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1000 Dollars 1994, Canada

in Krause book Number: 100в
Years of issue: 13.05.1994 -1999
Signatures: Deputy Governor: Mr. B. Bonin, Governor: Mr. G.G. Thiessen
Serie: Birds of Canada
Specimen of: 1986
Material: 100% raw cotton
Size (mm): 152.4 х 69.85
Printer: Canadian Bank Note Company Limited, Ottawa

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Dollars 1994




1000 Dollars 1994

Anthony Buckley

HM The Queen Elizabeth II, photograph by Anthony Buckley (1912–93), print, circa 1983, National Currency Collection.

This is one of the most informal portraits of Queen Elizabeth to be used on any banknote, and it is also one of the most flattering of the mature monarch. The engraved portrait used on the Canadian banknotes (Nos. 94, 97 and 100 in the Standard Catalog of World Paper Money) was executed by Henry S. Doubtfire of Thomas De La Rue. Adapted from an official portrait by Anthony Buckley in 1984, the engraving shows Queen Elizabeth wearing a dress with a plain neckline and wearing the necklace of three matched strings of pearls, given to her by King George V on the occasion of his Silver Jubilee, on 6 May 1935.

silver jubilee necklace

The Three Strand Pearl Necklaces.

Queen Elizabeth's standard daytime wardrobe includes pearls, of course; usually a triple strand necklace. She has at least three of these, according to Leslie Field in The Queen's Jewels:

1) A gift from her grandfather, King George V, to commemorate his Silver Jubilee in 1935.

2) One made from graduated family pearls which the Queen had created with a diamond clasp soon after she acceded the throne in 1952.

3) A gift for her coronation in 1953 from the Emir of Qatar, also with a diamond clasp.

And there are more as well. The differences between pearl necklaces are hard to track, especially when you can't see the clasp (and you normally can't when the Queen wears them). "From her Majesty's Jewel vault" (англ.).

Also on HM The Queen are Devonshire earrings.

Devonshire earrings

Purchased by the Ladies of Devonshire, headed by Lady Clinton, as a wedding present for Princess May of Teck (later Queen Mary) and made to match a pearl and diamond necklace presented by the "Ladies of England". The earrings were a wedding present from Queen Mary to Princess Elizabeth in 1947. (A Royal Wedding 1947)

Behind HM The Queen, on right side, are the vignettes of the Center Block and Library of Parliament, the modern flag of Canada flying from the Peace Tower.

Bibliotheque du Parlement

The Library of Parliament (Bibliothèque du Parlement) is the main information repository and research resource for the Parliament of Canada. The main branch of the library sits at the rear of the Centre Block, on Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, and is the last untouched part of that larger building's original incarnation, after it burned down in 1916. The library has been augmented and renovated a number of times since its construction in 1876, the last between 2002 and 2006, though the form and decor remain essentially authentic.

Parliament Hill

Parliament Hill (Colline du Parlement), colloquially known as The Hill, is an area of Crown land on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario. Its Gothic revival suite of buildings serves as the home of the Parliament of Canada and contains a number of architectural elements of national symbolic importance. Parliament Hill attracts approximately 3 million visitors each year.

Originally the site of a military base in the 18th and early 19th centuries, development of the area into a governmental precinct began in 1859, after Queen Victoria chose Bytown as the capital of the Province of Canada. Following a number of extensions to the parliament and departmental buildings and a fire in 1916 that destroyed the Centre Block, Parliament Hill took on its present form with the completion of the Peace Tower in 1927.

The coat of arms of Canada is on the top.

coat canada

The Arms of Canada, also known as the Royal Coat of Arms of Canada or formally as the Arms of Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada is, since 1921, the official coat of arms of the Canadian monarch and thus also of Canada. It is closely modeled after the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with distinctive Canadian elements replacing or added to those derived from the British.

The maple leaves in the shield, blazoned "proper", were originally drawn vert (green) but were redrawn gules (red) in 1957 and a circlet of the Order of Canada was added to the arms for limited use in 1987. The shield design forms the monarch's royal standard and is also found on the Canadian Red Ensign. The Flag of the Governor General of Canada, which formerly used the shield over the Union Flag, now uses the crest of the arms on a blue field.

The heraldic blazon of Canada's coat of arms is:

Tierced in fesse the first and second divisions containing the quarterly coat following, namely, 1st, gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or, 2nd, Or a lion rampant within a double tressure flory-counter-flory gules, 3rd, azure a harp Or stringed argent, 4th, azure, three fleurs-de-lis Or, and the third division argent three maple leaves conjoined on one stem proper. And upon a royal helmet mantled argent doubled gules the crest, that is to say, on a wreath of the colours argent and gules a lion passant guardant Or imperially crowned proper and holding in the dexter paw a maple leaf gules. And for supporters on the dexter a lion rampant Or holding a lance argent, point Or, flying therefrom to the dexter the Union Flag, and on the sinister a unicorn argent armed crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet composed of crosses-patée and fleurs-de-lis a chain affixed thereto reflexed of the last, and holding a like lance flying therefrom to the sinister a banner azure charged with three fleurs-de-lis Or; the whole ensigned with the Imperial Crown proper and below the shield upon a wreath composed of roses, thistles, shamrocks and lillies a scroll azure inscribed with the motto A mari usque ad mare.

Denominations in numerals are in top right corner and on the left side.


1000 Dollars 1994

Pinicola enucleator

The reverse features a pair of pine grosbeaks, the engraving of which was based on a watercolour by John Crosby. Originally, it was intended to use an image of a spruce grouse, but its nickname "fool hen" was "considered too controversial".

The banknotes were often referred to as "pinkies" because of their colour.

The pine grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator) is a large member of the true finch family, Fringillidae. It is found in coniferous woods across Alaska, the western mountains of the United States, Canada, and in subarctic Fennoscandia and Siberia. The species is a frugivore, especially in winter, favoring small fruits, such as rowans (mountain-ashes in the New World). With fruit-crop abundance varying from year to year, pine grosbeak is one of many subarctic-resident bird species that exhibit irruptive behavior. In irruption years, individuals can move long distances in search of suitable food supplies, bringing them farther south and/or downslope than is typical of years with large fruit crops.

This species is one of the largest species in the true finch family. It measures from 20 to 25.5 cm. (7.9 to 10.0 in.) in length and weighs from 52 to 78 g. (1.8 to 2.8 oz.), with an average mass of 56.4 g. (1.99 oz.). Among standard measurements, the wing chord is 10.2 to 11.6 cm. (4.0 to 4.6 in.), the tail is 7.8 to 9.5 cm. (3.1 to 3.7 in.), the bill is 1.4 to 1.65 cm. (0.55 to 0.65 in.) and the tarsus is 1.9 to 2.3 cm. (0.75 to 0.91 in.). Adults have a long forked black tail, black wings with white wing bars and a large bill. Adult males have a rose-red head, back and rump. Adult females are olive-yellow on the head and rump and grey on the back and underparts. Young birds have a less contrasting plumage overall, appearing shaggy when they moult their colored head plumage.

Its voice is geographically variable, and includes a whistled pui pui pui or chii-vli. The song is a short musical warble.

The breeding habitat of the pine grosbeak is coniferous forests. They nest on a horizontal branch or in a fork of a conifer. This bird is a permanent resident through most of its range; in the extreme north or when food sources are scarce, they may migrate farther south.

Pine grosbeaks forage in trees and bushes. They mainly eat seeds, buds, berries, and insects. Outside of the nesting season, they often feed in flocks.

Pine grosbeaks breed in the boreal forests of northern Eurasia and North America, and typically either remain resident near their breeding grounds or migrate relatively short distances to the southern extent of boreal forests. During irruptive years, more travel to southern boreal forests and some move further south. In such years in the New World, they can occur well south of their typical winter distribution, which is the northern Great Lakes region and northern New England in the United States. This species is a very rare vagrant to temperate parts of Europe; in all of Germany, for example, not more than 4 individuals per year and often none at all have been recorded since 1980.

Denominations are in lower right and top left corners.


The Birds of Canada series was designed with enhanced security features to counter developments in color-copier technology.

Larger portraits of the Queen and former Canadian prime ministers made it easier to see the fine-line work in the face and hair.

This note was first issued on 04.05.1992.