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50 Kuna 1941, Croatia

in Krause book Number: 1a
Years of issue: 26.07.1941 - 09.07.1945
Edition: 14 000 000
Signatures: Ministar narodnog gospodarstva: Dr. Lovro Sušić
Serie: Nezavisna Država Hrvatska
Specimen of: 26.05.1941
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 75
Printer: Giesecke und Devrient GmbH, Leipzig

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** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Kuna 1941




Tuning-fork pattern.


50 Kuna 1941

The drawing on the banknote is bordered on the left and right by a wide decorative frame, in the upper part of which there is a round frame bearing the Croatian coat of arms on the left and a value mark "50" on the right. Below the frame lining there is a triple decoration on each side. The central part of the drawing between the described edges is framed at the top and bottom by a corrugated ribbon. In the middle part of the drawing, on a wavy intertwined decorated background, the basic technical data of the banknote are written.


In top left corner is the coat of arms of the Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945).

Coat of Arms of Independent State of Croatia is a shield of 25 square white (silver) and red (blood colors) shields, arranged alternately in five rows so that the starting field is white (silver). On the coat of arms it is a star-shaped figure in a troplet of a vase of the same red color, that frames a white field with the big letter U in dark blue color.

Letter U comes from The Ustaša – Croatian Revolutionary Movement (Croatian: Ustaša – Hrvatski revolucionarni pokret), commonly known as Ustaše (Croatian: Ustaše), was a Croatian fascist, racist, ultranationalist and terrorist organization, active, as one organization, between 1929 and 1945. Its members murdered hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews, and Roma as well as political dissidents in Yugoslavia during World War II.

They are variously known in English as the Ustaše, Ustashe, Ustashi, Ustahis, or Ustashas; with the associated adjective sometimes being Ustashe or Ustasha, apart from Ustaše. This variance stems from the fact that Ustaše is the plural form of Ustaša in the Serbo-Croatian language.

The ideology of the movement was a blend of fascism, Roman Catholicism and Croatian nationalism. The Ustaše supported the creation of a Greater Croatia that would span the Drina River and extend to the border of Belgrade. The movement emphasized the need for a racially "pure" Croatia and promoted genocide against Serbs, Jews and Romani people, and persecution of anti-fascist or dissident Croats and Bosniaks. The Ustaše viewed the Bosniaks as "Muslim Croats," and as a result, Bosniaks were not persecuted on the basis of race.


50 Kuna 1941

The drawing is placed in a wavy intertwined tab-shaped frame, which is bordered on the inside by a ribbon. All four corners have a value of "50" in star-shaped uniform ornaments.The background inside the frame consists of wavy fields in the shape of a chessboard of the Croatian national coat of arms, whose squares are highlighted with light and dark prints. On the star-shaped decoration in the middle there is a value mark "50" in large decorated and dark-bordered numbers. Between both numbers is the letter "U", an abbreviation for Ustaša. Banknote author initials "LJ. B." are located in the middle below the lower part of this star-shaped ornament.


Designer: Ljubo Babić.

Protective elements:

- watermark in a form of continuous geometric "voice fork" pattern

- impregnated red and blue snake-shaped ribbons, on which is written in small letters

NEZAVISNA DRŽAVA HRVATSKA (Independent State of Croatia).

Series of issued banknotes:

A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, O up to Nr. 0999999 in serial.