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3 Rubles 1938, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

in Krause book Number: 214a
Years of issue: 1938
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1938 Issue
Specimen of: 1936
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 135 х 67
Printer: Гознак, Московская печатная фабрика, филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

3 Rubles 1938




3 Rubles 1938

The inscription "STATE TREASURY TICKET OF THE USSR" is at the top, centered is the text in small letters: "STATE TREASURES BILLS ARE PROVIDED BY ALL UNION OF THE SOVIET UNION AND MANDATORY TO RECEIVE IN THE WHOLE TERRITORY OF THE USSR IN ALL PAYMENTS FOR ALL INSTITUTIONS, ENTERPRISES AND PERSONS ON ITS VALUE." In the upper left-hand corner there is a coat of arms of the USSR of the 1936 model (11 ribbons, according to the number of union republics).

On the right is a large number 3 and the handwritten inscription: "Three rubles" in the center.


In the upper left corner is the coat of arms of the USSR, the model of 1936 (11 bands, according to the number of union republics).

At that time, the USSR had 11 republics - the RSFSR, the Ukrainian SSR, the Byelorussian SSR, the Georgian SSR, the Armenian SSR, the Azerbaijani SSR, the Uzbek SSR, the Turkmen SSR, the Tajik SSR, the Kazakh SSR, the Kirghiz SSR.

The State Emblem of the Soviet Union (Государственный герб Советского Союза, Gosudarstvenny gerb Sovetskogo Soyuza) was adopted in 1923 and was used until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Although it technically is an emblem rather than a coat of arms, since it does not follow heraldic rules, in Russian it is called герб (gerb), the word used for a traditional coat of arms.

The state emblem shows the traditional Soviet emblems of the Hammer and Sickle and the Red Star over a globe, and two wreaths of covered by the ("Workers of the world, unite!") in the official languages of the Soviet Republics, in the reverse order they were mentioned in the Soviet Constitution.

3 Rubles 1938

3 Rubles 1938, Specimen. With resolution of Molotov and real photo of Red Army soldier, after which was made an engraving on banknote.

In the left part there is an engraving with the image of the Red Army men, in full uniform.

The coming to power of the fascists in Germany and Italy, the war with Japan (assistance to China) - all this forced to keep the army on alert. It required the heroic image of the Red Army.

"It is unlikely that we will ever be able to find out the name of the Red Army soldier, but we will take the liberty of assuming that the photographer of Goznak visited the First Moscow Proletarian Rifle Division in the summer of 1936.

Firstly, she was considered exemplary, taking part in all the parades on Red Square.

Secondly, it tested new equipment, weapons, equipment. The division was stationed in Moscow. In addition, she was one of the few where Adrian's helmets lingered even until 1939, although they were replaced in the rest of the army in 1936–1937. The division itself suffered the most severe losses in the initial period of World War II near Mogilev and Smolensk, in September 1941 it received the guards rank and became the 1st guards rifle. The division went through the whole war and ended its military career in East Prussia." (Numismatic readings of the State Historical Museum of 2017. Moscow)

3 Rubles 1938

The M15 Adrian helmet (French: Casque Adrian) was a combat helmet issued to the French Army during World War I. It was the first standard helmet of the French Army and was designed when millions of French troops were engaged in trench warfare, and head wounds from the falling shrapnel generated by indirect fire became a frequent cause of battlefield casualties. Introduced in 1915, it was the first modern steel helmet and it served as the basic helmet of many armies well into the 1930s. Initially issued to infantry soldiers, in modified form they were also issued to cavalry and tank crews. A subsequent version, the M26, was used during World War II.

Since 1924, the available stocks of helmets were equipped by units of the Red Army. These helmets were repainted khaki and the old emblem replaced with a large tin star. According to some reports, Adrian's helmets were in service with the Red Army until 1939.


3 Rubles 1938

A rectangle made up of numerous colored wavy lines, in the corners, diagonally, are the digit "3". In the middle, over the two guilloche rosettes, there is an octagon with the inscription "Three RUBLES", on each side, as well as on top and bottom, the denomination is repeated in ten other major languages of the USSR at that time: Ukrainian, Belarusian, Georgian, Armenian, Azerbaijani, Uzbek, Turkmen, Tajik, Kazakh and Kyrgyz. ( .rus)


The banknote was introduced in 1938, the old issues were not canceled. They remained in circulation until the reform of 1947. Design developed by I.I. Dubasov - the author of most Soviet banknotes.