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20 Naira 2011, Nigeria

in Krause book Number: 34
Years of issue: 05.11.2011
Signatures: Governor: Sanusi Lamido Aminu Sanusi (in office from 03.06.2009 till 20.02.2014), Director of currency operations: Muhammad Nda
Serie: 2006 Issue
Specimen of: 2006
Material: Polymer
Size (mm): 130 × 72
Printer: Nigerian Security Printing and Minting Company Limited, Lagos, Abuja

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

20 Naira 2011



logo watermark

Abbreviation of the Central Bank of Nigeria - CBN. In a transparent window (and above) is the logo of the Nigerian Bank.


20 Naira 2011

Murtala Ramat (Rufai) Mohammed

General Murtala Muhammed (8 November 1938 – 13 February 1976) was a Nigerian Army general who was 4th Head of State of Nigeria from 1975 until his assassination in 1976.

Murtala Mohammed was born on 8 November 1938 in Kano, Nigeria to a Sunni Muslim family. He joined the Nigerian Army in 1958 and served with the United Nations peacekeeping force during the Congo Crisis before supporting the 1966 July Counter Coup against Head of State Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, although Yakubu Gowon beat him to the title of Head of State. During the Nigerian Civil War, Mohammed ordered the summary execution of Biafran prisoners-of-war and was known as a cruel man, and in 1975 he overthrew Gowon to take power for himself. He decided to increase the role of the private sector and was a supporter of leftism, supporting the MPLA during the Angolan Civil War, and he angered the United States as a result. On 13 February 1976, Buka Suka Dimka led a coup against Mohammed, and mutinous soldiers kiled Mohammed and his aide-de-camp Akintunde Akinsehinwa while they were driving to the Dodan Barracks in Lagos. Olusegun Obasanjo took over, as the coup was aborted and the conspirators killed. (

On background are Nigerian patterns.


20 Naira 2011

Tp, left is Nigerian map outline in national flag colours.

Dr. Hadiza Ladi Kwali

Ladi Kwali was probably the best known of the Abuja potters. Making pots was women’s work in the Nigerian villages, and Ladi came to Abuja with a knowledge of traditional Nigerian pottery.

The large pots used for water storage were made from spiralled coils of clay, beaten from the inside with an implement like a potter’s rib or a spoon, and fired in the open air by covering them in dry vegetation and lighting it.

Ladi was later to become a very popular member of the touring lecture team; her easy nature and ability to communicate made her well liked and appreciated in Europe, Britain and America. She became Nigeria’s best known potter and has been honoured in many ways.

Dr. Hadiza Ladi Kwali was born in 1925, in the village of Kwali in the Gwari region of Northern Nigeria. There, pottery was a common occupation among women so she learnt the art from her aunty using the traditional method of coiling. During her first professional years, the traditional cultural environment moved her to produced pottery pieces that were influenced by the Gbagyi tradition and accentuated with personal idioms. She made large pots for use as water jars and cooking pots from coils of clay, beaten from the inside with a flat wooden paddle, decorated with incised geometric and stylised figurative patterns. (

Dr. Hadiza Ladi Kwali

Ladi Kwali Pottery was established by a British potter of international repute for the preservation and promotion of traditional (motifs) pottery.

The city of Abuja and her pottery became well known all over the world because there are good traditional potters with rich pottery making traditions in the area. Abuja pottery is in high demand in Nigeria and the United Kingdom.

The centre was previously known as Abuja Pottery before it was renamed Ladi Kwali Pottery – the famous Nigerian porter – in the early 1980s.


On the right side is the Achievement of Nigeria.

An achievement for Nigeria was granted by Queen Elizabeth by Royal Warrant of 20 May 1960, four months before Independence. It is:

Arms: Sable, a pall wavy Argent.

Crest: On a wreath Argent and Vert, an eagle rising Gules

Supporters: Two horses Argent.


Compartment: A grassy ground strewn with Cocti Spectabilis all proper.

The pall wavy symbolizes the confluence of the rivers Benue and Niger, dividing the country in the Northern, Western and Eastern Regions. The wreath is in the colors of the flag and the red eagle is a symbol of power and resoluteness. The two horses symbolize the dignity of the people. They are standing on a grassy ground strewn with the national flower, symbolizing the territory of Nigeria.

According to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1979, Chapter II, 15 - 1 “The motto of the Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”.