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50 Kroner 1942, Denmark

in Krause book Number: 32d
Years of issue: 1942
Edition: --
Signatures: Brun Svendsen, Pugh
Serie: Heilmannserien
Specimen of: 1938
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 157 х 100
Printer: Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

50 Kroner 1942

Description

Watermark:

Gerhard HeilmannBig denomination "50" and inscription: Danmarks Nationalbank.

Avers:

50 Kroner 1942

Centered fishermen in a boat pulling fishnet, on the top is a semi-circle ornament of hops with fruits.

Humulus

Humulus, hop, is a small genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae, which also includes cannabis. The hop is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The species H. lupulus is the main flavour ingredient in many types of beer, and as such is widely cultivated for use by the brewing industry.

An inscription: "NATIONALBANKENS SEDLER INDLØSES MED GULD EFTER GÆLDENDE LOV. DANMARKS NATIONALBANK" ("National Banknotes Redeemable in gold by applicable law of Denmarks Nationalbank").

Lower, weakly, indicated a field of flowers and leaves. Denominations in numerals are on right and left sides. Centered in words.

Revers:

50 Kroner 1942

In the middle is the coat of arms, two denominations around.

coat

The national coat of arms of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks rigsvåben) consists of three crowned blue lions accompanied by nine red hearts, all in a golden shield, the crown on top.

As the frame are the branches of oak (left) and birch (right).

akant

On right and left sides, at background, are the leafs of acanthus.

The acanthus is one of the most common plant forms to make foliage ornament and decoration.

The decoration is made by analogy with the herbaceous plant of acanthus acanthus family, native to the Mediterranean. The shape of its leaves, with a few sharp edges, resembling a bear's paw, was the basis for the drawing.

Acanthus often represents life and immortality.

Comments:

All Danish banknotes issued since 1945, remain in force and will be exchanged at face value by the Danish National Bank.

Designer: Gerhard Heilmann.

Gerhard HeilmannGerhard Heilmann (later sometimes spelt "Heilman") (25 June 1859 - 26 March 1946) was a Danish artist and paleontologist who created artistic depictions of Archaeopteryx, Proavis and other early bird relatives apart from writing The Origin of Birds, a pioneering and influential account of bird evolution. Heilmann lacked a formal training in science although he studied medicine briefly before shifting to art. His ideas on bird evolution were first written in Danish in the "Dansk Ornitologisk Tidsskrift". Heilmann received little help and often got considerable opposition from Danish professional zoologists of the time and he in turn often made dismissive remarks on the ideas of some of the established scientists of the time. The English edition however reached out to a much larger audience and influenced ideas in bird evolution for nearly half a century.