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100 Pesos 2018, Argentina

no number in katalog -
Years of issue: 2018
Edition:
Signatures: Presidente del Banco Central de la República Argentina: Guido Martín Sandleris, Presidente H.C. Senadores: Gabriela Michetti
Serie: Argentina’s Fauna
Specimen of: 2018
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 155 х 65
Printer: Casa de Moneda de la Nación, Buenos Aires

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

100 Pesos 2018

Description

Watermark:

watermark

The taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis) and electrotype 100.

About the taruca, please read the description of the obverse.

Avers:

100 Pesos 2018

Hippocamelus antisensis

On foreground is The taruca.

Also, the taruca is on top and well as his paw prints.

The taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or north Andean deer, is a species of deer native to South America.

Tarucas are medium-sized deer with heavy bodies. They measure 128 to 146 cm. (50 to 57 in.) from head to rump, with a 11 to 13 cm. (4.3 to 5.1 in.) tail, and stand 69 to 80 cm. (27 to 31 in.) tall at the shoulder. Adults weigh between 69 and 80 kg. (152 and 176 lb.). As with most deer, males are significantly larger than females.

The hair is sandy brown over most of the body, with white patches on the underside of the head, neck, tail, and genital region, and on the inner surface of the fore-legs. While females often have a dark brown area on the forehead, facial markings are much clearer in the males. The exact patterns vary between different males, but in general there is a black behind the nose, and a black Y or V pattern over the forehead and snout.

Male tarucas have antlers, typically measuring 27 cm. (11 in.) in length once fully grown. Unlike all other South American deer, except for the closely related huemul, the antlers consist of just two tines, branching close to the base, and with the posterior tine being the larger. Males also possess canine teeth in their upper jaw, which females usually, but not always, lack.

Tarucas are found only in the Andes mountains, from central Peru, through Bolivia and extreme north-eastern Chile, and into northern Argentina. In Argentina, they are found between 2,000 and 3,000 m. (6,600 and 9,800 ft.), but the elevation of their preferred habitat gradually rises as they approach the equator, until it reaches 3,500 to 5,000 m. (11,500 to 16,400 ft.) in Peru. Within this region, they are found in grasslands marked by occasional shrubs and rocky outcrops, typically close to water. There are no recognised subspecies.

The background of the banknote shows flowers in the Sierra de Famantina mountain range (Cordon de Famatina), in the north-west and north of the country - Taruka’s place of residence. In the upper quadrant: images of traces of the taruca in several directions, as a symbol of multiplicity, and decorative flowers on both edges, which is abundantly grown in the Sierra de Famantina mountain range.

Nolana paradoxa

I think, that the flowers on top are Chilean bell flowers (Nolana paradoxa).

Nolana (Chilean bell flower) is a genus of hard annual or perennial plants in the nightshade family. The genus is mostly native to Chile and Peru. Species in this genus, especially Nolana paradoxa, serve as a model system for studies on flower color.

Maihueniopsis darwinii

Since the Bank of Argentina does not give information on which particular flowers are shown on the banknote, I dare to make some assumptions. Thank so much to Olga, from Russia, for help in search of the flowers.

I have 2 opinions:

1) On the banknote, above, cactus Maihueniopsis darwinii - the endemic of Argentina and Chile.

Origin and Habitat: Maihueniopsis darwinii is widespread and abundant in Argentina (Province of Buenos Aires, Río Negro and Chubut) and Chile (Only in the locality of Bahía Jara, Chile Chico, Region XI de Aysén).

Altitude range: It can be found at elevations of 0 to 2,000 meters above sea level.

Habitat: The species grows in monte shrubland and in the Patagonian grasslands on rocky soils. It is very well adapted to the cold climate. It grows most of the time in full sun but sometimes also with a little shelter of some bushes. In some areas during the winter the plants are 1-2 m. covered with snow. In the spring when the snow starts melting the substrate becomes wet although the (night) temperatures can be quite low at this time. There is no known use or trade of this species. (llifle.com)

Maihuenia poeppigii

2) Cactus Maihuenia poeppigii - endemic of Argentina and Chile.

Denomination in words is on top. In numerals are in three corners.

Revers:

100 Pesos 2018

On the right - again, flowers of Maihueniopsis darwinii and paw prints of the taruca.

To the left of the coat of arms of Argentina is a wind rose, showing the direction — the East - North East - as the habitat area of the rufous hornero on a map of Argentina.

Mapa de distribucion actual del Taruca

In the center is a map of Argentina and darkened areas on it, meaning areas of taruca habitat, today. Shaded areas (whole Argentina) - is the territory of residence of the taruca more than 100 years ago.

The map of Argentina shows, in addition to the continental part, the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego (the western part belongs to Chile), the Falklands or the Malvinas Islands (which belong to Great Britain, but Argentina considers them its territory) and, in a rectangle, the Antarctic Peninsula and the Weddell Sea, in Antarctica, which Argentina also considers its territory.

Cordon de Famatina

The main image of the banknote is a view of the Sierra de Famantina mountain range.

The Sierra de Famantina mountain range formed by mountains, which reach a height of 6,250 meters, crosses five departments (provincial administrative units). Here are the old gold mines, which were developed by English companies in the XX century, as well as the ever-snowy peak of Famantina, on the slope of which the proposed land plot is located, surrounded by beautiful mountainous terrain, impressive mountain peaks and wide plains.

Lobivia hualfinensis

At the bottom, presumably, cactus Lobivia hualfinensis or Echinopsis haematantha, with flowers.

It grows in the north of Argentina, just in the Sierra de Famantina. It is a very interesting plant with large orange-red flowers and heavy, curved, pink/brown or orange spines.

Echinopsis (lat. Echinopsis) is a genus of plants of the cactus family. The name comes from the Greek. echinus - hedgehog and opsis - similar, as an adult plant resembles a hedgehog curled up in a ball with numerous prickles. This name was suggested by Karl Linnaeus in 1737. (www.llifle.com .англ)

At the bottom, on the banknote, Taruka's baby deer is shown as a symbol of the survival of the species.

I have an opinion that on the banknote, near the serial number, there is a flower from the subfamily Chloraea, a family of Orchids, for example Chloraea magellanica, but so far there is no confirmation of this.

coat of arms of Argentina

In top right corner is the coat of arms of Argentina.

The coat of arms of the Argentine Republic (Escudo de la República Argentina) was established in its current form in 1944, but has its origins in the seal of the General Constituent Assembly of 1813.

It is unknown who designed the coat of arms. It is often mentioned that there were three men involved: Alvear, Monteagudo, and Vieytes, but it is known that a few years before, President Bernardino Rivadavia asked the Peruvian Antonio Isidoro Castro to create an Argentine coat of arms; however, the two schemes have never been found.

The coat of arms is a figure, in which at the top we find the gold-yellowed Sun of May, also found on the flag of Argentina. The rising sun symbolizes the rising of Argentina, as described in the first version of the Argentine National Anthem, se levanta a la faz de la tierra una nueva y gloriosa nación, meaning "a new and glorious nation rises to the surface of the Earth". It must be noticed how the verb "rise", and so in Spanish, can be used to describe the motion of the Sun.

In the center ellipse there are two shaking hands, connoting the unity of the provinces of Argentina. The hands come together to hold a pike, which represents power and willingness to defend freedom, epitomized by the Phrygian cap on the top of the spear.

The blue and white colors are symbols of the Argentine people and the same colors of the Argentine flag. The blue half of the ellipse symbolizes the sky and the white one denotes the Río de la Plata.

The hands are flesh coloured and stand for friendship, peace, unity, and brotherhood. The pike is brown (wooden), and the Phrygian cap is red, like the traditional French liberty cap. The proximity of the hands and the Phrygian cap, in addition to their individual meanings, represent the national motto of Argentina, en unión y libertad ("in unity and freedom"), and illustrate the idea that in unity (the hands) there is power (the pike), and in power there is freedom (the Phrygian cap).

The Phrygian cap was typically worn by the inhabitants of Phrygia, in the Anatolian peninsula, and is commonly mistaken for being a Pileus. The Pileus was a hat that in ancient Rome became a symbol of freed slaves, who were touched by their owners with a wooden pike before setting them free.

Laurel is another classical symbol. At the end of the ancient Olympic Games (and also the 2004 Summer Olympics), the winner was given a laurel crown, and since then it has symbolized triumph and glory.

Denominations in numerals are in lower right and top left corners.

Comments:

A new 100 peso banknote was officially announced at school number 44 Jos Ignacio Gorriti in the city of Leon (Jujuy province).