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1000 Rupees 2009, Indonesia

in Krause book Number: 141j
Years of issue: 2009
Edition:
Signatures: Gubernur: Boediono (In office 22 May 2008 – 16 May 2009), Deputi Gubernur: Budi Mulya
Serie: 2009 Issue
Specimen of: 20.11.2000
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 141 x 65
Printer: Perum Percetakan Uang Republik Indonesia (PERURI), Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Rupees 2009

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Cut Nyak Meutia, also known as Cut Meutia, (1870 - 24 October 1910) is an Indonesian national hero from Aceh.

Meutia was born in 1870 in Perlak, Aceh. When she grew into adulthood, she married Teuku Sam Searah. They divorced not long afterward.

Against the Dutch.

Cut Nyak Meutia's new husband was Cut Muhammad or Teuku Cik Tunong. Differing from his brother, Cut Muhammad did not obey the Dutch because he didn't accept their colonization of Aceh. Cut Muhammad and his wife worked hand in hand with the Acehnese to fight against the Dutch.

Cut Nyak Meutia

In 1899 Teuku Cik Tunong led a successful attack against the Dutch. In the beginning, the Dutch troops were at a loss as to what to do. In the following two years, however, Cik Tunong and his troops had not made any movements. The Dutch thought that they might have lost their spirit. Yet in 1901, Teuku Cik Tunong and his troops made a sudden attack and succeeded in destroying the Dutch defense there.

For his success, Teuku Cik Tunong was soon appointed District Chief of Keureutoe by the Sultan of Aceh. From 1901 to 1903 Teuku Cik Tunong had been the commander of some battles in the northeast of Aceh. There, he and his troops killed 10 of soldiers of the Dutch and seized 67 guns from them. Mubin and Pang Gadeng, two surrendered spies, had made Cut Nyak Meutia and her husband successful in the battles.

In 1905 Teuku Cik Tunong was caught by the Dutch and put in jail. He was shot dead by them in the same year.

The death of Teuku Cik Tunong had made Cut Nyak Meutia struggle with the new commander, Pang Nanggroe, who was her last husband. Pang Nanggroe was also killed in the battle on September 26, 1910. His death made Cut Nyak Meutia the new commander, with only 45 men and 13 guns left.

Cut Nyak Meutia was found by the Dutch in September 1910 at her hideaway in Paya Cicem. She resisted capture, wielding a rencong. She was killed after Dutch troops shot her in the head and chest.

She is now seen as a symbol of pride among Indonesian woman, along with other heroines such as Raden Ayu Kartini and Cut Nyak Dhien. On May 2, 1964 she was proclaimed a National Hero of Indonesia.

The woman on watermark is Cut Nyak Meutia, not Cut Nyak Dhien (Tjoet Nja' Dhien), despite unclear image on different years of issue of this banknotes.

The fact is that the Bank of Indonesia almost every year of issue of banknotes depicted a watermark with some changes. Initially, the woman on the watermark looked generally like a cartoon. The Bank explained this difference in the image by different suppliers of paper for banknotes, in the sense of its different color shade and so on. Therefore, many believed that the banknote depicted Cut Nyak Dhien, but this is still not the case. The image of Cut Nyak Meutia was originally taken from the image of the Indonesian stamp issued in 1969, which you see in my description.

Avers:

1000 Rupees 2009

Pattimura

Thomas Matulessy (8 June 1783 – 16 December 1817), also known as Kapitan Pattimura or Ahmad Lussy or simply Pattimura, was an Ambonese soldier and National Hero of Indonesia.

Born on the island of Saparua, Pattimura joined the British army after they took the Maluku islands from the Dutch colonials. When the islands were returned to the Dutch in 1816, he was dismissed. Concerned that the Dutch would implement programs that limited his people, Pattimura led an armed rebellion that captured Fort Duurstede on 16 May 1817. Killing the inhabitants of the fortress and fighting off Dutch reinforcements, on 29 May he was declared the leader of the Maluku people. After being betrayed by the King of Booi Pati Akoon, he was captured by Dutch forces on 11 November and hanged the next month.

Pattimura has become a symbol of both Maluku and Indonesian independence, praised by President Sukarno and declared a national hero by President Suharto. He has several namesakes both in the capital of Maluku, Ambon, and in the rest of the Indonesian archipelago.

Top right is the National emblem of Indonesia.

garuda

It is called Garuda Pancasila. The main part of Indonesian national emblem is the Garuda with a heraldic shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its legs. The shield's five emblems represent Pancasila, the five principles of Indonesia's national ideology. The Garuda claws gripping a white ribbon scroll inscribed with the national motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika written in black text, which can be loosely translated as "Unity in Diversity". Garuda Pancasila was designed by Sultan Hamid II from Pontianak, supervised by Sukarno, and was adopted as the national emblem on 11 February 1950.

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and on right side.

Revers:

1000 Rupees 2009

Tidore

Maitara and Tidore Islands, with fishermen on a boat.

Tidore (Indonesian: Kota Tidore Kepulauan) is a city, island, and archipelago in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia, west of the larger island of Halmahera. In the pre-colonial era, the Sultanate of Tidore was a major regional political and economic power, and a fierce rival of nearby Ternate, just to the north.

Tidore Island consists of a large stratovolcano which rises from the seafloor to an elevation of 1,730 m. (5,676 ft.) above sea level at the conical Mount Kie Matubu on the south end of the island. The northern side of the island contains a caldera, Sabale, with two smaller volcanic cones within it.

Soasio is Tidore's capital. It has its own port, Goto, and it lies on the eastern edge of the island. It has a mini bus terminal and a market. The sultan's palace was rebuilt with completion in 2010.

Tidore volcanic complex consists of two different volcanic structures. The beautiful conical peak of Kiematabu at the southern end of the island is the highest volcano on the northern Moluccas. Another, wider and lower, Sabale volcano in the northern part of Tidore is a caldera containing two cones. And the island of Maitara (located 1 km from Tidore in the northwest) is another volcanic structure (like Kiyomataba, a conical shape).

Denominations in numerals are in top left and lower right corners. At the bottom in words.

Comments:

Many thanks to Sigit Adi Buwono from Jakarta (Indonesia) for these banknotes for my collection!