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10000 Rupees 2011, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 150b
Years of issue: 2011
Edition:
Signatures: Gubernur: Darmin Nasution (In office 1 September 2010 – 13 May 2013), Deputi Gubernur: Muliaman Darmanshan Hadad
Serie: 2009 Issue
Specimen of: 18.10.2005
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 145 x 65
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

10000 Rupees 2011

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II.

Avers:

10000 Rupees 2011

Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II

Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II - a National Hero who was born in Palembang in 1767. He was crowned the Sultan of the Palembang Kingdom in 1803. He worked together with the English to free Palembang from Dutch control and managed to survive the battle in Sungai Aur on 14 September 1811. During the same month, England seized Indonesia from the Dutch, but Badaruddin did not want to recognize the power of England over Palembang. England imposed its will by military force. In March 1812, Palembang was occupied and evacuated to Muara Rawas. According to the London Convention in 1814, the English gave power back to the Dutch. He was re-crowned as the sultan, but in rural areas, the people opposed the Dutch coming back to rule. The Dutch accused Badaruddin II for being responsible for the unrest.

In June 1819, the Dutch army tried to seize the palace, but they failed. Sultan Badaruddin II was invited to negotiate, but he declined. In 1821, the Dutch came with a larger army led by Major General Marcus de Knock. War broke out once again. The Dutch successfully seized Benteng Kembar and Plaju. With this, the road to Palembang was open. De Knock gave an ultimatum to Badaruddin to surrender, but the Sultan did not respond well so the Dutch launched a massive attack. On 1 July 1821, the palace was occupied and Badaruddin II was captured. The Dutch government exiled him to Ternate and this is where he passed away on 26 November 1852. To commemorate his services, his name has been immortalized as a name of a street located in Margamulya, Central Jakarta. (encyclopedia.jakarta-tourism.go.id)

Top right is the National emblem of Indonesia.

garuda

It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and on right side.

Revers:

10000 Rupees 2011

Limas House

Rumah limas ("limas house"), also known as rumah bari ("old house"), is a type of traditional house found in Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia. They can also be found in Baturaja. The house is traditionally built of wood and raised on stilts, with a stepped, or gradated, floor composed of two to five areas at slightly different heights, with a broad porch, and a distinctive roof. In Palembang, these houses are associated with the nobility and other people of high status. The style was adopted across Sumatra, Java, and Malaysia by the Dutch and the Chinese alike.

Limas houses began as pile-dwellings along the River Musi. Palembang, being a vibrant port city, was exposed to foreign influence. Clay roof tiles have been used for limas houses since the early XV-century when the new material was introduced to the Palembang Sultanate by Admiral Cheng Ho in 1407, replacing the previous thatched roofs.

A Chinese chronicle from the early XV-century describes rules concerning the ownership of certain house types in Palembang, although it does not explicitly mention exact house types. Formerly, Palembang society was divided into three classes: the nobility (divided into priyayi and mantri), commoners, and slaves. The sultans were the only people who were allowed to live in brick houses. Commoners usually lived in wooden pile dwellings, whereas immigrants were only allowed to live in raft houses (rumah rakit).

In the early XIX-century, limas houses were still reserved for the nobility. In Palembang, limas houses were usually found inside Kuto Besak (the fort city of Palembang) and the area surrounding the fort. These grand limas houses were often large in size and always consisted of five gradated floor levels (kekijing or bengkilas).

Denominations in numerals are in left top and lower right corners. At the bottom in words.

Comments:

Many thanks to Sigit Adi Buwono from Jakarta (Indonesia) for these banknotes for my collection!