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100 Drachmes 1978, Greece

in Krause book Number: 200b
Years of issue: 08.12.1978
Edition: --
Signatures: Deputy Governor: Efstathios Panas: (September 11, 1969 - August 9, 1974), Governor: Demetrios Galanis: ( August 7, 1967 - May 4, 1973)
Serie: 1978 Issue
Specimen of: 08.12.1978
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 158 x 67
Printer: Printing works department of Bank of Greece (Idryma Trapezis tis Ellados), Athens

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100 Drachmes 1978

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The Charioteer of Delphi, also known as Heniokhos is one of the best-known statues surviving from Ancient Greece, and is considered one of the finest examples of ancient bronze statues. The life-size (1.8 m) statue of a chariot driver was found in 1896 at the Sanctuary of Apollo in Delphi. It is now in the Delphi Archaeological Museum.

Avers:

100 Drachmes 1978

Athena

The statue of Piraeus Athena. Excavated at Piraeus (found in 1959 in a cache together with the Piraeus Apollo and two statues of Artemis [Piraeus 4647 and Piraeus 4648]).

Material: Bronze.

The statue of Athena is apparently an original creation of the IV century, which was buried as part of a cache of bronze statues following the sack of Athens by Sulla in 86 BC. The statue is nearly complete, except for part of the left foot and the attributes, and is particularly interesting for all the details which are preserved intact. The figure faces forward, the weight on the right leg, the left leg relaxed. She wears a peplos open on the right side, with a long diagonal overfold, the tip of which reaches nearly to the knee. Over the dress is slung the aegis, shaped like a narrow band. Though it is bordered by snakes and emblazoned with a small head of Medusa, its significance in this instance is more a badge of identity than a weapon. Her left hand appears to have rested on a shield and may have held a spear as well. The right hand is extended forward. The open palm is pierced with a hole, as is the thumb, for attachment of an object. She may have held an owl. The helmet is pushed back on her head. Two owls are represented on the visor, and griffins stand on either side of the long crest. The eyes are inset.

Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο ΑθηνώνIn lower right corner is the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.

The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greek: Εθνικόν και Καποδιστριακόν Πανεπιστήμιον Αθηνών), usually referred to simply as the University of Athens, has been in continuous operation since its establishment in 1837. It is the oldest higher education institution in the modern Greek state.

The logo of University is the same bust of Athena, as you can see on banknote.

Denominations in numerals are in top corners. In words centered, above.

Revers:

100 Drachmes 1978

Adamantios KoraisThe engraving on banknote is made after this portrait of Adamantios Korais.

The date and author of portrait are unknown.

Adamantios Korais or Coraïs (27 April 1748 - 6 April 1833) was a Greek humanist scholar credited with laying the foundations of Modern Greek literature and a major figure in the Greek Enlightenment. His activities paved the way for the Greek War of Independence and the emergence of a purified form of the Greek language, known as Katharevousa. Encyclopædia Britannica asserts that "his influence on the modern Greek language and culture has been compared to that of Dante on Italian and Martin Luther on German".

ArkadiOn right side is the monastery of Arkadi.

It is an Eastern Orthodox monastery, situated on a fertile plateau 23 km. (14 mi.) to the southeast of Rethymnon on the island of Crete (in Greece).

The current catholicon (church) dates back to the XVI century and is marked by the influence of the Renaissance. This influence is visible in the architecture, which mixes both Roman and baroque elements. As early as the 16th century, the monastery was a place for science and art and had a school and a rich library. Situated on a plateau, and surrounded by a thick and high wall, the monastery is also built like a fortress.

Denominations in numerals are in three corners, in words lower, centered.

Comments:

I got this banknote at the beginning of October 1991, in Athens.

Banknote with the letter L at the bottom left on the reverse.