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1000 Kroner 2019, Norway

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 14.11.2019
Signatures: Norges sentralbanksjef: Øystein Olsen, Hovedkasserer: Leif Veggum
Serie: Eighth series
Specimen of: 2014
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 154 x 70
Printer: F. C. Oberthur, Chantepie

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Kroner 2019



puffin puffin

The Atlantic puffin and denomination 1000. Watermark is made after photo by Tom Schandy.

About Atlantic puffin, please, read obverse description.


1000 Kroner 2019

The motive for all banknotes of the new series was the theme "The Sea".

A banknote of 500 Kroner displays the theme "The sea that carries us forward".


The primary motif on the 1000-krone note is a wave in the open sea. The wave suggests the sea as a counterforce that hones us, and a driving force that carries us forward.

For over a millennium the sea has been the basis for our wealth, for our contact with the rest of the world and for our optimism for the future. New industries and technologies have provided the coast and the activities at sea with ever newer content.

At the same time, climate changes and loss of biodiversity pose challenges that must be solved. Further commitments to maritime and marine research in the years ahead will be an important step towards ensuring sustainable development. With new knowledge and new solutions, the sea will continue to be a force that carries us forward. (Norges Bank)


On the banknote are shown The Atlantic puffin (two times) - in profile (in the upper right corner), and couple of puffins on left side.

The Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica), also known as the common puffin, is a species of seabird in the auk family. It is the only puffin native to the Atlantic Ocean; two related species, the tufted puffin and the horned puffin, are found in the northeastern Pacific. The Atlantic puffin breeds in Iceland, Norway, Greenland, Newfoundland and many North Atlantic islands, and as far south as Maine in the west and the British Isles in the east. Although it has a large population and a wide range, the species has declined rapidly, at least in parts of its range, resulting in it being rated as vulnerable by the IUCN. On land, it has the typical upright stance of an auk. At sea, it swims on the surface and feeds mainly on small fish, which it catches by diving underwater, using its wings for propulsion.

This puffin has a black crown and back, pale grey cheek patches and white underparts. Its broad, boldly marked red and black beak and orange legs contrast with its plumage. It moults while at sea in the winter and some of the bright-coloured facial characteristics are lost. The external appearance of the adult male and female are identical except that the male is usually slightly larger. The juvenile has similar plumage but its cheek patches are dark grey. The juvenile does not have brightly coloured head ornamentation, its bill is less broad and is dark-grey with a yellowish-brown tip, and its legs and feet are also dark. Puffins from northern populations are typically larger than their counterparts in southern parts of the range. It is generally considered that these populations are different subspecies.

Spending the autumn and winter in the open ocean of the cold northern seas, the Atlantic puffin returns to coastal areas at the start of the breeding season in late spring. It nests in clifftop colonies, digging a burrow in which a single white egg is laid. The chick mostly feeds on whole fish and grows rapidly. After about six weeks it is fully fledged and makes its way at night to the sea. It swims away from the shore and does not return to land for several years.

Colonies are mostly on islands where there are no terrestrial predators but adult birds and newly fledged chicks are at risk of attacks from the air by gulls and skuas. Sometimes a bird such as an Arctic skua will harass a puffin arriving with a beakful of fish, causing it to drop its catch. The striking appearance, large colourful bill, waddling gait and behaviour of this bird have given rise to nicknames such as "clown of the sea" and "sea parrot". It is the official bird symbol for the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.


Also - right of center, on side strip is stylized signal flag: Letter E (Echo). It means: "I am altering my course to starboard".

Denominations in numerals are in top left corner and lower right. In words on top.


1000 Kroner 2019

The designs are by The Metric System and Snøhetta and use an abstract geometric design influenced by the Beaufort scale.

Pixel motif on the horizon: The open sea.

Beaufort scale

Cubic pattern: 20.8 m/s. Organic pattern: Strong gale. High waves. Dense foam is blown along wind direction. (Beaufort scale - level 8).

Norway is a small country, but a major maritime and coastal nation. Our geography and our abundance of natural resources combined with initiative, knowledge and hard work has made us prosperous.

We have always been – and in the future always will be – closely tied to the sea. For transportation and contact, for food and nutrients, for energy production, recreation and as a source of inspiration. The sea provides us with challenges, positive experiences and a horizon to which we can fix our gaze – towards the infinite and unknown.

water molecule water molecule

Right of center is the molecule of water in liquid state, in lower right corner in molecule of water in solid state.

Denominations in numerals are in lower left and top right corners. In words at the bottom.


The motifs on all of the new banknote series denominations show the importance of the sea for the prosperity and welfare of the people of Norway. The primary motif on the front side of the 100-krone banknote is a Viking ship, while on the 200-krone note, a cod is portrayed facing left. On the back sides, abstract representations of a cargo ship (100-krone note) and a fishing boat (200-krone note) can be seen on the horizon.

The banknotes were designed by Norges Bank's banknote designers Arild Yttri and Morten Johansen. The designs on the front sides of the banknotes are based on the proposal from Metric Design and Terje Tønnessen. The proposals for the back of the notes were submitted by Snøhetta Design. The primary motifs were drawn by the artist Sverre Morken. The Atlantic puffin watermark motif is based on a photo taken by photographer Tom Schandy.

The new 100-krone and 200-krone banknotes were printed by Oberthur Fiduciare in France.

The official launch of the new banknotes will take place in Svolvær on 30 May 2017 at 2.00 p.m. From that time, the new 100- and 200-krone banknotes will be made available to banks at Norges Bank's central bank depots in Tromsø, Trondheim, Bergen, Stavanger and Oslo.

"There are very few places that reflect the primary motifs of the 100-krone and 200-krone bank notes better than Lofoten. Abundant cod from the Lofoten fisheries has sustained people in Norway and abroad for centuries, and Lofoten has a history as a seat of power in the Viking Age. We are therefore delighted that the launch of the new banknotes will be marked in Lofoten," Governor Olsen said. (Norges Bank)