header Notes Collection

10 Kroner 1945, Denmark

in Krause book Number: 37с
Years of issue: 1945
Edition: --
Signatures: Blomster Halberg, Friis
Serie: The Substitution Series
Specimen of: 1945
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 132 х 79
Printer: Egmont H. Petersen (book printer), Banknote Printing Works and The Royal Danish Mint, Copenhagen

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10 Kroner 1945



Gerhard HeilmannTwo denominations "10" and inscription: Danmarks Nationalbank.


10 Kroner 1945

Algae ornament on the perimeter.

Laminaria digitataLaminaria digitata is a large brown alga in the family Laminariaceae, also known by the common name Oarweed. It is found in the sub littoral zone of the northern Atlantic Ocean.

L. digitata is a tough, leathery, dark brown seaweed that grows to two or three meters. The holdfast which anchors it to the rock is conical and has a number of spreading root-like protrusions called rhizoids. The stipe or stalk is flexible and oval in cross section. The blade is large and shaped like the palm of a hand with a number of more or less regular finger-like segments. This seaweed can be distinguished from the rather similar Laminaria hyperborea by being darker in colour and having a shorter stripe that does not easily snap when bent.

L digitata occurs in the north west Atlantic from Greenland south to Cape Cod and in the north east Atlantic from northern Russia and Iceland south to France. It is common round the coasts of the British Isles except for much of the east coast of England.

On background are the sea grass, shells and snails.

An inscription: "NATIONALBANKENS SEDLER INDLØSES MED GULD EFTER GÆLDENDE LOV. DANMARKS NATIONALBANK" ("National Banknotes Redeemable in gold by applicable law of Denmarks Nationalbank").

Denominations are in numerals and in words.


10 Kroner 1945

Denominations and the danish coat of arms on pattern are centered.


The national coat of arms of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks rigsvåben) consists of three crowned blue lions accompanied by nine red hearts, all in a golden shield, the crown on top.


All Danish banknotes issued since 1945, remain in force and will be exchanged at face value by the Danish National Bank.

Designer: Gerhard Heilmann.

Gerhard HeilmannGerhard Heilmann (later sometimes spelt "Heilman") (25 June 1859 - 26 March 1946) was a Danish artist and paleontologist who created artistic depictions of Archaeopteryx, Proavis and other early bird relatives apart from writing The Origin of Birds, a pioneering and influential account of bird evolution. Heilmann lacked a formal training in science although he studied medicine briefly before shifting to art. His ideas on bird evolution were first written in Danish in the "Dansk Ornitologisk Tidsskrift". Heilmann received little help and often got considerable opposition from Danish professional zoologists of the time and he in turn often made dismissive remarks on the ideas of some of the established scientists of the time. The English edition however reached out to a much larger audience and influenced ideas in bird evolution for nearly half a century.