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5 Dinars 1981, Libya

in Krause book Number: 45a
Years of issue: 1981
Edition:
Signatures: Governor of Central bank of Libya: Mr. Kasem M.Sherlala (in office from 1969 till 1980)
Serie: 1980 Issue
Specimen of: 1980
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 172 x 86
Printer: Unknown printer

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

5 Dinars 1981

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Emblem of Libya.

coat

Despite the fact that the banknotes went into circulation in 1981, it shows the coat of arms of the Federation of Arab Republics 1972-1977.

In 1972, Libya, Egypt and Syria, at the suggestion of Gaddafi, merged into the Federation of Arab Republics. The FAR's coat of arms is the so-called Quraish hawk (taken from the coat of arms of Syria), turning its head to the right and holding a scroll with the official name of the confederation: اتحاد الجمهوريات العربية (Ittiḥād al-Jumhūrīyāt al-‘Arab).

Avers:

5 Dinars 1981

In the center there is a rosette with an Arabic pattern.

camel

On left side are Dromedar female Camel with a baby camel.

Camelus dromedarius Camelus dromedarius

The dromedary, also called the Somali camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back. The dromedary is the tallest of the three species of camel; adult males stand 1.8-2 m. (5.9-6.6 ft) at the shoulder, while females are 1.7-1.9 m. (5.6-6.2 ft.) tall. Males typically weigh between 400 and 600 kg. (880 and 1,320 lb.), and females weigh between 300 and 540 kg. (660 and 1,190 lb.). The species' distinctive features include its long, curved neck, narrow chest, a single hump (compared with two on the Bactrian camel and wild Bactrian camel), and long hairs on the throat, shoulders and hump. The coat is generally a shade of brown. The hump, 20 cm. (7.9 in.) tall or more, is made of fat bound together by fibrous tissue.

Camelus dromedarius Camelus dromedarius

Dromedaries are mainly active during daylight hours. They form herds of about 20 individuals, which are led by a dominant male. This camel feeds on foliage and desert vegetation; several adaptations, such as the ability to tolerate losing more than 30% of its total water content, allow it to thrive in its desert habitat. Mating occurs annually and peaks in the rainy season; females bear a single calf after a gestation of 15 months.

The dromedary has not occurred naturally in the wild for nearly 2,000 years. It was probably first domesticated in Somalia or the Arabian Peninsula about 4,000 years ago. In the wild, the dromedary inhabited arid regions, including the Sahara Desert. The domesticated dromedary is generally found in the semi-arid to arid regions of the Old World, mainly in Africa, and a significant feral population occurs in Australia. Products of the dromedary, including its meat and milk, support several north Arabian tribes; it is also commonly used for riding and as a beast of burden.

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5 Dinars 1981

Al-Hani

Monument Al Hani in Tripoli (capital of Libya), dedicated to the memory of the victims of the Battle of Al Hani during the Italian-Turkish campaign in 1911.

Unfortunately, I found only one photo of the monument on the network and no more information about it - when it was built, who is the sculptor, in what year it was erected, where (in fact) it is located in Tripoli, I also have not yet been able to find it ... all this, for now, unanswered questions.

It is only known that this is the site of a significant battle during the 1911 Libyan uprising. Muammar Gaddafi also claimed that this was the burial place of his father. Thus, this monument had both a personal meaning for Gaddafi, and was still important for the idea of ​​freedom of Libya. That is why he was depicted on the banknote.

Now about what I was able to unearth about the events of 1911:

Battle of Al Hani (Al-Shat Street): Monday, Shawval 29, 1329 AH, which corresponds to 23 October 1911 AD. The battle of the Libyan "jihad" or the battle against the Italian invasion.

Conflict: Italian invasion of Libya.

Date: Monday, Shawwal 29, AH 1329, which corresponds to October 23, 1911

Location: Tripoli.

Result: The Italians retreated and remained on the coast.

Warring parties: Libyan resistance - Italy.

Leaders: Neshatbek and Suleiman Pasha, General Baron Caneva.

The Italians made several attempts to regain their former defensive positions during the campaign. After their landing in Tripoli, they felt strong resistance from the Ottoman forces and their tribal forces around the city of Tripoli. The Italians' task was to expand the field for the advancement of troops in the completion of their colonial project, as their forces remained in a confined space since they landed in the city of Tripoli, and they began preparations for an attack after they received a lot of military support that arrived in the port of Tripoli on 23 November 1911 AD.

Al-Hani

Al Hani is considered to be the first major battle that took place around the city of Tripoli, and the events of the battle covered all parts of the city, from Karkarsh in the west to Bou Sitta and Souk Al Jum in the east, through the south - where the Al Manshey area included the territory of Fashlum Al-Dahra and now extends to Tahrir Square.

In the area, prickly pear barricades were erected to help hide the Mujahideen at the start of the battle. When the Mujahideen command decided to attack Italian forces in Tripoli, young Libyan officers who participated in the Turkish army saw the Manshey area, it was full of residents with weapons and military equipment, which they took from Turkish armories abandoned after the Turkish garrison left Tripoli. The Italian troops were never able to withdraw these weapons from them before the date they indicated. The Libyan rebels could be used because of the inside of the Italians 'defensive centers that they established when they occupied cities such as Bou Miliana, Al Hani and Karkarsh to encourage them to attack behind their soldiers' lines. Ibrahim Muhammad al-Zawawi (one of the leaders of the Libyans) and others agreed to such a plan of revolution two days before the battle - at the same time as the Libyans in the defense centers of the Italians of Karkarsh and Bou Meliana, the people of the Manshey area would take over the city with their force to start here the panic of the Italian troops. (Mohamed Madi)

There is another note from 1972:

"A mass rally took place last week (1972) in El Hani, in honor of the 1911 victory of the Libyan nationalists over the Italian troops.

Libyan leader Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, in his address to the people, noted the similarity of the events of 1911 with the situation in the Arab world today. He said that "the Arab nation must study history, and that Arab unity is essential for the liberation of Palestine, the industrialization of oil, independence and the achievement of prosperity and progress."

Colonel Gaddafi was accompanied by Sultan Qaboos bin Said, the leader of Oman, in a wreath-laying ceremony at the Al-Hani monument.

The 1911 veterans were joined by supporters of the Libyan leader in a procession honoring Colonel Gaddafi and Sultan Qaboos.

Colonel Gaddafi said that in order to protect the goals of the martyrs of Al-Hani, Arab unity must be realized "and that" Arabs will be defeated if divided and divided." (nacekomie.ru .rus)

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