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1000 Rupees 2016, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 154
Years of issue: 19.12.2016
Edition:
Signatures: Gubernur: Agus Dermawan Wintarto Martowardojo (In office 24 May 2013 – 24 May 2018), Deputi Gubernur: Mrs. Sri Mulyani Indrawati
Serie: 2016 Issue
Specimen of: 19.12.2016
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 141 x 65
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Rupees 2016

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Cut Nyak Meutia, also known as Cut Meutia, (1870 - 24 October 1910) is an Indonesian national hero from Aceh.

Meutia was born in 1870 in Perlak, Aceh. When she grew into adulthood, she married Teuku Sam Searah. They divorced not long afterward.

Against the Dutch.

Cut Nyak Meutia's new husband was Cut Muhammad or Teuku Cik Tunong. Differing from his brother, Cut Muhammad did not obey the Dutch because he didn't accept their colonization of Aceh. Cut Muhammad and his wife worked hand in hand with the Acehnese to fight against the Dutch.

Cut Nyak Meutia

In 1899 Teuku Cik Tunong led a successful attack against the Dutch. In the beginning, the Dutch troops were at a loss as to what to do. In the following two years, however, Cik Tunong and his troops had not made any movements. The Dutch thought that they might have lost their spirit. Yet in 1901, Teuku Cik Tunong and his troops made a sudden attack and succeeded in destroying the Dutch defense there.

For his success, Teuku Cik Tunong was soon appointed District Chief of Keureutoe by the Sultan of Aceh. From 1901 to 1903 Teuku Cik Tunong had been the commander of some battles in the northeast of Aceh. There, he and his troops killed 10 of soldiers of the Dutch and seized 67 guns from them. Mubin and Pang Gadeng, two surrendered spies, had made Cut Nyak Meutia and her husband successful in the battles.

In 1905 Teuku Cik Tunong was caught by the Dutch and put in jail. He was shot dead by them in the same year.

The death of Teuku Cik Tunong had made Cut Nyak Meutia struggle with the new commander, Pang Nanggroe, who was her last husband. Pang Nanggroe was also killed in the battle on September 26, 1910. His death made Cut Nyak Meutia the new commander, with only 45 men and 13 guns left.

Cut Nyak Meutia was found by the Dutch in September 1910 at her hideaway in Paya Cicem. She resisted capture, wielding a rencong. She was killed after Dutch troops shot her in the head and chest.

She is now seen as a symbol of pride among Indonesian woman, along with other heroines such as Raden Ayu Kartini and Cut Nyak Dhien. On May 2, 1964 she was proclaimed a National Hero of Indonesia.

The woman on watermark is Cut Nyak Meutia, not Cut Nyak Dhien (Tjoet Nja' Dhien), despite unclear image on different years of issue of this banknotes.

The fact is that the Bank of Indonesia almost every year of issue of banknotes depicted a watermark with some changes. Initially, the woman on the watermark looked generally like a cartoon. The Bank explained this difference in the image by different suppliers of paper for banknotes, in the sense of its different color shade and so on. Therefore, many believed that the banknote depicted Cut Nyak Dhien, but this is still not the case. The image of Cut Nyak Meutia was originally taken from the image of the Indonesian stamp issued in 1969, which you see in my description.

Avers:

1000 Rupees 2016

Cut Nyak Meutia

Cut Nyak Meutia - please, read watermarks description!

Top right is the National emblem of Indonesia.

garuda

It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Right, in the center - a view of Indonesia from space.

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners.

Revers:

1000 Rupees 2016

Tifa

In the foreground is the Tifa dance.

Tifa is a small drum that dancers beat in a dance. This is a greeting to the guests, the beginning of the harvest or thanks to the gods for a successful hunt. Tifa is performed as a symbol of the unity of the tribe. (neferjournal.livejournal.com .rus)

Banda-Neira

On background are Banda-Neira and Fort Belgica (in front of it).

Banda Neira is the only settlement of significant size on any of the Banda Islands, located in the Maluku province of Indonesia. The town is located on the central island of the Bandas group, Banda Neira, the only one of the islands with enough flat space to allow a small town. Located in Banda Neira are government offices, stores, a wharf, and almost half of the archipelago's 14,000 population.

Banda Neira was once the global center of the trade in nutmeg and mace, as the Banda Islands were the only source of these valuable spices until the mid-19th century. The modern town was established by members of the Dutch East India Company as the capital of the Governorate of the Banda Islands. The Dutch forced out or exterminated most of the native Bandanese in order to exploit this lucrative resource.

Fort Belgica is a XVII-century fort in Banda Neira, Banda Islands, Maluku Islands (the Moluccas), Indonesia. The fort acted as a fortification system for the islands of Banda where during the period, the only place in the world where nutmeg was produced.

Nelumbo nucifera

On top and at the bottom are Indian Lotuses.

Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, or simply lotus, is one of two species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. The Linnaean binomial Nelumbo nucifera (Gaertn.) is the currently recognized name for this species, which has been classified under the former names, Nelumbium speciosum (Willd.) and Nymphaea nelumbo, among others.

This plant is an aquatic perennial. Under favorable circumstances its seeds may remain viable for many years, with the oldest recorded lotus germination being from that of seeds 1,300 years old recovered from a dry lake bed in northeastern China.

Native to Tropical Asia and Queensland, Australia, it is commonly cultivated in water gardens. It is also the national flower of India and Vietnam.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In lower left corner in words.

Comments:

Many thanks to Sigit Adi Buwono from Jakarta (Indonesia) for these banknotes for my collection!