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5 Bolivianos 1989, Bolivia

in Krause book Number: 203b
Years of issue: 1989
Signatures: Presidente a.i. B.C.B: Jacques Trigo Loubiere, Gerente General a.i. B.C.B: Ricardo Rojas M.
Serie: 1986 Issue
Specimen of: 28.11.1986
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 140 x 69
Printer: Francois-Charles Oberthur Fiduciaire SA, Colombes

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5 Bolivianos 1989




Portrait of Simon Bolivar.

Simon Bolivar

The engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Simon Bolivar.

On the right side is Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte y Blanco (24 July 1783 - 17 December 1830), commonly known as Simon Bolivar, was a Venezuelan military and political leader. Bolívar played a key role in Latin America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas.

Following the triumph over the Spanish monarchy, Bolívar participated in the foundation of the first union of independent nations in Hispanic-America, a republic, now known as Gran Colombia, of which he was president from 1819 to 1830. Bolívar is regarded as a hero, visionary, revolutionary, and liberator in Hispanic-America.

During his lifetime, he led Venezuela, Colombia (including Panama at the time), Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia to independence from the Spanish Empire. Admirers claim that he helped lay the foundations for democracy in much of Latin America.


5 Bolivianos 1989

Adela Samudio

Paz Juana Plácida Adela Rafaela Zamudio Rivero, or more popularly known as Adela Zamudio (1854-1928) was a Bolivian poet, feminist, and educator. She is considered the most famous Bolivian poet, and is credited as founding the country's feminist movement. In her writing, she also used the pen-name Soledad.

Adela Zamudio was born in Cochabamba, Bolivia, in 1854, to an upper-class family. She attended a public elementary school and was also tutored by her father, Don Adolfo Zamudio and her mother, Doña Modesta Rivero de Zamudio.

As a teacher, Zamudio taught at Escuela San Alberto, and later became a director of a girls' high school, which later became known as Liceo Adela Zamudio.

Her poetry and fiction dealt primarily with the social struggles of Bolivia, often with a romantic feeling invoked towards revolution. Non-religious, her writing was highly intellectual. She published her first poem, Two Roses, when she was 15, but did not publish her first book until 20 years later. In 1926 she was awarded the Bolivian Crown of Distinction award. Her pseudonym, Soledad (English: Solitude), was used by her to reflect her often lonely and misunderstood self, who sought to escape conservative Bolivian society. Her work, Quo Vadis, caused a stir amongst upper class women and clerics, and animosity towards her work increased. Her struggles with religion caused her to choose to no longer teach religion at the school she directed and the League of Catholic Women publicly condemned her.

Zamudio also wrote articles for publications and newspapers, promoting democratic reforms and women's rights, including the legalization of divorce.

Her birthday, October 11, is celebrated in Bolivia as the "Day of Bolivian Women." Zamudio is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented as one of the 999 names on the Heritage Floor.


The coat of arms of Bolivia is at the bottom.

The coat of arms of Bolivia has a central cartouche surrounded by Bolivian flags, muskets, laurel branches, and has an Andean condor on top.

The central cartouche has a border with ten stars in the bottom, which symbolize the nine Departamentos and the former province Litoral that was taken over by Chile in 1879, and the name of Bolivia in the top section. Within the border the silver mountain Potosí - recognized by a mine entrance — is depicted, with Inti in form of a sun rising above it, and with an alpaca standing next to a palm tree and some wheat. The alpaca stands on a plain that contrasts with the mountain. The mountain and its contrast with the plains are indicative of the geography of Bolivia. The llama is the national animal, related to the alpaca and the items next to it are symbolic of the resources of the nation.

Around the shield there are three Bolivian flags on each side. Behind these are two pairs of crossed rifles that symbolize the struggle for independence. Next to the muskets there are an axe and a red Phrygian hood, which is the symbol of liberty and freedom. The laurel branches are symbolic of peace, and the condor perched upon the shield is symbolic of a willingness to defend the nation and its liberty.

In some depictions of these coat of arms, the two pairs of muskets are replaced by two cannons. Other depictions also have more realistic symbols in the shield.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners. In words centered.


5 Bolivianos 1989

Santuario del Socavon Santuario del Socavon

Santuario del Socavon is a religious temple of special devotion for the inhabitants of Oruro, where the Candlemas's Virgin is worshipped. She is the local patron of the miners and receives the name of Virgin of the Mineshaft. It is an extraordinary image, painted on some clay bricks that were probably part of an interior wall during the end of the fifteenth century. The splendid Carnival is carried out in her honor.

The legend of the creation of the church is as follows:

In 1789, a thief and miner Ciru-Ciru was mortally wounded by an opponent, and Our Lady brought the bleeding bandit to the threshold of the hut and led to the best of the worlds, leaving her image either on the wall of the house, or in the mine, where the unfortunate man worked during breaks between robberies. Colleagues of Ciru-Ciru (in mine and thieves), having penetrated, decided to celebrate the miracle with the construction of the church and the carnival procession.

The place in which Santuario del Socavon is located was an old Uru ritual center, a pre-colombinan town that reached a remarkable development in the elaboration of ceramic. The temple, built in 1781, was initially named as Church of Nuestra Senora de Copacabana. The faithful people worshipped the Virgin of La Candelaria: patron saint of the miners. The Sanctuary is assisted at the moment by the religious order of the Servants of Maria.

In the museum located under the hill Pie de Gallo, "Santuario del Socavon" or Mineshaft Sanctuary, visitors can appreciate the work inside a silver mine, with a perfect recreation of the atmosphere of colonial times. ( (Геннадий Иозефавичус .rus)

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words - at the top.