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500 Lekë 1957, Albania

in Krause book Number: 31а
Years of issue: 1957
Edition:
Signatures: no signature
Serie: 1957 Series
Specimen of: 1949
Material: Cotton fiber
Size (mm): 164 х 90
Printer: Goznak, Московская печатная фабрика - филиал ФГУП "Гознак", Москва

* All pictures marked magnify are increased partially by magnifying glass, the remaining open in full size by clicking on the image.

** The word "Specimen" is present only on some of electronic pictures, in accordance with banknote images publication rules of appropriate banks.

500 Lekë 1957

Description

Watermark:

watermark

Abbreviation of Albanian State Bank B.SH.SH in a circle.

Avers:

500 Lekë 1957

Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu

On right side is Skanderbeg.

George Castriot (Albanian: Gjergj Kastrioti, 6 May 1405 – 17 January 1468), known as Skanderbeg (Albanian: Skënderbej or Skënderbeu from Ottoman Turkish: اسکندر بگ‎, translit. İskender Beğ), was an Albanian nobleman and military commander, who served the Ottoman Empire in 1423-1443, the Republic of Venice in 1443-1447, and lastly the Kingdom of Naples until his death. After leaving Ottoman service, he led a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire in what is today Albania and North Macedonia. Skanderbeg always signed himself in Latin: Dominus Albaniae ("Lord of Albania"), and claimed no other titles but that in documents.

A member of the noble Castriot family, he was sent to the Ottoman court as part of the Devshirme, where he was educated and entered the service of the Ottoman sultan for the next twenty years. He rose through the ranks, culminating in the appointment as sanjakbey (governor) of the Sanjak of Dibra in 1440. In 1443, he deserted the Ottomans during the Battle of Niš and became the ruler of Krujë, Svetigrad, and Modrič. In 1444, he was appointed the chief commander of the short-lived League of Lezhë that consolidated nobility throughout what is today Northern Albania. Thus, for the first time Albania was united under a single leader. Skanderbeg's rebellion was not a general uprising of Albanians, because he did not gain support in the Venetian-controlled north or in the Ottoman-controlled south. His followers included, apart from Albanians, also Slavs, Vlachs, and Greeks. Despite this military valor he was not able to do more than to hold his own possessions within the very small area in nowadays northern Albania where almost all of his victories against the Ottomans took place. His rebellion was a national rebellion. The resistance led by him brought Albanians of different regions and dialects together in a common cause, helping define the ethnic identity of the Albanians. Skanderbeg's military skills presented a major obstacle to Ottoman expansion, and he was considered by many in western Europe to be a model of Christian resistance against Muslims. For 25 years, from 1443 to 1468, Skanderbeg's 10,000 man army marched through Ottoman territory winning against consistently larger and better supplied Ottoman forces, for which he was admired.

In 1451, he recognized de jure the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Naples over Albania through the Treaty of Gaeta, to ensure a protective alliance, although he remained a de facto independent ruler. In 1460-1461, he participated in Italy's civil wars in support of Ferdinand I of Naples. In 1463, he became the chief commander of the crusading forces of Pope Pius II, but the Pope died while the armies were still gathering. Together with Venetians he fought against the Ottomans during the Ottoman–Venetian War (1463-1479) until his death in January 1468. He ranks high in that military history, as the most persistent opponent of the Ottoman Empire in its heyday who was also ever-victorious.

SHTZ 15/30 SHTZ 15/30

Centered is the tractor SHTZ 15/30 with trailer and several peasants on hay harvesting.

SHTZ 15/30 is a brand of wheeled tractor, manufactured since 1930 by the Stalingrad Tractor Plant and since 1931 by the Kharkov Tractor Plant.

In total, 390,500 tractors were manufactured, tractor production at the tractor production was curtailed in 1937 (both plants were reoriented to the production of an agricultural tractors HTZ-NATI), later, in the post-war years, the tractor was produced at the Moscow auto repair plant.

The tractor was designed to work on plowing the soil with a two- or three-body plow, working with mounted agricultural implements, driving stationary machines.

The tractor was developed on the basis of the construction of one of the best tractors of that time, the International Mac-Cormick Deering 15/30, produced by the American company International Harvester.

The tractor had a classic layout for tractors: rear drive wheels of increased diameter and front guides of reduced diameter, frame structure. 31.5 hp kerosene carburetor engine allowed the tractor to work with a load in the range of operating speeds from 3.5 to 7.4 km / h.

It was on such a tractor that Pasha Angelina worked.

In the 1930s and 1940s this tractor was the most common in the USSR.

In 1948-1950, the tractor was also manufactured at the Second Automotive Repair Plant in Moscow.

An inscription::"Banka e Shtetit Shqiptar. I Paguhet Prurёsit Me Tё Parё".

In English: "Bills of Albanian State Bank should be accepted everywhere in the country".

Revers:

500 Lekë 1957

Peasant woman with a sheaf of wheat.

The main agricultural products in Albania are tobacco, figs, olives, wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes, meat, honey, dairy products, and medicinal and aromatic plants. Today, agriculture in Albania accounts for 18.9% of GDP and most of the exports.

coat

On right side is the Coat of arms of the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania 1946-1992.

"The coat of arms of the People’s Socialist Republic of Albania is an image of a black double-headed eagle, framed by two bunches of wheat ears, which have a five-pointed red star at the top and are tied at the bottom with a red ribbon on which the date" May 24, 1944 "is written."

Inscription at the bottom:"Ligja dёnon ata qё fabrikojnё dhe ndajne bileta tё fallsifikuara".

In English: "Forgery of state bills is punishable by law".

Comments:

In 1949, a series of banknotes in denominations of 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 lekё were introduced. The second series with a similar design was introduced in 1957.