areas, and are used for transport, fishing and hunting, including, in the past, the very dangerous hunting of hippopotamus. Dugouts are called pirogues in Francophone areas of Africa.


On the left in a medallion with a decorated outline, the profile portrait of a young Moliro man.

Moliro is a community in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo beside Lake Tanganyika on the border with Zambia. It is in Tanganyika province.

The Congo Free State Enclave of Moliro was founded in 1902, with its own fort and detachment of soldiers, one of three such military divisions in northeastern Katanga.

During the negotiations to end the Second Congo War (1998-2003), in March 2002 the rebel group Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie (RCD-Goma) attacked and captured Moliro. The UN Security Council demanded that "RCD-Goma troops withdraw immediately and without condition from Moliro and ... all parties withdraw to the defensive positions called for in the Harare disengagement sub-plans". The talks were suspended for two weeks until the RCD evacuated the village. (


1000 Francs 1962

Kobus ellipsiprymnus

A waterbuck antelope quenches its throat by the edge of a river.

The waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is a large antelope, found widely in sub-Saharan Africa. It is placed in the genus Kobus of the family Bovidae. It was first described by Irish naturalist William Ogilby in 1833. The thirteen subspecies are grouped under two varieties: the common or ellipsen waterbuck and the defassa waterbuck. The head-and-body length is typically between 177-235 cm. (70-93 in.) and the average height is between 120 and 136 cm. (47 and 54 in.). A sexually dimorphic antelope, males are taller as well as heavier than females. Males reach approximately 127 cm. (50 in.) at the shoulder, while females reach 119 cm. (47 in.). Males typically weigh 198-262 kg. (437-578 lb.) and females 161-214 kg. (355-472 lb.). The coat colour varies from brown to grey. The long, spiral horns, present only on males, curve backward, then forward and are 55-99 cm. (22-39 in.) long.

Waterbuck are rather sedentary in nature. A gregarious animal, the waterbuck may form herds consisting of six to 30 individuals. These groups are either nursery herds with females and their offspring or bachelor herds. Males start showing territorial behaviour from the age of five years, but are most dominant from the age of six to nine. The waterbuck can not tolerate dehydration in hot weather, and thus inhabits areas close to sources of water. Predominantly a grazer, the waterbuck is mostly found on grassland. In equatorial regions, breeding takes place throughout the year, but births are at their peak in the rainy season. The gestational period lasts for seven to eight months, followed by the birth of a single calf.

Waterbuck inhabit scrub and savanna areas along rivers, lakes and valleys. Due to their requirement for grasslands as well as water, the waterbuck have a sparse ecotone distribution. The IUCN lists the waterbuck as being of Least Concern. More specifically, the common waterbuck is listed as of Least Concern while the defassa waterbuck is Near Threatened. The population trend for both the common and defassa waterbuck is downwards, especially that of the latter, with large populations being eliminated from certain habitats because of hunting and human disturbance.