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10000 Rupiah 2018, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 157
Years of issue: 2018
Signatures: Gubernur: Perry Warjiyo, Deputi Gubernur: Mrs. Sri Mulyani Indrawati
Serie: 2016 Issue
Specimen of: 19.12.2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 145 x 65
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10000 Rupiah 2018




Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II.


10000 Rupiah 2018

Frans Kaisiepo

Frans Kaisiepo (10 October 1921 – 10 April 1979) was a Papuan politician and Indonesian nationalist. He served as the fourth Governor of Papua Province. In 1993, Kaisiepo was posthumously declared a National Hero of Indonesia (Indonesian: Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia) for his lifelong efforts to unite West Irian with Indonesia. As the representative of Papua province, he was involved in the Malino Conference, where the formation of the United States of Indonesia was discussed.

Kaisiepo was born on the island of Biak on 10 October 1921. He studied at Sekolah Guru Normal at Manokwari. Kaisiepo, and later attended a Civil Administration course at the School of Civil Service in New Guinea.

In 1945, Kaisiepo met Sugoro Atmoprasodjo at the School of Civil Service. They quickly found common ground due to their shared support for Indonesian independence. Kaisiepo often held discreet meetings to discuss the annexation of Dutch New Guinea by the Republic of Indonesia.

In July 1946, Kaisiepo was the West New Guinean delegate and only Papuan native at the Malino Conference in South Sulawesi. As Speaker, he suggested the territory be called "Irian", explaining the word means "steamy" in his native Biak. In the same month, the Freedom Party of Indonesia (Indonesian: Partai Indonesia Merdeka) was founded by Kaisiepo in Biak, with Lukas Rumkoren as the party's elected leader.

In August 1947, Silas Papare led the raising of the Indonesian red and white flag to commemorate Indonesia’s Independence Day. This action resulted in the arrest of all participants by Dutch police. They were locked up for more than three months. During that time Kaisiepo and Johans Ariks took on Papare's role. Ariks later learned of plans to integrate West Irian as a territory of Indonesia, instead of fostering its autonomy.

Kaisiepo was involved in a rebellion in Biak in March 1948, protesting against Dutch rule. In 1949, he rejected an appointment as delegate leader of Dutch New Guinea in the Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference, since he felt the Dutch were attempting to dictate to him. Because of his resistance, he was imprisoned from 1954 to 1961.

Upon release from prison in the year 1961, he established the Irian Party that strove to unite Netherlands New Guinea with the Republic of Indonesia. To envisage the decolonization of Netherlands New Guinea, President Sukarno made a speech that established the Trikora (Tri Komando Rakyat, "People’s Triple Command") on 19 December 1961 in Yogyakarta. The command's goals were:

aborting the formation of the "Papua state" as created by colonial Dutch powers

raising the Indonesian flag in West Irian, thus affirming Indonesian sovereignty in the area

preparing mobilization to "defend the independence and unification of the motherland"

As a result of this historic address, many chose to enlist in the armed forces, as part of Operation Trikora.

Due to the Trikora Action, the Netherlands Government was forced to sign an agreement known as the New York Agreement on 15 August 1962 12:01 hours. The transfer of government administration to UNTEA occurred on 1 October 1962. The transfer of West Irian to Indonesia was conducted by the United Nations the following year on 1 May 1963. Meanwhile, the Indonesian government would be entrusted with developing the region from 1963 to 1969, and at the end of that year the Papuans would have to decide whether or not to join Indonesia or remain autonomous.

The first governor of Irian was Elieser Jon Bonay, who held the office for less than a year (1963–64). In the beginning, Bonay sided with the Indonesians. However, in 1964 he used the Act of Free Choice in Irian Jaya to call for the independence of West Irian as a separate country; this request was forwarded to the United Nations. His action caused him to resign from his post in 1964, when Frans Kaisiepo replaced him as governor. His resignation without a replacement disappointed Bonay and propelled him to join the Free Papua Movement operating in-exile in the Netherlands, becoming one of its prominent figures in the process.

Kaisiepo's term as governor of Irian strove to promote Papua as part of Indonesia. This encouraged support within the state for the Act of Free Choice's option of unification, as opposed to full independence, despite huge opposition from most Papuan natives. In 1969, Irian was admitted to Indonesia as Irian Jaya (later Papua) Province. For his efforts in the unification of Papua with Indonesia, he was elected an MP for Papua in the People's Consultative Assembly elections of 1973 and was appointed to the Supreme Advisory Council in 1977 as its representative for Papuan affairs.

Kaisiepo died on 10 April 1979. He was interred in the Cendrawasih Heroes Burial Site (Indonesian: Taman Makam Pahlawan Cendrawasih) in Biak.

Frans married Anthomina Arwam and had three children. The couple remained together until Arwam's death. On 12 November 1973, he married Maria Magdalena Moorwahyuni from Demak, Central Java. They had one child together.

Top right is the National emblem of Indonesia.


It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Right, in the center - a view of Indonesia from space.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.


10000 Rupiah 2018


In the foreground is the Pakarena dance.

Pakarena dance is a type of traditional dance that became a dance area of ​​South Sulawesi province. This dance became one of the cultural icon of the province that is capitalized in Makassar. In the staging of this traditional dance is played by 4 dancers and accompanied by musical instruments such as gandrang and poems. Gandrang is a musical instrument made of drum head while the poetry is a wind instrument similar to a flute.

In the past this kind of classical dance was performed as a medium of worship to the gods. The beauty and uniqueness of this dance movement of pakarena then gradually shift the function of this dance as a medium of entertainment. According to various sources of dance history pakarena already known by the people of Gowa South Sulawesi during the Gantarang kingdom. From the movements in the dance performed by 4 female dancers has some philosophy that tells the story of life.

The story is delivered through the dance is the story of a man with the inhabitants of the sky. Where the inhabitants of the sky who somehow described as a god or celestial maiden give a lesson to humans about ways to survive on earth from the way of looking for food in the forest to grow crops on the ground. From these legends then grew confidence in the Gowa community that the movements displayed by the dancers are a full-fledged movement of gratitude to the inhabitants of the sky. Along with the development of time, typical dance from south sulawesi is very interested by the surrounding community and finally make fan pakarena dance into one of the entertainment media that attract the hearts of the audience. (


On background is Coral reef in Wakatobi National Park and diver nearby.

Wakatobi National Park is a marine national park in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. The name of Wakatobi is a portmanteau of the four main Tukangbesi Islands: Wangi-wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia, and Binongko. Since 2005 the park is listed as a tentative World Heritage Site.

Wakatobi National Park is located south-east of Sulawesi, between 05°12’-06°10’S and 123°20’-124°39’E, between the Banda Sea to the north-east and the Flores Sea to the south-west.

It consists of four larger islands: Wangi-Wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia and Binongko, as well as many small islands such as Tokobao, North Lintea, South Lintea, Kampenaune, Hoga and Tolandono. The highest elevation is 274 meters (899 ft.) on Wangi-Wangi, followed by Lagole Hill (271 m.) on Tomia, Terpadu Hill (222 m.) on Binongko and Mount Sampuagiwolo (203 m.) on Kadelupa. The water depth varies, with the deepest parts reaching 1,044 meters (3,425 ft.).

It is the third largest marine park in Indonesia. Jacques Cousteau is said to have called the Wakatobi islands – then known as the Tukangbesi islands: an “Underwater Nirwana”. Now a national marine park covering the entire Waktobi District, it comprises 1.4 million hectares, of which 900,000 host tropical coral reefs. Wakatobi has the highest number of reef and fish species in the world. The islands are form the largest barrier reef in Indonesia, second only to the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. It is the habitat of large and small fish species, dolphins, turtles and whales. The island group comprises 143 islands of which 7 are inhabited, counting a total population of around 100,000. Most notable are the Bajo communities, seafaring nomads who inhabit many of Indonesia’s remote islands.

Located in the Asia-Pacific World Coral Triangle, in the province of Southeast Sulawesi, the Wakatobi Islands offer clear waters and a rich bio-diverse underwater life. Wakatobi hosts 942 fish species and 750 coral reef species (of 850 globally), versus 50 in the Caribbean and 300 in the Red Sea.

Habitats found in the national park are mangrove forest, coastal forest, lowland swamp forest, riverbank vegetation, lowland rainforest, mountain rainforest and coral reefs. The Wakatobi Archipelago has 25 groups of coral reefs including fringing reefs, barrier reefs and atolls. A survey conducted in 2003 identified 396 species of coral belonging to 68 genera and 15 families. These include Acropora formosa, Acropora hyacinthus, Psammocora profundasafla, Pavona cactus, Leptoseris yabei, Fungia molucensis, Lobophyllia robusta, Merulina ampliata, Platygyra versifora, Euphyllia glabrescens, Tubastraea frondes, Stylophora pistillata, Sarcophyton throchelliophorum, and Sinularia species.

Among the recorded species of seabirds are the brown booby, common kingfisher and Malaysian plover.

Turtles in the park include the hawksbill, loggerhead and olive ridley.

On top and at the bottom are Sulavesi orchids, still unknown by me.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In lower left corner in words.


Many thanks to Sigit Adi Buwono from Jakarta (Indonesia) for these banknotes for my collection!