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1000 Lekë 1957, Albania

in Krause book Number: 32а
Years of issue: 1957
Edition:
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1957 Series
Specimen of: 1949
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 174 х 94
Printer: Goznak, Московская печатная фабрика - филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

1000 Lekë 1957

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Abbreviation of Albanian State Bank B.SH.SH in a circle.

Avers:

1000 Lekë 1957

Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu

On left side is Skanderbeg.

George Castriot (Albanian: Gjergj Kastrioti, 6 May 1405 – 17 January 1468), known as Skanderbeg (Albanian: Skënderbej or Skënderbeu from Ottoman Turkish: اسکندر بگ‎, translit. İskender Beğ), was an Albanian nobleman and military commander, who served the Ottoman Empire in 1423-1443, the Republic of Venice in 1443-1447, and lastly the Kingdom of Naples until his death. After leaving Ottoman service, he led a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire in what is today Albania and North Macedonia. Skanderbeg always signed himself in Latin: Dominus Albaniae ("Lord of Albania"), and claimed no other titles but that in documents.

A member of the noble Castriot family, he was sent to the Ottoman court as part of the Devshirme, where he was educated and entered the service of the Ottoman sultan for the next twenty years. He rose through the ranks, culminating in the appointment as sanjakbey (governor) of the Sanjak of Dibra in 1440. In 1443, he deserted the Ottomans during the Battle of Niš and became the ruler of Krujë, Svetigrad, and Modrič. In 1444, he was appointed the chief commander of the short-lived League of Lezhë that consolidated nobility throughout what is today Northern Albania. Thus, for the first time Albania was united under a single leader. Skanderbeg's rebellion was not a general uprising of Albanians, because he did not gain support in the Venetian-controlled north or in the Ottoman-controlled south. His followers included, apart from Albanians, also Slavs, Vlachs, and Greeks. Despite this military valor he was not able to do more than to hold his own possessions within the very small area in nowadays northern Albania where almost all of his victories against the Ottomans took place. His rebellion was a national rebellion. The resistance led by him brought Albanians of different regions and dialects together in a common cause, helping define the ethnic identity of the Albanians. Skanderbeg's military skills presented a major obstacle to Ottoman expansion, and he was considered by many in western Europe to be a model of Christian resistance against Muslims. For 25 years, from 1443 to 1468, Skanderbeg's 10,000 man army marched through Ottoman territory winning against consistently larger and better supplied Ottoman forces, for which he was admired.

In 1451, he recognized de jure the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Naples over Albania through the Treaty of Gaeta, to ensure a protective alliance, although he remained a de facto independent ruler. In 1460-1461, he participated in Italy's civil wars in support of Ferdinand I of Naples. In 1463, he became the chief commander of the crusading forces of Pope Pius II, but the Pope died while the armies were still gathering. Together with Venetians he fought against the Ottomans during the Ottoman–Venetian War (1463-1479) until his death in January 1468. He ranks high in that military history, as the most persistent opponent of the Ottoman Empire in its heyday who was also ever-victorious.

map

On right side are oil derricks.

Article of 1981:

"The first oil field Kuchova (Stalin) opened in 1934, developed from 1935; by the 50s, 6 oil and 6 gas fields were discovered. Of the 60 promising structures for oil and gas, several were drilled into a slight depression south of the town of Shkoder. Total maximum Albanian oil refineries have a capacity of over 3.5 million tons. The most significant of them are located in Balshi and Fier (the latter’s production capacity is over 1 million tons per year), the rest of the plants have a small capacity and are located directly next to the oil fields. technical bitumen in 1974 exceeded 1 million tons per year. Albania satisfies its needs with its own oil, is an exporter of crude oil and bitumen and goes to the export of petroleum products. Over 90% of bitumens are exported to Europe, mainly to Italy, Greece, Yugoslavia, as well as in the GDR and Poland. In addition, Albania exports various petroleum products to the socialist countries of Europe (export volume is 100-150 thousand tons per year)." (Горная энциклопедия .rus)

An inscription::"Banka e Shtetit Shqiptar. I Paguhet Prurёsit Me Tё Parё".

In English: "Bills of Albanian State Bank should be accepted everywhere in the country".

Revers:

1000 Lekë 1957

Miner with jackhammer.

statistic

Article of 1981:

"The most important mineral resources of Albania are nickel- and cobalt-containing iron ores, chromium and copper ores, brown coal.

Mining. General characteristics.

For many centuries, Albania was an agrarian and raw material appendage of Turkey or Italy and could not create a national heavy, in particular mining, industry. From the beginning of the 2nd quarter of the 20th century, chromic and copper ores were developed. The systematic development of the mining industry began after the establishment of the people's power (1944), when with the help of the CCCP a comprehensive geological study of the territory of Albania was carried out and the mining industry began to be created on the basis of the identified and explored reserves of oil, coal, nickel ores and other minerals." (Горная энциклопедия .rus)

coat

On left side is the Coat of arms of the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania 1946-1992.

"The coat of arms of the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania is an image of a black double-headed eagle, framed by two bunches of wheat ears, which have a five-pointed red star at the top and are tied at the bottom with a red ribbon on which the date" May 24, 1944 "is written."

Inscription at the bottom:"Ligja dёnon ata qё fabrikojnё dhe ndajne bileta tё fallsifikuara".

In English: "Forgery of state bills is punishable by law".

Comments:

In 1949, a series of banknotes in denominations of 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 lekё were introduced. The second series with a similar design was introduced in 1957.