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500 Pesos 2017, Mexico

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 27.08.2018
Signatures: Junta de Gobierno: Manuel Ramos Francia, Cajero Principal: Alejandro Alegre Rabiela
Serie: 2017-2019 Historical Identity and Natural Heritage Issue
Specimen of: 19.05.2017
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 146 x 65
Printer: Banco de México, Mexico

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Pesos 2017




Don Benito Juárez García. Denomination 500.


500 Pesos 2017

Benito Pablo Juárez García

The engraving on banknote is made after this photo of Benito Juárez.

The image, which represents the Liberal Reform and the Restoration of the Republic, is depicted with an image of President Benito Juárez (1806-1972), who issued the Laws of Reform with the support of radical liberals.

Don Benito Juárez García became president of Mexico in 1858 and issued the reform laws with the support of the radical liberals the following year. Because of his defense of human freedoms, which served as an example to other Latin American countries, he was proclaimed “Benemérito de las Américas.” In a famous speech, he said: “The people and the government should respect the rights of all. Among individuals, as among nations, respect for others' rights is peace.”

Benito Pablo Juárez García

On background, left of the portrait - Paiting by Alberto Beltran - President Benito Juárez, promoter of the Reform Laws, in his triumphal entry to the City of Mexico on July 15, 1867, symbolizes the victory of the Liberal Reform, the separation of Church and State, and of the basic principle of equality before the Law.

Under the portrait is an inscription: "Presidente Benito Juárez, impulsor de las Leyes de Reforma, en su entrada triunfal a la Cuidad de mexico el 15 de julio de 1867, simbolizando la restauracion de la Republica."

In English: "President Benito Juárez, promoter of the Reform Laws, in his triumphal entry to the City of Mexico on July 15, 1867, symbolizing the restoration of the Republic."

Denominations in numerals are in three corners. In lower right corner in words.


500 Pesos 2017

gray whale

The image, which represents Mexico’s coastline, sea and island ecosystems, is depicted with a gray whale and her calf in El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve, Baja California, designated by UNESCO as natural heritage of mankind.

The gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus), also known as the grey whale, gray back whale, Pacific gray whale, or California gray whale, is a baleen whale that migrates between feeding and breeding grounds yearly. It reaches a length of 14.9 meters (49 ft.), a weight of 36 tonnes (40 short tons), and lives between 55 and 70 years. The common name of the whale comes from the gray patches and white mottling on its dark skin. Gray whales were once called devil fish because of their fighting behavior when hunted. The gray whale is the sole living species in the genus Eschrichtius, which in turn is the sole living genus in the family Eschrichtiidae. This mammal descended from filter-feeding whales that appeared at the beginning of the Oligocene, over 30 million years ago.

The gray whale is distributed in an eastern North Pacific (North American), and an endangered western North Pacific (Asian), population. North Atlantic populations were extirpated (perhaps by whaling) on the European coast before AD 500, and on the American coast around the late XVII to early XVIII centuries. Even so, on May 8, 2010, a sighting of a gray whale was confirmed off the coast of Israel in the Mediterranean Sea, leading some scientists to think they might be repopulating old breeding grounds that have not been visited for centuries. In May and June 2013, a gray whale was sighted off the coast of Namibia – the first confirmed in the Southern Hemisphere. The round-trip journey of one gray whale has set a new record for the longest mammal migration, covering a distance of more than 22,000 kilometres across the Pacific Ocean. Her migration has shown new insight into how endangered species are making drastic changes in their life style.

Also image on banknote depict elements of fauna and flora identified with each of Mexico’s ecosystems, including rivers and lakes, temperate forests, dry forests, thickets and deserts, coasts, seas and islands, and rainforests, through recognized sites in the World Heritage list of the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO).

La Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino La Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino

The El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve, created in 1988, is located in Mulegé Municipality in northern Baja California Sur, at the center of the Baja California Peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California. With a landmass of over 9,625 square-miles (24,930 square km.), it is the largest wildlife refuge in Mexico and borders on the northern edge of the Valle de los Cirios Protected Area of Flora and Fauna.

The Cochimi first inhabited this region over eleven thousand years ago, nomads who came from the north of the American continent. These nomadic wanderers lived in the protection of caves in the Sierra San Francisco mountain range. Travelers trekking into this mountainous region can still see their cave art.

Animals that have adapted to these extreme conditions include a variety of nocturnals such as coyotes, rodents, and hares; others have adapted to only ingesting water from succulents. Outstanding among the mammals is the Baja California pronghorn (Antilocapra americana peninsularis), an endemic subspecies of the Pronghorn, which is one of the swiftest mammals on Earth. The last populations of this subspecies can be found in the region. The Vizcaíno is also the habitat of the desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni), Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus peninsulae), and dozens of resident and migratory birds. Of special importance: the ospreys, cormorants, herons, and gulls—and four species of sea turtles. On the coastline and islets there are many marine mammals, such as northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris), California sea lions (Zalophus californianus), dolphins, and gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus).

On right side is an inscription: "Ecosistema de costas, mares e islas, representado por la ballena gris su ballenato y pastos marinos, en la Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino en Baja California Sur, patrimonio natural de la humanidad."

In English: "Ecosystem of coasts, seas and islands, represented by the gray whale its whale and seagrass, in the El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve in Baja California Sur, a natural heritage of humanity."

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners. In lower left corner in words.


Banknote Serie G.